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French savants huddled together at the top of a column, while a band of Bedouin Arabs set fire to it below; exaggerating the troubled experience of the 'Commission des Sciences et des Arts' during Napoleon's invasion of Egypt.

Author: James Gillray
Publisher: London (27 St. James's Street) : H. Humphrey, 6 March 1799.
Edition/Format:   Image : Artwork reproduction : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The French army which invaded Egypt in 1798 under the command of General Bonaparte was accompanied by a party of 165 savants, the Commission des Arts et des Sciences, including artists, naturalists, medical officers, surveyors, engineers, etc., led by the mathematician Gaspard Monge and the chemist Claude Louis Berthollet. Their activities included surveys of ancient monuments, studies of medical conditions  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Caricatures
Etchings
Named Person: Gaspard Monge; Claude-Louis Berthollet; C -F Volney; Napoleon, Emperor of the French; Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier; Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire; Déodat de Dolomieu; Nicolas-Antoine Nouet; Quesnot.; Pierre Méchain; Maris Jules César Savigny; Pierre Joseph Redouté; R Desgenettes, baron; D J Larrey, baron
Material Type: Artwork reproduction
Document Type: Visual material
All Authors / Contributors: James Gillray
OCLC Number: 808168609
Notes: British Museum, Catalogue of political and personal satires, vol. VII, no. 9352.
F. Charles-Roux, Bonaparte gouverneur d'Egypte, Paris 1935.
Description: 1 print : etching, with watercolour ; image 49.8 x 40.8 cm.
Responsibility: Coloured etching by J. Gillray, 1799.

Abstract:

The French army which invaded Egypt in 1798 under the command of General Bonaparte was accompanied by a party of 165 savants, the Commission des Arts et des Sciences, including artists, naturalists, medical officers, surveyors, engineers, etc., led by the mathematician Gaspard Monge and the chemist Claude Louis Berthollet. Their activities included surveys of ancient monuments, studies of medical conditions (published by R. Desgenettes, 'Histoire médicale de l'armée en orient', Paris 1802) and collections of natural history specimens. The difficult working conditions of the savants, aggravated by a hostile native population, were revealed in letters which were intercepted by the British fleet and published in London in 1798-1800. Gillray, in this etching purportedly derived "from the original intercepted drawing", shows members of the Commission being harrassed by Bedouins and Mamluks while attempting to survey 'Pompey's column' in Alexandria, near where the French army disembarked on 2 July 1798. "Humour facile, qu'excuse la passion éveillée par la guerre. Plus tard, les Anglais porteront sur l'oeuvre civile de Bonaparte en Égypte une attention plus sérieuse et plus équitable" (F. Charles Roux, p. 100) Some of the savants, however, shared Gillray's view of their circumstances.

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Primary Entity

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Related Entities

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<http://viaf.org/viaf/34483869> # Pierre Méchain
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<http://viaf.org/viaf/41847810> # Constantin-François Volney
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   schema:name "Déodat de Dolomieu" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/808168609>
    a genont:InformationResource, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource ;
   schema:about <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/808168609> ; # French savants huddled together at the top of a column, while a band of Bedouin Arabs set fire to it below; exaggerating the troubled experience of the 'Commission des Sciences et des Arts' during Napoleon's invasion of Egypt.
   schema:dateModified "2016-05-11" ;
   void:inDataset <http://purl.oclc.org/dataset/WorldCat> ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

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