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Flood hazard identification and mitigation in semi- and arid environments

Author: Richard H French; Julianne J Miller
Publisher: Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific, c 2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Alluvial fans are ubiquitous geomorphological features that occur throughout the world, regardless of climate, at the front of mountains as the result of erosion and deposition. Thsi title summarizes  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Richard H French; Julianne J Miller
ISBN: 9789814355094 9814355097
OCLC Number: 709667023
Description: xii, 224 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction --
1.1. Introduction --
1.2. Alluvial Fan Hazards --
1.3. Playa Lakes --
1.4. Conclusion --
References --
2. Geologic and Hydraulic Concepts of Arid Environments --
2.1. Introduction --
2.1.1. Desert landscape formation --
2.2. Geologic Theories of Formative Processes --
2.2.1. Catastrophism --
2.2.2. Gradualism (Uniformitarianism) --
2.2.3. Integration --
2.3. Flow Processes --
2.3.1. Fluvial --
2.3.2. Hyperconcentrated flows --
2.4. Soils --
2.4.1. Soil formation in arid environments --
2.4.2. Desert pavement --
2.4.3. Indurated soil layers --
2.4.4. Vegetation and biologic role in soil development --
2.5. Runoff, Infiltration Potential, and Transmission Losses --
2.5.1. Runoff and infiltration potential --
2.5.2. Channel transmission losses --
References --
3. Traditional Approaches to Flood Hazard Identification and Mitigation on Alluvial Fans --
3.1. Introduction --
3.2. Background --
3.3. Technical Issues Regarding the Assumptions. Contents note continued: 3.4. Implementation of the Assumptions --
3.4.1. Understanding the traditional approach --
3.4.2. Implementation for hazard identification --
3.5. An Approach to Hazard Mitigation --
3.6. Conclusion --
References --
4. New Approaches for Alluvial Fan Flood Hazard --
4.1. Predicting Alluvial Fan Flooding ---
Background --
4.2. FEMA's Three Phase Approach to Alluvial Fan Flood Mapping --
4.2.1. Identification of fan geomorphology --
4.2.2. Active versus inactive fan areas --
4.2.3.100-year flood hazard modeling and mapping --
4.3. Alluvial Fan Flood Modeling --
4.3.1. Developing an alluvial fan flood model --
4.3.2.2-D unsteady alluvial fan model limitations --
4.3.3. Alluvial fan sediment issues --
4.4. Important Criteria for Flood Hazard Delineation --
4.5. Hazard Mapping as a Planning Tool --
4.6. Flood Damage Mapping --
4.7. Alluvial Fan Mitigation Measures --
References --
5. Flood Hazard Mapping Versus Flood Risk Analysis. Contents note continued: 5.1. Risk and Uncertainty of Alluvial Fan Flooding --
5.1.1. Concepts of flood hazard and flood risk: Hazard [`" risk --
5.2. Stochastic versus Deterministic Flood Hazard Assessment --
5.3. Stochastic Methods for Fan Flood Hazards --
5.3.1. Monte Carlo simulations --
5.3.2. Probability distributions representing physical fan parameters --
5.3.3. Random walk algorithm to determine flow paths --
5.3.4. Alluvial fan flood probability ---
creating the linkage between the stochastic model and the deterministic model --
5.3.5. Evolution of the alluvial fan ---
modeling future conditions --
5.4. Integrating Alluvial Fan Flood Hazard Mapping and Damage Assessment --
References --
6. Playa Lake Hazards and Resources --
6.1. Introduction --
6.1.1. Historic role of playas in military and civilian use --
6.2. Inundation of Playas --
6.2.1. Predicting the depth of inundation on playa lakes --
6.2.2. Predicting the duration of inundation on playa lakes. Contents note continued: 6.3. Geologic Hazards on Playa Lakebeds --
6.3.1. Evolution of desiccation cracks on playas --
6.4. Playas as a Water Resource: Studies in Jordan --
6.4.1. Azraq basin --
6.4.2. Playas in the Northeastern Badia --
6.5. Conclusions --
References --
7. Needs and Benefits of Co-Operation --
7.1. Introduction --
7.2. Identifying the Alluvial Fan Hydrologic Apex --
7.3. Watershed Delineation --
7.4. History --
7.5. Surficial Geology --
7.6. Paleohydrology --
7.7. Aggradation and Scour --
7.8. Climate Change --
7.9. Planning --
7.10. Summary --
References --
8. Meeting the Challenge --
Case Study #1 Two-Dimensional Hydraulic Modeling for Alluvial Fan Floodplain Hazard Identification --
8.1. Introduction --
8.1.1. Local regulatory framework --
8.1.2. Project setting --
8.1.3. Hydraulic model development --
8.2. Hydraulic Model Data and Assumptions --
8.2.1. Topography and grid development --
8.2.2. Discharge --
8.2.3. Precipitation --
8.2.4. Infiltration --
8.2.5. Manning's n-values. Contents note continued: 8.2.6. Boundary conditions --
8.2.7. Flow obstruction --
8.2.8. Froude number --
8.2.9.Computational time step and grid element size --
8.3. Hydraulic Model Results --
8.4. Summary and Conclusions --
References --
Case Study #2 Numerical Modeling of the 2005 La Conchita Landslide, Ventura County, California --
