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From machine shop to industrial laboratory : telegraphy and the changing context of American invention, 1830-1920

著者: Paul Israel
出版商: Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, ©1992.
丛书: Johns Hopkins studies in the history of technology, [new ser., no. 14]
版本/格式:   图书 : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:
In the nineteenth century the central institution for the development of new technology was the machine shop. Despite the popular image of the lone inventor, most new technological breakthroughs were the result of cooperative shop invention. In From Machine Shop to Industrial Laboratory, Paul Israel shows how the rise of engineering science and the advent of scientific management transformed these early cooperative
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类型/形式: History
附加的形体格式: Online version:
Israel, Paul.
From machine shop to industrial laboratory.
Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, c1992
(OCoLC)645790983
文件类型:
所有的著者/提供者: Paul Israel
ISBN: 0801843790 9780801843792
OCLC号码: 25200620
描述: viii, 251 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
内容: 1. The Rise of American Mechanical Invention --
2. Invention and the Development of the Telegraph Industry --
3. Invention and the Telegraph Technical Community --
4. The Urban Technical Community and Telegraph Design --
5. Invention and Corporate Strategies --
6. From Shop Invention to Industrial Research.
丛书名: Johns Hopkins studies in the history of technology, [new ser., no. 14]
责任: Paul Israel.
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Discusses how the rise of engineering science and the advent of scientific management transformed early co-operative ventures into the industrial laboratories of the 20th century. The author focuses  再读一些...

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"An elegant book on how machine shop culture fostered inventive activities." -- British Journal for the History of Science

 
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schema:description"While seeking to maintain a tradition of telegraph shop invention, corporate managers began supporting engineering and management practices that would divorce the process of invention from the workplace and foster its decline. Only as they were challenged by the new science-based research - emerging from telephone industry laboratories in the early twentieth century - did telegraph managers begin to adopt new strategies centered on the industrial laboratory. From Machine Shop to Industrial laboratory provides a case study of this fundamental shift in the pattern of American invention."@en
schema:description"The field of telegraphy, Israel explains, offers a primary example of this transition. Although telegraphy is usually perceived as a "high-tech" industry relying on input from science, its technical development was most strongly influenced by the mechanical shop tradition that dominated American invention. As telegraphy progressed, however, growing corporate control of invention created new patterns in the telegraphic shop tradition that would, in turn, be developed more fully in the electrical industries of telephony and electric lighting."@en
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