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From violence to moderation : al-Jama'a al-Islamiya and al-Jihad

Author: Amr Hamzawy; Sarah Grebowski; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Carnegie Middle East Center.
Publisher: Washington, DC : Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2010.
Series: Working papers (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), no. 20.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"After years of violent confrontation with the Egyptian government and society, and defeat by the country's security forces, al-Jama'a al-Islamiya and, later, segments of al-Jihad have accepted their failure to radically change society and politics, and to recognize the harm that their violent activities, formerly justified using religious concepts, have inflicted on Muslims and non-Muslims alike. These developments  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version
Hamzawy, Amr.
From violence to moderation
(OCoLC)731035432
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Amr Hamzawy; Sarah Grebowski; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Carnegie Middle East Center.
OCLC Number: 612388250
Notes: Title from PDF title page (viewed on May 7, 2010).
"April 2010."
Description: 19 p. : digital, PDF file
Details: Mode of access: Internet from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace web site. Adobe Acrobat Reader required.
Contents: Summary --
Failure to change society and politics : contextualizing Jihadi revisionism --
Revisionist ideas and views on society, state, and politics --
Accounting for the discrepancies between al-Jama'a's and al-Jihad's revisionism --
Impacts of revisionism.
Series Title: Working papers (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), no. 20.
Responsibility: Amr Hamzawy, Sarah Grebowski.

Abstract:

"After years of violent confrontation with the Egyptian government and society, and defeat by the country's security forces, al-Jama'a al-Islamiya and, later, segments of al-Jihad have accepted their failure to radically change society and politics, and to recognize the harm that their violent activities, formerly justified using religious concepts, have inflicted on Muslims and non-Muslims alike. These developments have given rise to a Jihadi revisionism that renounces violence and redefines attitudes toward the state, politics, and society. The same Islamic concepts that once were used to justify violence have been redefined to sanction and urge nonviolent social and political activism. Revisionist documents outline a careful cost-benefit analysis that effectively rules out the use of violence to achieve the groups' goals. A variety of factors prevent al-Jama'a and al-Jihad from fully implementing these reformed views, such as the Egyptian regime's refusal to allow members of either group to reintegrate into the country's political and social fabric and al-Jihad's specific challenge of disseminating revisionist ideas throughout its fragmented movement that still largely condones violence. However, Jihadi revisionism has led both groups to forego violence and shifted Egypt's Islamist spectrum toward moderation."--P. 1.

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