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From bench to board : gender differences in university scientists' participation in commercial science

Author: Waverly Ding; Fiona E S Murray; Toby E Stuart; Harvard Business School.
Publisher: [Boston] : Harvard Business School, ©2010.
Series: Working paper (Harvard Business School), 11-014.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This paper examines gender differences in the participation of university life science faculty in commercial science. Based on theory and field interviews, we develop hypotheses regarding how scientists' productivity, co-authorship networks, and institutional affiliations have different effects on whether male and female faculty become "academic entrepreneurs". We then statistically examine this framework in a  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Waverly Ding; Fiona E S Murray; Toby E Stuart; Harvard Business School.
OCLC Number: 660358088
Notes: "August 2010"--Publisher's Web site.
"July 2010"--Added title page.
Description: 45 pages ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Working paper (Harvard Business School), 11-014.
Responsibility: Waverly W. Ding, Fiona Murray, Toby E. Stuart.

Abstract:

This paper examines gender differences in the participation of university life science faculty in commercial science. Based on theory and field interviews, we develop hypotheses regarding how scientists' productivity, co-authorship networks, and institutional affiliations have different effects on whether male and female faculty become "academic entrepreneurs". We then statistically examine this framework in a national sample of 6,000 life scientists whose careers span more than 20 years. We find sharp gender differences in participation in for-profit ventures, which we measure as the likelihood of joining the scientific advisory board (SAB) of a biotechnology firm. Compared to men, women life scientists are much less likely to advise for-profit biotechnology companies. We also identify factors that contour this gender difference, including scientists' co-authorship network structure and the level of support for commercial science at their universities. Surprisingly, we find that the (conditional) gender gap is largest among faculty members at the highest status institutions.

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