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First Nations and organized crime

Author: Colin H Goff; Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Community, Contract and Aboriginal Policing Services Directorate. Research and Evaluation Branch.
Publisher: Ottawa : Research and Evaluation Branch, Community, Contract and Aboriginal Policing Services Directorate, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 2005.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Aboriginal gangs are prevalent in Manitoba, both in urban areas as well as in First Nation communities. While they are involved in numerous illegal activities, they are not as organized as Outlaw Motorcycle gangs; rather, these gangs tend to be engage in numerous social, as opposed to criminal, activities. However, they do engage in criminal activities, and their actions are a reason for concern for both law  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Colin H Goff; Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Community, Contract and Aboriginal Policing Services Directorate. Research and Evaluation Branch.
ISBN: 0662422368 9780662422365
OCLC Number: 67399968
Notes: Archived by Library and Archives Canada.
Title from title screen (viewed on Apr. 12, 2006).
Distributed by the Government of Canada Depository Services Program.
Issued also in French under title: Premières nations et crime organisé.
Description: 1 online resource
Details: Mode of access: World Wide Web.; System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Contents: [PARTIAL CONTENTS] --
A brief history of aboriginal gangs in Manitoba --
Antigang actions : Gang prevention, intervention and suppression --
Community-based strategies --
Prevention-based programs --
Intervention-based programs --
Suppression programs --
Comunity-based approaches --
Components of successful community strategies, programs --
Restorative comunity justice --
Restorative justice --
Theoretical foundations of restorative justice --
Restorative justice practices (community justice forums, sentencing circles) --
Theoretical foundations of community justice --
Community justice practices (community policing) --
Community-based justice programs
Responsibility: by Colin Goff.

Abstract:

"Aboriginal gangs are prevalent in Manitoba, both in urban areas as well as in First Nation communities. While they are involved in numerous illegal activities, they are not as organized as Outlaw Motorcycle gangs; rather, these gangs tend to be engage in numerous social, as opposed to criminal, activities. However, they do engage in criminal activities, and their actions are a reason for concern for both law enforcement authorities and residents of communities. While understanding adult gangs is important for gaining a comprehensive picture of Aboriginal gangs in Manitoba, much of this project ended up focusing upon youths. This is largely due to the fact that community residents themselves indicated that this was a central problem with the longevity and continuation of gangs in their communities – they wanted to have prevention and intervention programs for youths prior to them becoming asked to join a gang, or where they are marginal members of gangs, how to best intervene in their lives to end their association with gangs. This is because (1) there is a significant influence of gangs upon the level of serious crime and especially violent crime in communities. Second, this influence of gang membership on crime, in particular violent crime, has a long lasting impact. Third, gang membership has a significant negative impact upon the developmental growth of youths, thereby negatively influencing the community. And finally, there is a high degree of overlap between gang membership and serious, violent and chronic offending. Future work in this area should study the nature of all aspects of these Aboriginal gangs, particularly as they operate in First Nations communities and how they are connected to gangs in urban areas. A social network analysis of their operations could lead to a greater understanding of their operations and the key players involved, which could lead to more successful crime reduction programs."--from pub. website.

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