Michael J Klarman
|物理形態：||xii, 276 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm|
|コンテンツ：||World War II to Stonewall (1950s and 1960s) --
Stonewall to Bowers (1970s and 1980s) --
Hawaii and the "Defense of Marriage" (1990s) --
Baker (Vermont) and Lawrence (1999-2003) --
Goodridge (Massachusetts) and its backlash (2003-2008) --
The gay marriage Spring (2009) --
Backlash (Again) : Maine and Iowa (2009-2010) --
To the present --
Why backlash? Part 1 : Courts and public opinion --
Why backlash? Part 2 : Politics and federalism --
Looking to the future : the inevitability of gay marriage.
|責任者：||Michael J. Klarman.|
After looking at the treatment of gays in the decades after World War II and the birth of the modern gay rights movement with the Stonewall Rebellion in 1969, the author describes the key legal cases involving gay marriage and the dramatic political backlashes they ignited. He examines the Hawaii Supreme Court's ruling in 1993, which sparked a vast political backlash, with more than 35 states and Congress enacting defense-of-marriage acts, and the Massachusetts decision in Goodridge in 2003, which inspired more than 25 states to adopt constitutional bans on same-sex marriage. He traces this same pattern, court victory followed by dramatic backlash, through cases in Vermont, California, and Iowa, taking the story right up to the present. He also describes some of the collateral political damage caused by court decisions in favor of gay marriage, Iowa judges losing their jobs, Senator Majority Leader Tom Daschle losing his seat, and the possibly dispositive impact of gay marriage on the 2004 presidential election. But also noted are several ways in which litigation has accelerated the coming of same-sex marriage: forcing people to discuss the issue, raising the hopes and expectations of gay activists, and making other reforms like civil unions seem more moderate by comparison. In the end, the author discusses how gay marriage is likely to evolve in the future, predicts how the U.S. Supreme Court might ultimately resolve the issue, and assesses the costs and benefits of activists' pursuing social reforms such as gay marriage through the courts.
While Michael Klarmans detailed history of American legislative change is focused on the issue of gay marriage, the book touches on a cluster of issues that cannot be easily isolated. Bryan S.
- Same-sex marriage -- Law and legislation -- United States -- History.
- Gay couples -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States -- History.
- Same-sex marriage -- Law and legislation -- United States -- States.
- Civil unions -- Law and legislation -- United States.
- LAW -- Civil Rights.
- POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Public Policy -- Social Policy.
- Civil unions -- Law and legislation.
- Gay couples -- Legal status, laws, etc.
- Same-sex marriage -- Law and legislation.
- Same-sex marriage -- Law and legislation -- U.S. states.
- United States.