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From Presumption to Prudence in Just-War Rationality

Author: Kevin Carnahan
Publisher: London : Taylor and Francis, 2017.
Series: Routledge studies in religion, 57.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"For the last several decades, the Just-War debate amongst theologians has been dominated by two accounts of moral rationality. One side assumes a presumption against harm (PAH), and the other identifies with a presumption against injustice (PAI). From Presumption to Prudence in Just-War Rationality argues that the time has come to leave behind these two viewpoints in favour of a prudentially grounded approach to  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Carnahan, Kevin.
From Presumption to Prudence in Just-War Rationality.
London : Taylor and Francis, 2017
(DLC) 2017002760
(OCoLC)975370051
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Kevin Carnahan
ISBN: 1351999451 9781351999458 9781351999441 1351999443
OCLC Number: 992537210
Description: 1 online resource (248 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: Cover; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; Introduction; 1 A parable; 2 Just-war theory and anti-theory; 2.1 Why not just-war anti-theory?; 2.2 Centralizing virtue theory and instrumentalizing deontic theory; 2.3 A theory of prudence; 3 Conflicting presumptions; 3.1 The false image of dueling presumptions; 3.2 Grounding two just-war theories; 3.3 Confounding two just-war theories; 3.4 The overlap between the PAI and PAH; 4 Where do we go from here?; Part 1 The limits of moral clarity: Against the PAI; 1 Introduction; 2 The argument from tradition. 3 Problems of authority3.1 The story of the beleaguered sovereign; 3.2 Arguments from sovereign responsibility; 3.3 The arguments from epistemic privilege; 3.4 Prudence, humility, and responsibility; 4 The problems of ends and causes; 4.1 The end of peace; 4.2 Just cause: Punishing evil; 5 The problem of "prudential" criteria; 5.1 Implications of the distinction; 5.2 The problem of prudential criteria; 5.3 The intrinsic/extrinsic distinction; 5.4 A distinction of epistemic security; 6 A note on the judgments of moralists; 7 Conclusions; Part 2 An unbearable burden: Against the PAH. 1 Introduction2 Childress's prima facie equivocation; 2.1 Prima facie king of the mountain; 3 Burdens in principle and in proof; 3.1 Burdens and standards in jurisprudence; 3.2 Why is the distinction important?; 3.3 The impact of a burden in principle against war; 3.4 The burden of proof against war; 3.5 Assessing the burden in principle; 3.6 Miller's Foot problems; 3.7 Special relationships and harm in war; 3.8 Non-innocents and negative duties; 3.9 Returning to war; 3.10 The burden of proof in war; 4 Beneficence as the assertor; 5 Some terminological problems; 6 The burden of probability. 7 The absence of virtue7.1 The vice of non-preferential pusillanimity; 7.2 The vice of progressivist irresponsibility; 8 Conclusions; Part 3 The imitation of Christ and the resort to violence; 1 Introduction; 2 On impossible ideals; 3 Establishing Paul's use of impossible ideals; 3.1 St. Paul's eschatological enthusiasm; 3.2 A Pauline realist correction; 4 The imitation of Christ as an impossible ideal; 4.1 The shape of the atoning example; 4.2 Is the example of Christ an impossible ideal?; 5 Imitation of Christ and the use of violent force; 5.1 Paul and governing authorities. 5.2 Historical precedents and context5.3 Christian prudence; 6 Conclusion; Part 4 Prudence and just-war thinking; 1 Introduction; 2 Qualifications; 3 Prudence as excellence in moral interpretation; 3.1 Perception; 3.2 Sociality; 3.3 Reflection; 3.4 Practical reasoning; 3.5 Prudence as a higher-order virtue; 4 A prudential approach to war; 4.1 The criteria as perceptual categories; 4.2 Practical just-war reasoning; 4.3 The vice of partisanship; 4.4 Attention to the particular; 5 A case study --
Gaza police and noncombatancy; 5.1 The case; 5.2 A point of contact and disagreement.
Series Title: Routledge studies in religion, 57.
Responsibility: Kevin Carnahan.

Abstract:

"For the last several decades, the Just-War debate amongst theologians has been dominated by two accounts of moral rationality. One side assumes a presumption against harm (PAH), and the other identifies with a presumption against injustice (PAI). From Presumption to Prudence in Just-War Rationality argues that the time has come to leave behind these two viewpoints in favour of a prudentially grounded approach to Just-War thinking.? In Parts 1 and 2 of the book, Kevin Carnahan offers immanent critiques of the PAI and PAH positions. In Part 3, utilising Paul's treatment of the atonement and use of the idea of the imitation of Christ, he lays out an alternative to the ways in which theologians in favour of the PAI or PAH have construed the Christian narrative. In Part 4, Carnahan then develops a neo-Aristotelian account of prudence as a higher order virtue governing the interpretation of moral reality. Drawing on this account, he explores what Just-War rationality would look like if it were prudentially grounded. The work concludes with a case study on noncombatancy in the 2011 Israeli bombardment of Gaza. This book offers a compelling new perspective on this important and pertinent subject. As such, academics and students in Religion, Theology, Philosophy, Ethics and Political Theory will all find it an invaluable resource on Just-War theory."--Provided by publisher.

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"From Presumption to Prudence in Just-War Rationality moves the debate about PAI and PAH forward in interesting ways, and assists in the process of de-centering this particular conversation to make Read more...

 
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