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## Details

Genre/Form: | manuel [manuel] |
---|---|

Document Type: | Book |

All Authors / Contributors: |
Donald Lawson Turcotte; Gerald Schubert |

ISBN: | 0521661862 9780521661867 |

OCLC Number: | 469426397 |

Notes: | Notes bibliogr. en fin de chapitre. Index. |

Description: | XIII-456 p. : ill. ; 26 cm |

Contents: | 1. Plate Tectonics -- The Lithosphere -- Accreting Plate Boundaries -- Subduction -- Transform Faults -- Hotspots and Mantle Plumes -- Continents -- Paleomagnetism and the Motion of the Plates -- Triple Junctions -- The Wilson Cycle -- Continental Collisions -- Volcanism and Heat Flow -- Seismicity and the State of Stress in the Lithosphere -- The Driving Mechanism -- Comparative Planetology -- The Moon -- Mercury -- Mars -- Phobos and Deimos -- Venus -- The Galilean Satellites -- 2. Stress and Strain in Solids -- Body Forces and Surface Forces -- Stress in Two Dimensions -- Stress in Three Dimensions -- Pressures in the Deep Interiors of Planets -- Stress Measurement -- Basic Ideas about Strain -- Strain Measurements -- 3. Elasticity and Flexure -- Linear Elasticity -- Uniaxial Stress -- Uniaxial Strain -- Plane Stress -- Plane Strain -- Pure Shear and Simple Shear -- Isotropic Stress -- Two-Dimensional Bending or Flexure of Plates -- Bending of Plates under Applied Moments and Vertical Loads -- Buckling of a Plate under a Horizontal Load -- Deformation of Strata Overlying an Igneous Intrusion -- Application to the Earth's Lithosphere -- Periodic Loading -- Stability of the Earth's Lithosphere under an End Load -- Bending of the Elastic Lithosphere under the Loads of Island Chains -- Bending of the Elastic Lithosphere at an Ocean Trench -- Flexure and the Structure of Sedimentary Basins -- 4. Heat Transfer -- Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction -- Measuring the Earth's Surface Heat Flux -- The Earth's Surface Heat Flow -- Heat Generation by the Decay of Radioactive Elements -- One-Dimensional Steady Heat Conduction with Volumetric Heat Production -- A Conduction Temperature Profile for the Mantle -- Continental Geotherms -- Radial Heat Conduction in a Sphere or Spherical Shell -- Temperatures in the Moon -- Steady Two- and Three-Dimensional Heat Conduction -- Subsurface Temperature Due to Periodic Surface Temperature and Topography -- One-Dimensional, Time-Dependent Heat Conduction -- Periodic Heating of a Semi-Infinite Half-Space: Diurnal and Seasonal Changes in Subsurface Temperature -- Instantaneous Heating or Cooling of a Semi-Infinite Half-Space -- Cooling of the Oceanic Lithosphere -- Plate Cooling Model of the Lithosphere -- The Stefan Problem -- Solidification of a Dike or Sill -- The Heat Conduction Equation in a Moving Medium: Thermal Effects of Erosion and Sedimentation -- One-Dimensional, Unsteady Heat Conduction in an Infinite Region -- Thermal Stresses -- Ocean Floor Topography -- Changes in Sea Level -- Thermal and Subsidence History of Sedimentary Basins -- Heating or Cooling a Semi-Infinite Half-Space by a Constant Surface Heat Flux -- Frictional Heating on Faults: Island Arc Volcanism and Melting on the Surface of the Descending Slab -- Mantle Geotherms and Adiabats -- Thermal Structure of the Subducted Lithosphere -- Culling Model for the Erosion and Deposition of Sediments -- 5. Gravity -- Gravitational Acceleration External to the Rotationally Distorted Earth -- Centrifugal Acceleration and the Acceleration of Gravity -- The Gravitational Potential and the Geoid -- Moments of Inertia -- Surface Gravity Anomalies -- Bouguer Gravity Formula -- Reductions of Gravity Data -- Compensation -- The Gravity Field of a Periodic Mass Distribution on a Surface -- Compensation Due to Lithospheric Flexure -- Isostatic Geoid Anomalies -- Compensation Models and Observed Geoid Anomalies -- Forces Required to Maintain Topography and the Geoid -- 6. Fluid Mechanics -- One-Dimensional Channel Flows -- Asthenospheric Counterflow -- Pipe Flow -- Artesian Aquifer Flows -- Flow Through Volcanic Pipes -- Conservation of Fluid in Two Dimensions -- Elemental Force Balance in Two Dimensions -- The Stream Function -- Postglacial Rebound -- Angle of Subduction -- Diapirism -- Folding -- Stokes Flow -- Plume Heads and Tails -- Pipe Flow with Heat Addition -- Aquifer Model for Hot Springs -- Thermal Convection -- Linear Stability Analysis for the Onset of Thermal Convection in a Layer of Fluid Heated from Below -- A Transient Boundary-Layer Theory for Finite-Amplitude Thermal Convection -- A Steady-State Boundary-Layer Theory for Finite-Amplitude Thermal Convection -- The Forces that Drive Plate Tectonics -- Heating by Viscous Dissipation -- Mantle Recycling and Mixing -- 7. Rock Rheology -- Elasticity -- Diffusion Creep -- Dislocation Creep -- Shear Flows of Fluids with Temperature- and Stress-Dependent Rheologies -- Mantle Rheology -- Rheological Effects on Mantle Convection -- Mantle Convection and the Cooling of the Earth -- Crustal Rheology -- Viscoelasticity -- Elastic-Perfectly Plastic Behavior -- 8. Faulting -- Classification of Faults -- Friction on Faults -- Anderson Theory of Faulting -- Strength Envelope -- Thrust Sheets and Gravity Sliding -- Earthquakes -- San Andreas Fault -- North Anatolian Fault -- Some Elastic Solutions for Strike-Slip Faulting -- Stress Diffusion -- Thermally Activated Creep on Faults -- 9. Flows in Porous Media -- Darcy's Law -- Permeability Models -- Flow in Confined Aquifers -- Flow in Unconfined Aquifers -- Geometrical Form of Volcanoes -- Equations of Conservation of Mass, Momentum, and Energy for Flow in Porous Media -- One-Dimensional Advection of Heat in a Porous Medium -- Thermal Convection in a Porous Layer -- Thermal Plumes in Fluid-Saturated Porous Media -- Porous Flow Model for Magma Migration -- Two-Phase Convection -- 10. Chemical Geodynamics -- Radioactivity and Geochronology -- Geochemical Reservoirs -- A Two-Reservoir Model with Instantaneous Crustal Differentiation -- Noble Gas Systems -- Isotope Systematics of OIB. |

