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Fluid product pipeline leak detection from airborne platforms

Author: Joseph Kennedy; Resources Technology Corporation.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.
Publisher: Washington, DC : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970.
Series: Water pollution control research series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
A computer simulation program in conjunction with an instrument systems analysis program lead to the conclusion that microwave radiometry working in concert with thermal infrared systems could detect petroleum product pipeline leaks. The utilization of these systems from an airborne platform would result in a low false alarm rate and a high probability of leak detection. A demonstration experiment was designed to  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Resources Technology Corporation.
Fluid product pipeline leak detection from airborne platforms.
Washington [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency]; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1970 [i.e. 1972]
(OCoLC)568023297
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Joseph Kennedy; Resources Technology Corporation.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.
OCLC Number: 357310
Notes: "Report date December 1970."
"16020 FQT 12/70"--Cover.
"Program # 16020 FQT December, 1970."
The EPA report number for this document is EPA 823-R-70-001, per NSCEP's publication title list.
Description: viii, 89 pages : illustrations, map, charts, plans ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Water pollution control research series.
Responsibility: by Resources Technology Corporation ; [Joseph Kennedy].

Abstract:

A computer simulation program in conjunction with an instrument systems analysis program lead to the conclusion that microwave radiometry working in concert with thermal infrared systems could detect petroleum product pipeline leaks. The utilization of these systems from an airborne platform would result in a low false alarm rate and a high probability of leak detection. A demonstration experiment was designed to test the simulation program. This demonstration was carried out in west Texas along three different pipeline sections with eighteen individual leak circumstances. All data, airborne and ground, was reduced, correlated and analyzed to demonstrate remote sensor capabilities. It was found that the apparent microwave (13.7 GHz) temperature of a leak increases significantly compared to surface material containing no oil. Also, a soil containing oil caused a decrease in polarization contrast. Thermal infrared showed a warm area surrounded by a cool halo. When these circumstances all occurred together a leak was identified, proving the correctness of the original computer simulations.

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