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Functions and selection criteria for a llama population in the Bolivian Andes

Publisher: 2010
Dissertation: Thesis / Dissertation ETD
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : eBook : English
Summary:
Bolivia accounts for more than 60% of the llama population worldwide and more than 50,000 smallholder families in marginal areas are dedicated to llama husbandry as part of their livelihood strategy. To this day, llamas substantially contribute to the economic and social life of smallholder Andean communities, providing food and fibre, fuel and transport, and fulfil other cultural, social and capital functions.  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Thesis.Doctoral
Material Type: Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource
OCLC Number: 876039613
Language Note: English
Notes: application/pdf

Abstract:

Bolivia accounts for more than 60% of the llama population worldwide and more than 50,000 smallholder families in marginal areas are dedicated to llama husbandry as part of their livelihood strategy. To this day, llamas substantially contribute to the economic and social life of smallholder Andean communities, providing food and fibre, fuel and transport, and fulfil other cultural, social and capital functions. Although this multi-purpose contribution has been widely recognised, llamas have not yet been subject to systematic breeding activities in the Andean region. For the establishment of sound and sustainable breeding programmes, it is crucial to identify the contribution of the numerous non-market traits and functions of llamas to the breeding objective. The present study was conducted within a long-term collaboration project in the Ayopaya region and aimed at evaluating the important functions, roles and traditional selection criteria of llamas, intending to contribute to formerly missing information for the formalisation of an appropriate breeding objective. Data was collected in seven highland communities of the north-western Ayopaya province in the Cochabamba department, Bolivia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 47 households in three communities. Questionnaires contained information on llama herd structure and management, animal selection and selection criteria. In addition, information from llama registers and previous research results were included for comparison and crosschecking. Verbatim noted selection criteria were evaluated by a relative weighting on an ordinal scale. A ranking approach with ten functions of llama keeping presented by illustrations was performed with 75 farmers in six communities. A rank-based t-test was applied for multiple pair-wise comparisons within ranking groups according to gender and community provenance. Between-group comparison was performed by non-parametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test. A choice experiment (CE) was

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Primary Entity

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