Responsibility: | Donald L. Turcotte ..., Gerald Schubert. |

More information: |

## Reviews

*Editorial reviews*

Publisher Synopsis

'It is immensely gratifying that Turcotte and Schubert have prepared this update of their classic textbook, which has been required reading for solid-earth graduate students here at Princeton for the past two decades. The exquisite clarity of exposition and the perfectly balanced level of mathematical and physical sophistication are maintained in this second edition, which differs by about ten percent from the original. The authors attribute this high degree of conservation to the fact that the book 'deals with fundamental physical processes that do not change'; however, I consider it to be a consequence of their impeccable choice of topics.' Tony Dahlen, Princeton University '... the long awaited revision of Don Turcotte and Jerry Schubert's classic book on the fundamental physical processes that underlie geological phenomena. The second edition brings the subject up-to-date with discussions on satellite observations of surface strain and planetary morphology, thermal cooling models for the lithosphere, and chemical mantle dynamics. The result is a definitive work of impressive breadth that will be of great interest to researchers and students alike.' Anthony B. Watts, University of Oxford 'A welcome revision of a classic text. Twenty years have elapsed between the first and this second edition, but only relatively minor revisions and additions have been necessary; testimony to the rigor and comprehensive coverage of the original text. The main changes cover recent advances in comparative planetology, space geodesy, mantle plumes and mantle convection in general, and the way in which geochemical data can help in illuminating geodynamic processes. Now in paperback, and at an affordable price, this text will be an essential buy for all senior undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers studying the physics of solid Earth processes.' Professor Fred J. Vine, University of East Anglia 'For the past 20 years, Geodynamics by Turcotte and Schubert has served as the primary textbook in the field. The book offers a deterministic view of geodynamics based on first principles and thus is served as both a textbook and a reference book. The second edition is a welcome replacement for my worn-out copy and I expect that it will remain the premier textbook for years to come.' David T. Sandwell, University of California 'Update of classic graduate textbook on the fundamental physical processes that propel geological change. Includes up-to-date discussions on satellite observations, planetary morphology, thermal cooling and chemical mantle dynamics.' Lunar and Planetary Information Bulletin ' ... particularly applicable for teaching purposes as it presents material with a minimum mathematical complexity. ... This second edition is particularly important as it presents a number of new ideas and concepts that have evolved since the first edition was published.' International Journal of Geosciences ' ... the second edition of Geodynamics, like its predecessor, stand alone in its ability to link basic theory and geologic observation, Geodynamics should continue to benefit new generations of Earth scientists and students for decades to come.' EOS 'The classic textbook by Turcotte and Schubert should be found in the library of every earth scientist. This second edition book contains additional information and chapters not found in the first edition. The variety of topics presented quite extensively and with such detailed mathematics is amazing.' Episodes 'The second edition retains everything that made the first edition a success, and adds some new material, including updates on the terrestrial planets and a chapter on chemical tracers in geodynamical processes. Cambridge University Press has succeeded in making this second edition a more attractive volume than the first, and its soft cover and simple, uncluttered format helps keep its price reasonable, an important consideration for its target audience of students worldwide.' Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics '... a very useful update to what has become a classic text.' Geological Journal Read more...

*User-contributed reviews*