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Fool me twice : intelligence failure and mass casualty terrorism

Author: Thomas E Copeland
Publisher: Leiden ; Boston : Martinus Nijhoff, ©2007.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Evaluates whether surprise and intelligence failure leading to mass casualty terrorism are inevitable. This book features a study that explores the extent to which four factors - failures of public policy leadership, analytical challenges, organizational obstacles, and inherent problems of warning information - contribute to intelligence failure.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Copeland, Thomas E.
Fool me twice.
Leiden ; Boston : Martinus Nijhoff, ©2007
(DLC) 2007061209
(OCoLC)80461491
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Thomas E Copeland
ISBN: 9789047440291 9047440293 1282601970 9781282601970
OCLC Number: 593315379
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (xxv, 292 pages)
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Contents: Cover --
Title Page --
Copyright Page --
Dedication --
Table of Contents --
Preface --
Acknowledgements --
About the Author --
List of Abbreviations --
Chapter 1 --
Introduction --
A. Key Concepts: Strategic Surprise and Intelligence Failure --
1. Strategic Surprise --
2. Intelligence Failure --
B. The "New Terrorism" --
1. Qualitative and Quantitative Changes in the Terrorist Threat --
2. The Challenge to Government --
C. Sources of Intelligence Failure --
1. Leadership and Policy Failures --
2. Organizational and Bureaucratic Issues --
3. Problems with Warning Information --
4. Analytical Challenges --
D. Understanding Mass Casualty Terrorism, 1993-2001 --
Chapter 2 --
February 26, 1993: The World Trade Center --
A. Introduction --
1. The Streets ofNew York --
2. The First Big Surprise --
B. Leadership Failures --
1. Psychology, Perception and the Threat Environment --
2. Setting Priorities for Intelligence Collection --
3. Failures of Public Policy Leadership --
C. Organizational Obstacles --
1. Obstacle #1: FBI Culture and Confidential Informants --
2. Obstacle #2: Federal-State Coordination --
3. Obstacle #3: FBI-CIA TurfWars --
4. Obstacle #4: FBI Investigations vs. Intelligence --
5. Obstacle #5: Executive and Legislative Restrictions --
D. Threat and Warning Information --
1. Threat Indicators-Hiding in Plain Sight --
2. Warning Indicators-Signals vs. Noise --
3. Missed Opportunities --
E. Analytical Challenges --
F. The First Avoidable Surprise? --
G. Conclusion --
Chapter 3 --
April; 19, 1995: Oklahoma City --
A. Introduction --
1. What Was the Nature of the Surprise? --
B. Leadership Failures --
1. Psychology, Perception, and the Threat Environment --
2. The Perceived Threat Environment --
3. Failures of Public Policy Leadership --
C. Organizational Obstacles --
1. The First Amendment and Domestic Surveillance --
2. Law Enforcement Culture and Attitudes --
3. Law Enforcement Coordination --
D. Threat and Warning Information --
1. The Threat from the Far Right --
2. Specific Warning Indicators --
3. Possible Indicators from "Others Unknown" --
4. No Warning --
5. Failing to Learn --
E. Analytical Challenges --
F. Conclusion --
Chapter 4 --
June 25, 1996: Khobar Towers, Saudi Arabia --
A. Introduction --
1. The U.S. Mission in the Persian Gulf --
2. The First Signs of Trouble: 1994-95 --
3. Heightened Security at U.S. Installations --
4. What Was the Nature of the Surprise at Khobar Towers? --
5. Competing Judgments on the Failure --
B. Leadership Failures --
1. The Perceived Threat Environment in Saudi Arabia Prior to --
November 1995 --
2. Perceptions ofThreat After OPM/SANG --
3. The Charge of "Mission Creep" --
4. Efforts to Enhance Force Protection --
5. Sensitivity to Host Country Concerns --
6. Failures of Public Policy Leadership --
C. Organizational Obstacles --
1. For Lack of a SOFA --
2. Structure of the Military Chain of Command --
3. Lack of Guidance from DOD --
4. Money and Manpower --
5. Conclusions on Organizational Obstacles --
D. Threat and Warning Information --
1. Threat Indicators in the Kingdom --
2. Warning Indicators --
3. Conclusions on Threat and Warning --
E. Analytical Challenges --
1. The Lack of Human Intelligence --
F. Conclusion --
1. The Fina.
Responsibility: Thomas E. Copeland.

Abstract:

Evaluates whether surprise and intelligence failure leading to mass casualty terrorism are inevitable. This book features a study that explores the extent to which four factors - failures of public  Read more...

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"Fool Me Twice is a thought-provoking book for all who are interested in intelligence-gathering and considerations of what went right and what went wrong in specific mass casualty terrorist attacks." Read more...

 
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