8.5. Introduction --
8.6. Background, Geology, and Kinematics --
8.6.1. Introduction --
8.6.2. Historical setting --
8.6.3. Geologic conditions --
8.6.4. Vegetation and soils --
8.6.5. Sedimentology --
8.6.6. Physical dimensions --
8.6.7. Velocity --
8.7. Previous Studies of Debris Flow Behavior --
8.8. FLO-2D Numerical Modeling --
8.8.1. Introduction --
8.8.2. FLO-2D modeling of debris flows --
8.8.3. Input parameters --
8.8.4. Model results --
8.9. Summary --
References --
Case Study #3 Tiger Wash, Western Maricopa County, Arizona, USA --
8.10. Site Description --
8.10.1. Watershed --
8.10.2. Geologic setting --
8.10.3. Surficial geology --
8.10.4. Channel morphology. Contents note continued: 8.10.5. Outfall --
8.11. Flood History --
8.11.1. Gauge record --
8.11.2. Peak discharge estimates --
8.11.3. September 26, 1997 flood --
8.12. Previous Studies --
8.13. Discussion --
8.13.1. What is an alluvial fan? --
8.13.2. What are the key elements of alluvial fan flooding? --
8.13.3. Alluvial fan boundary delineation --
8.13.4. Predicting avulsions --
8.13.5. Importance of infiltration and attenuation --
8.13.6. Flood hazard delineation --
8.14. Summary --
References --
9. Future Directions --
9.1. Introduction --
9.2. What We Know ---
What We Don't Know --
9.2.1. Education --
9.2.2. Precipitation and flow data issues --
9.2.3. Geology and geomorphology --
9.2.4. Monitoring and modeling --
9.3. Conclusion.
Responsibility: editors, Richard H. French, Julianne J. Miller.

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   schema:description "Contents note continued: 8.2.6. Boundary conditions -- 8.2.7. Flow obstruction -- 8.2.8. Froude number -- 8.2.9.Computational time step and grid element size -- 8.3. Hydraulic Model Results -- 8.4. Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Case Study #2 Numerical Modeling of the 2005 La Conchita Landslide, Ventura County, California -- 8.5. Introduction -- 8.6. Background, Geology, and Kinematics -- 8.6.1. Introduction -- 8.6.2. Historical setting -- 8.6.3. Geologic conditions -- 8.6.4. Vegetation and soils -- 8.6.5. Sedimentology -- 8.6.6. Physical dimensions -- 8.6.7. Velocity -- 8.7. Previous Studies of Debris Flow Behavior -- 8.8. FLO-2D Numerical Modeling -- 8.8.1. Introduction -- 8.8.2. FLO-2D modeling of debris flows -- 8.8.3. Input parameters -- 8.8.4. Model results -- 8.9. Summary -- References -- Case Study #3 Tiger Wash, Western Maricopa County, Arizona, USA -- 8.10. Site Description -- 8.10.1. Watershed -- 8.10.2. Geologic setting -- 8.10.3. Surficial geology -- 8.10.4. Channel morphology."@en ;
   schema:description "Contents note continued: 6.3. Geologic Hazards on Playa Lakebeds -- 6.3.1. Evolution of desiccation cracks on playas -- 6.4. Playas as a Water Resource: Studies in Jordan -- 6.4.1. Azraq basin -- 6.4.2. Playas in the Northeastern Badia -- 6.5. Conclusions -- References -- 7. Needs and Benefits of Co-Operation -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Identifying the Alluvial Fan Hydrologic Apex -- 7.3. Watershed Delineation -- 7.4. History -- 7.5. Surficial Geology -- 7.6. Paleohydrology -- 7.7. Aggradation and Scour -- 7.8. Climate Change -- 7.9. Planning -- 7.10. Summary -- References -- 8. Meeting the Challenge -- Case Study #1 Two-Dimensional Hydraulic Modeling for Alluvial Fan Floodplain Hazard Identification -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.1.1. Local regulatory framework -- 8.1.2. Project setting -- 8.1.3. Hydraulic model development -- 8.2. Hydraulic Model Data and Assumptions -- 8.2.1. Topography and grid development -- 8.2.2. Discharge -- 8.2.3. Precipitation -- 8.2.4. Infiltration -- 8.2.5. Manning's n-values."@en ;
   schema:description "Contents note continued: 5.1. Risk and Uncertainty of Alluvial Fan Flooding -- 5.1.1. Concepts of flood hazard and flood risk: Hazard [`" risk -- 5.2. Stochastic versus Deterministic Flood Hazard Assessment -- 5.3. Stochastic Methods for Fan Flood Hazards -- 5.3.1. Monte Carlo simulations -- 5.3.2. Probability distributions representing physical fan parameters -- 5.3.3. Random walk algorithm to determine flow paths -- 5.3.4. Alluvial fan flood probability --- creating the linkage between the stochastic model and the deterministic model -- 5.3.5. Evolution of the alluvial fan --- modeling future conditions -- 5.4. Integrating Alluvial Fan Flood Hazard Mapping and Damage Assessment -- References -- 6. Playa Lake Hazards and Resources -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.1.1. Historic role of playas in military and civilian use -- 6.2. Inundation of Playas -- 6.2.1. Predicting the depth of inundation on playa lakes -- 6.2.2. Predicting the duration of inundation on playa lakes."@en ;
   schema:description "Contents note continued: 8.10.5. Outfall -- 8.11. Flood History -- 8.11.1. Gauge record -- 8.11.2. Peak discharge estimates -- 8.11.3. September 26, 1997 flood -- 8.12. Previous Studies -- 8.13. Discussion -- 8.13.1. What is an alluvial fan? -- 8.13.2. What are the key elements of alluvial fan flooding? -- 8.13.3. Alluvial fan boundary delineation -- 8.13.4. Predicting avulsions -- 8.13.5. Importance of infiltration and attenuation -- 8.13.6. Flood hazard delineation -- 8.14. Summary -- References -- 9. Future Directions -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. What We Know --- What We Don't Know -- 9.2.1. Education -- 9.2.2. Precipitation and flow data issues -- 9.2.3. Geology and geomorphology -- 9.2.4. Monitoring and modeling -- 9.3. Conclusion."@en ;
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