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Geochemistry

Author: William M White
Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex ; Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistry. The book first lays out the 'geochemical toolbox': the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics and kinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basic concepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueous systems and the behavior of trace elements in
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
White, William M., 1948-
Geochemistry.
Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2013
(DLC) 2012033653
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: William M White
ISBN: 9781118485279 1118485270 9781118485255 1118485254 9781118485262 1118485262 0470656670 9780470656679 9780470656686 0470656689 9781299964389 1299964389
OCLC Number: 819741928
Notes: Machine generated contents note: Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Energy, Entropy and Fundamental Thermodynamic Concepts Chapter 3: Solutions and Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Systems Chapter 4: Applications of Thermodynamics to the Earth Chapter 5: Kinetics: The Pace of Things Chapter 6: Aquatic Chemistry Chapter 7. Trace Elements in Igneous Processes Chapter 8: Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry Chapter 9: Stable Isotope Geochemistry Chapter 10: The Big Picture: Cosmochemistry Chapter 11: Geochemistry of the Solid Earth Chapter 12: Organic Geochemistry, the Carbon Cycle, and Climate Appendix Index.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Cover; Title page; Copyright page; Contents; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1 Geochemistry; 1.2 This Book; 1.3 The Philosophy of Science; 1.3.1 Building scientific understanding; 1.3.2 The scientist as skeptic; 1.4 Elements, Atoms, and Chemical Bonds: Some Chemical Fundamentals; 1.4.1 The periodic table; 1.4.2 Electrons and orbits; 1.4.3 Some chemical properties of the elements; 1.4.4 Chemical bonding; 1.5 A Brief Look at the Earth; 1.5.1 Structure of the Earth; 1.5.2 Plate tectonics and the hydrologic cycle; 1.5.3 Earth materials; References and Suggestions for Further Reading. Chapter 2: Energy, entropy and fundamental thermodynamic concepts2.1 The Thermodynamic Perspective; 2.2 Thermodynamic Systems and Equilibrium; 2.2.1 Fundamental thermodynamic variables; 2.3 Equations of State; 2.3.1 Ideal gas law; 2.3.2 Equations of state for real gases; 2.3.3 Equation of state for other substances; 2.4 Temperature, Absolute Zero, and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics; 2.5 Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics; 2.5.1 Energy; 2.5.2 Work; 2.5.3 Path independence, exact differentials, state functions, and the first law; 2.6 The Second Law and Entropy; 2.6.1 Statement. 2.6.2 Statistical mechanics: a microscopic perspective of entropy2.6.3 Integrating factors and exact differentials; 2.7 Enthalpy; 2.8 Heat Capacity; 2.8.1 Constant volume heat capacity; 2.8.2 Constant pressure heat capacity; 2.8.3 Energy associated with volume and the relationship between Cv and Cp; 2.8.4 Heat capacity of solids: a problem in quantum physics; 2.8.5 Relationship of entropy to other state variables; 2.8.6 Additive nature of silicate heat capacities; 2.9 The Third Law and Absolute Entropy; 2.9.1 Statement of the third law; 2.9.2 Absolute entropy. 2.10 Calculating Enthalpy and Entropy Changes2.10.1 Enthalpy changes due to changes in temperature and pressure; 2.10.2 Changes in enthalpy due to reactions and change of state; 2.10.3 Entropies of reaction; 2.11 Free Energy; 2.11.1 Helmholtz free energy; 2.11.2 Gibbs free energy; 2.11.3 Criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity; 2.11.4 Temperature and pressure dependence of the Gibbs free energy; 2.12 The Maxwell Relations; References and Suggestions for Further Reading; Problems; Chapter 3: Solutions and thermodynamics of multicomponent systems; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Phase Equilibria. 3.2.1 Some definitions3.2.2 The Gibbs phase rule; 3.2.3 The Clapeyron equation; 3.3 Solutions; 3.3.1 Raoult's Law; 3.3.2 Henry's Law; 3.4 Chemical Potential; 3.4.1 Partial molar quantities; 3.4.2 Definition of chemical potential and relationship to Gibbs free energy; 3.4.3 Properties of the chemical potential; 3.4.4 The Gibbs-Duhem relation; 3.4.5 Derivation of the phase rule; 3.5 Ideal Solutions; 3.5.1 Chemical potential in ideal solutions; 3.5.2 Volume, enthalpy, entropy, and free energy changes in ideal solutions; 3.6 Real Solutions; 3.6.1 Chemical potential in real solutions.
Responsibility: William M. White.
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Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistryFirst section lays out the geochemical toolbox : the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistrySecond section uses  Read more...

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The book would also serve well as a complete geochemistry reference book for an introductory class for those students wanting extensive equations and more detailed technical explanations. (The Read more...

 
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