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From Gutenberg to the Internet : a sourcebook on the history of information technology

Author: Jeremy M Norman
Publisher: Novato, Calif. : Historyofscience.com, 2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
From Gutenberg to the Internet presents 63 original readings from the history of computing, networking, and telecommunications arranged thematically by chapters. Most of the readings record basic discoveries from the 1830s through the 1960s that laid the foundation of the world of digital information in which we live. These readings, some of which are illustrated, trace historic steps from the early nineteenth  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Quelle
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Jeremy M Norman
ISBN: 0930405870 9780930405878
OCLC Number: 57124414
Description: xvi, 899 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Contents: Part 1. From Gutenberg's Press to the Foundations of the Internet --
Part 2. From Gutenberg to the Internet Timeline : An Annotated Chronology of Wide-Ranging Scientific, Social and Commercial Developments in the History of Information Technology from the Years 100 to 2004 --
Part 3. Human Computers --
Mental calculation : a reminiscence of the late Mr. G.P. Bidder, past-president / W. Pole --
Notes on the special development of calculating ability / W.G. Smith --
Part 4. Mechanizing the Production of Mathematical Tables --
A letter to Sir Humphrey Davy, Bart ... on the application of machinery to the purpose of calculating and printing mathematical tables / Charles Babbage --
Scheutz's calculating machine and its use in the construction of the English life table no. 3 / William Farr --
An electric tabulating system / Herman Hollerith --
The application of the Hollerith tabulating machine to Brown's tables of the moon / L.J. Comrie --
Scientific computing service limited : a description of its activities, equipment and staff / L.J. Comrie --
Part 5. The Earliest Data Networks --
Account of the Chappe optical telegraph / A.L. Ternant --
Improvement in the mode of communicating information by signals by the application of electro-magnetism / Samuel F.B. Morse --
Researches in telephony / Alexander Graham Bell --
Wireless telegraphy / Guglielmo Marconi --
"Seeing by electricity" in 1880 --
Seeing round the world : what television will mean to you / Shaw Desmond --
Part 6. Origins of the General Purpose Programmable Computer : Babbage's Analytical Engine --
Sketch of the analytical engine invented by Charles Babbage / L.F. Menabrea --
Of the analytical engine / Charles Babbage --
Automatic calculating machines / Percy E. Ludgate --
Part 7. The Theory of the Universal Machine --
On computable numbers / Alan M. Turing --
[Review of] A.M. Turing, On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem / Alonzo Church --
Letter covering the memorandum on the scope, etc., of a suggested computing machine (September 21, 1940) & memorandum on the mechanical solution of partial differential equations / Norbert Wiener --
A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity / Warren S. McCulloch and Walter Pitts --
Part 8. Logical Design and Production of the First Electronic Digital Computers --
First draft of a report on the EDVAC / John von Neumann --
Description of the ENIAC and comments on electronic digital computing machines / J. Presper Eckert [and others] --
Preliminary discussion of the logical design of an electronic computing instrument / Arthur W. Burks [and others] --
Babbage's dream comes true / L.J. Comrie --
Remarks on the realization of large memory capacity / Julian H. Bigelow [and others] --
Benchmarking the earliest electro-mechanical and electronic computers / Edmund C. Berkeley --
Whirlwind I : a high-speed electronic digital computer --
The best way to design an automatic calculating machine / Maurice V. Wilkes --
Principles of operation : Type 70 and associated equipment / International Business Machines Corporation --
Electronic numerical integrator and computer / J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly --
Cramming more components onto integrated circuits / Gordon E. Moore --
Part 9. The Origins of Computer Programming --
Solution of examples / Howard H. Aiken and Grace Hopper --
General principles of coding and flow-diagramming / Herman H. Goldstine and John von Neumann --
A tentative instruction code for a statistical EDVAC (Code C-1, April 24, 1947) & instructional code C-1 for statistical machine (EDVAC II) / Electronic Control Company --
The design of programs for electronic computing machines / Maurice V. Wilkes, David Wheeler and Stanley Gill --
The education of a computer / Grace Murray Hopper --
Automatic programming : definitions / Grace Murray Hopper --
Part 10. Early Applications of Electronic Computers --
Translation : memorandum dated July 15, 1949 / Warren Weaver --
The application of calculating machines to business and commerce / B.V. Bowden --
The computation of Fourier syntheses with a digital electronic calculating machine / J.M. Bennett and J.C. Kendrew --
Electronic business machines : a new tool for management / Richard W. Appel [and others] --
Man-computer symbiosis / J.C.R. Licklider --
On-line man-computer communication / J.C.R. Licklider and Welden E. Clark --
Sketchpad : a man-machine graphical communication system / Ivan Edward Sutherland --
Part 11. Computing and Intelligence --
The mind of mechanical man / Sir Geoffrey Jefferson --
Computing machinery and intelligence / Alan M. Turing --
Programming a computer for playing chess / Claude E. Shannon --
Computers and automata / Claude E. Shannon --
A proposal for the Dartmouth summer research project on artificial intelligence (August 31, 1955) / J. McCarthy [and others] --
Programs with common sense / John McCarthy --
Attitudes toward intelligent machines / Paul Armer --
Part 12. Communication Theory --
A symbolic analysis of relay and switching circuits / Claude E. Shannon --
A mathematical theory of communication / Claude E. Shannon --
Error detecting and error correcting codes / R.W. Hamming --
--
Part 13. Origins of the Internet --
As we may think / Vannevar Bush --
Information flow in large communication nets / Leonard Kleinrock --
Message delay in communication nets with storage / Leonard Kleinrock --
Waiting times for certain queue disciplines / Leonard Kleinrock --
The computer as a communication device / J.C.R. Licklider and Robert W. Taylor --
Multiple computer networks and intercomputer communication / Lawrence G. Roberts --
UCLA to be first station in nationwide computer network / Leonard Kleinrock --
A protocol for packet network intercommunication / Vinton G. Cerf and Robert E. Kahn.
Responsibility: edited, with an introductory essay and an annotated timeline by Jeremy M. Norman.
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Abstract:

From Gutenberg to the Internet presents 63 original readings from the history of computing, networking, and telecommunications arranged thematically by chapters. Most of the readings record basic discoveries from the 1830s through the 1960s that laid the foundation of the world of digital information in which we live. These readings, some of which are illustrated, trace historic steps from the early nineteenth century development of telegraph systems---the first data networks---through the development of the earliest general-purpose programmable computers and the earliest software, to the foundation in 1969 of ARPANET, the first national computer network that eventually became the Internet. The readings will allow you to review early developments and ideas in the history of information technology that eventually led to the convergence of computing, data networking, and telecommunications in the Internet. The editor has written a lengthy illustrated historical introduction concerning the impact of the Internet on book culture. It compares and contrasts the transition from manuscript to print initiated by Gutenberg's invention of printing by moveable type in the 15th century with the transition that began in the mid-19th century from a print-centric world to the present world in which printing co-exists with various electronic media that converged to form the Internet. He also provided a comprehensive and wide-ranging annotated timeline covering selected developments in the history of information technology from the year 100 up to 2004, and supplied introductory notes to each reading. Some introductory notes contain supplementary illustrations.

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