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|추가적인 물리적 형식:||Online version:
From machine shop to industrial laboratory.
Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, c1992
|모든 저자 / 참여자:||
|설명:||viii, 251 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.|
|내용:||1. The Rise of American Mechanical Invention --
2. Invention and the Development of the Telegraph Industry --
3. Invention and the Telegraph Technical Community --
4. The Urban Technical Community and Telegraph Design --
5. Invention and Corporate Strategies --
6. From Shop Invention to Industrial Research.
|일련 제목:||Johns Hopkins studies in the history of technology, [new ser., no. 14]|
|더 많은 정보:|
The field of telegraphy, Israel explains, offers a primary example of this transition. Although telegraphy is usually perceived as a "high-tech" industry relying on input from science, its technical development was most strongly influenced by the mechanical shop tradition that dominated American invention. As telegraphy progressed, however, growing corporate control of invention created new patterns in the telegraphic shop tradition that would, in turn, be developed more fully in the electrical industries of telephony and electric lighting.
While seeking to maintain a tradition of telegraph shop invention, corporate managers began supporting engineering and management practices that would divorce the process of invention from the workplace and foster its decline. Only as they were challenged by the new science-based research - emerging from telephone industry laboratories in the early twentieth century - did telegraph managers begin to adopt new strategies centered on the industrial laboratory. From Machine Shop to Industrial laboratory provides a case study of this fundamental shift in the pattern of American invention.
- Technology -- United States -- History.
- Telegraph -- United States -- History.
- Inventions -- United States -- History.
- Telegraphy -- History
- United States
- Télégraphe -- États-Unis.
- Télégraphe -- Histoire -- Etats-Unis.
- Recherche industrielle -- Histoire -- Etats-Unis.
- United States.