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Funding scientific knowledge : selection, disclosure and the public-private portfolio

ผู้แต่ง: Joshua Gans; Fiona E S Murray; National Bureau of Economic Research.
สำนักพิมพ์: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2011.
ชุด: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 16980.
ครั้งที่พิมพ์/รูปแบบ:   หนังสืออีเล็กทรอนิกส์ : เอกสาร : ภาษาอังกฤษดูครั้งที่พิมพ์และรูปแบบ
ฐานข้อมูล:WorldCat
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This paper examines argues that while two distinct perspectives characterize the foundations of the public funding of research -- filling a selection gap and solving a disclosure problem -- in fact both the selection choices of public funders and their criteria for disclosure and commercialization shape the level and type of funding for research and the disclosures that arise as a consequence. In making our  อ่านมากขึ้น…
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รูปแบบทางกายภาพเพิ่มเติม Print version:
Gans, Joshua, 1968-
Funding scientific knowledge.
Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2011
(DLC) 2011657196
ขนิดวัสดุ: เอกสาร, ทรัพยากรอินแทอร์เน็ต
ประเภทของเอกสาร: แหล่งข้อมูลอินเทอร์เน็ต, ไฟล์คอมพิวเตอร์
ผู้แต่งทั้งหมด : ผู้แต่งร่วม Joshua Gans; Fiona E S Murray; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 719368883
คำอธิบาย: 1 online resource (69 pages) : illustrations.
ชื่อชุด: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 16980.
ความรับผิดชอบ: Joshua Gans, Fiona E. Murray.

บทคัดย่อ:

This paper examines argues that while two distinct perspectives characterize the foundations of the public funding of research -- filling a selection gap and solving a disclosure problem -- in fact both the selection choices of public funders and their criteria for disclosure and commercialization shape the level and type of funding for research and the disclosures that arise as a consequence. In making our argument, we begin by reviewing project selection criteria and policies towards disclosure and commercialization (including patent rights) made by major funding organizations, noting the great variation between these institutions. We then provide a model of how selection criteria and funding conditions imposed by funders interact with the preferences of scientists to shape those projects that accept public funds and the overall level of openness in research. Our analysis reveals complex and unexpected relationships between public funding, private funding, and public disclosure of research. We show, for example, that funding choices made by public agencies can lead to unintended, paradoxical effects, providing short-term openness while stifling longer-term innovation. Implications for empirical evaluation and an agenda for future research are discussed.

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