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Fire on earth : an introduction

Author: Andrew C Scott; D M J S Bowman; William J Bond; Stephen J Pyne; Martin E Alexander
Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Earth is the only planet known to have fire. The reason is both simple and profound: fire exists because Earth is the only planet to possess life as we know it. Fire is an expression of life on Earth and an index of life's history. Few processes are as integral, unique, or ancient. Fire on Earth puts fire in its rightful place as an integral part of the study of geology, biology, human history, physics, and global  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Scott, Andrew C.
Fire on earth.
Chichester, West Sussex : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013
(DLC) 2013030462
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Andrew C Scott; D M J S Bowman; William J Bond; Stephen J Pyne; Martin E Alexander
ISBN: 9781119953579 111995357X 9781119953562 1119953561
OCLC Number: 854541596
Description: xix, 413 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: pt. I. Fire in the earth system --
1. What is fire? --
How fire starts and initially spreads --
Lightning and other ignition sources --
The charring process --
Pyrolysis products --
Fire types --
Peat fires --
Fire effects on soils --
Post-fire erosion-deposition --
Fire and vegetation --
Fire and climate --
Fire triangles --
Fire return intervals --
How we study fire : satellites --
Modeling fire occurrence --
Climate forcing --
Scales of fire occurrence --
2. Fire in the fossil record : recognition --
Fire proxies : fire scars and charcoal --
The problem of nomenclature : black carbon, char, charcoal, soot and elemental carbon --
How we study charcoal : microscopical and chemical techniques --
Charcoal as an information-rich source --
Charcoal reflectance and temperature --
Uses of charcoal --
Fire intensity/severity --
Deep time studies --
Pre-requisite for fire : fuel, the evolution of plants --
Charcoal in sedimentary systems --
3. Fire in the fossil record : earth system processes --
Fire and oxygen --
Fire feedbacks --
Systems diagrams --
Charcoal as proxy for atmospheric oxygen --
Burning experiments : fire spread --
Fire and the terrestrial system --
4. The geological history of fire in deep time : 420 million years to 27 million years ago --
Periods of high and low fire, and implications --
The first fires --
The rise of fire --
Fire in the high-oxygen Paleozoic world --
Collapse of fire systems --
Fire at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary --
Jurassic variation --
Cretaceous fires --
Fire at the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-P or K-T) boundary --
Paleocene fires --
Fires across the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) --
Dampening of fire systems --
Rise of the grass-fire cycle --
5. The geological history of fire : the last two million years --
Problems of quaternary fire history --
The paleofire working group : techniques and analysis --
Fire and climate cycles --
Fire and humans : the fossil evidence --
Fire and the industrial society --
pt. II. Biology of fire --
6. Pyrogeography : temporal and spatial patterns of fire --
Fire and life --
Global climate, vegetation patterns and fire --
Pyrogeographyy --
Fire and the control of biome boundaries --
The fire regime concept --
7. Plants and fire --
Fire and plant traits --
Fire regimes and the characteristic suite of fire plant traits --
Evolution of fire traits --
8. Fire and fauna --
Direct effects of fire on fauna --
Effect of fire regimes on fauna --
The landscape mosaic and pyrodiversity --
The effect of fauna on fire regimes --
Fire and the evolution of fauna --
9. Fire as an ecosystem process --
Fire and erosion --
Fire and nutrient cycling --
Fire and pedogenesis --
Fire and atmospheric chemistry --
Fire and climate --
10. Fire and anthropogenic environmental change --
Prehistoric impacts --
Prehistoric fire management --
Contemporary fire management --
Climate change --
Fire and carbon management --
Fire regime switches : a major challenge for fire ecology --
Invasive plants and altered fire regimes --
pt. III. Anthropogenic fire --11. Fire creature --
Early hominins : spark of creation --
Aboriginal fire : control over ignition --
Cultivated fire : control over combustibles --
12. The new epoch of fire : the anthropocene --
The Great Disruption --
The pyric transition --
Enlightenment and empire --
Scaling the transition --
13. Fire management --
Integrated fire management --
Two realms : managing pyric transition --
Institutions : ordering fire --
Conceptions of fire --
pt. IV. The science and art of wildland fire behaviour prediction --
14. Fundamentals of wildland fire as a physical process --
Basics of combustion and heat transfer --
Wildland fire environment concept --
Extreme wildland fire behavior phenomena --
Field methods of measuring and quantifying wildland fire behavior --
15. Estimating free-burning wildland fire behavior --
Historical sketch of wildland fire behavior research --
Models, systems and guides for predicting wildland fire behavior --
Wildland fire behavior prediction process --
16. Fire management applications of wildland fire behavior knowledge --
Wildfire suppression --
Wildland firefighter safety --
Community wildland fire protection --
Fuels management --
Prediction of fire effects.
Responsibility: Andrew C. Scott, David M.J.S. Bowman, William J. Bond, Stephen J. Pyne, Martin E. Alexander.

Abstract:

Earth is the only planet known to have fire. The reason is both simple and profound: fire exists because Earth is the only planet to possess life as we know it. Fire is an expression of life on  Read more...

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The well-organized and illustrated work can be used as a textbook or a reference source for practitioners. Each chapter has a list of further readings, and each part has its own extensive Read more...

 
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