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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Formation and identification of rules of customary international law in international investment law.
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2016
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Description:||1 online resource.|
|Contents:||Cover ; Half-title page; Series page; Title page; Copyright page; Dedication; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; Introduction; I.1 The scope of this book; I.2 The structure of this book; 1 The concept of customary international law; 1.1 Introductory remarks: this book examines custom in the context of general international law; 1.2 The nature of custom; 1.2.1 Custom is one of the sources of international law; 1.2.2 The informal (and mysterious) way by which customary rules emerge; 1.2.3 The role of consent in the development of customary rules. 1.2.4 Is there such a thing as 'tacit' consent?1.3 The double requirement of State practice and opinio juris; 1.3.1 The traditional and modern approaches regarding the relevance of these two elements; 1.3.2 The position adopted by investor-State arbitration tribunals and States; 1.4 A customary rule needs to be proven by the party that alleges it; 1.5 The role of judges in the formation and identification of customary rules; 1.5.1 A role in revealing the existence of customary rules; 1.5.2 A role in the development of customary rules; 1.5.3 The practice of investment tribunals. 1.6 The role of scholars in the identification of custom2 Dancing with the sources: the fascinating story of the relative importance of custom and treaties at different times in the evolution of international investment law; Introduction; 2.1 The origin and the development of basic investment protections under custom; 2.1.1 The historical foundation of the minimum standard of treatment; 2.1.2 The emergence of a general prohibition against expropriation without compensation; 2.2 Challenges to existing customary rules on investment protection. 2.2.1 A concerted attack led by newly independent States in the 1960s and 1970s2.2.2 An impact assessment of the attack on existing rules; 2.2.3 One war casualty: the Hull formula; 2.3 From a lack of consensus on existing custom to the proliferation of BITs; 2.3.1 Combat fatigue or the sorry state of custom after the attacks; 2.3.2 The roaring 1990s or the 'treatification' of international investment law; 2.3.3 Change of heart: the paradox of why developing States started signing BITs; 2.4 Does custom still matter today in this age of treatification?; 2.5 The 'return' of custom? 2.6 A brief outline of existing customary rules of international investment law2.6.1 Scholarship on the existence of any such customary rules; 2.6.2 Minimum standard of treatment; 184.108.40.206 A firmly established rule; 220.127.116.11 & with an imprecise content; 2.6.3 General prohibition against expropriation without compensation; 3 State practice; Introduction; 3.1 Whose practice matters?; 3.1.1 Non-State actors do not directly participate in the creation of customary rules; 3.1.2 The international legal personality of corporations and their international law-making powers.|
|Series Title:||Cambridge studies in international and comparative law, 119|