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Geomorphological hazards and disaster prevention

Author: Irasema Alcántara; Andrew Goudie
Publisher: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Human activities have had a huge impact on the environment and landscape, through industrialization and land-use change, leading to climate change, deforestation, desertification, land degradation, air and water pollution. These impacts are strongly linked to the occurrence of geomorphological hazards, such as floods, landslides, snow avalanches, soil erosion, and others. Geomorphological work includes not only the  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Irasema Alcántara; Andrew Goudie
ISBN: 9780521769259 0521769256
OCLC Number: 449827391
Description: xi, 291 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm
Contents: 1. Introduction / Andrew S. Goudie --
Part I: Processes. --
2. Regional seismic shaking hazards in mountains / William B. Bull. Introduction --
Lichenometry site characteristics --
Regional sesimic shaking --
Conclusions --
3. Volcanic hazards and risks : a geomorphological perspective / Jean-Claude Thouret --
Introduction --
Direct volcanic hazards around active volcanoes --
Indirect volcanic hazards and geomorphic impact --
Post-eruption geomorphic impacts and respones --
Long-term geomorphic hazards around inactive volcanoes --
Methods and goals of volcano hazard and risk assessment --
Concluding remarks and perspectives --
4. Mountain hazards / Olav Slaymaker --
Introduction to mountain geomorphic hazards --
Site scale --
Drainage basin scale --
Global scale --
Conclusion in light of accelerating environmental change --
Conclusions--
5. Review and future challenges in snow avalanche risk analysis / Michael Bründl, Perry Bartelt, Jürg Schweizer, Margreth Keiler and Thomas Glade --
Background --
Review and recent trends in hazard analysis --
Change in avalanche risk, influence of different risk factors --
Conclusions: where to go from here; future challenges --
6. Landslide hazards / David Petley --
Introduction --
Landslide causes and triggers --
The role of geomorphology in landslide hazard management --
Terrain mapping --
Susceptibility analysis --
Hazard and stability analyses --
Monitoring, behaviour prediction and warning systems --
Secondary hazards and sediment production --
Conclusions --
7. Catastrophic landslides and sedimentary budgets / Monique Fort, Etienne Cossart and Gilles Arnaud-Fassetta --
Catastrophic landslides: definition, modes of emplacement and geomorphic significance --
Geomorphic impacts of catastrophic landslides --
Forecasting and preventing --
Conclusions --
8. Landslides and climatic change / Lisa Borgatti and Mauro Soldati --
Introduction --
Conceptual framework --
Landslides and climate: state of the art --
Conclusions: landslides in a changing environment, issues and perspectives --
9. The hazardousness of high-magnitude floods / Avijit Gupta --
Introduction --
Flood climate --
Non-meteorological floods --
Flood physiology --
Floods and geographical locations --
Water and sediment transfer in floods --
Source-to-sink passage of a flood --
Types of flood hazard and their location --
Conclusions: flood hazards and climate change. 10. Flood hazards : the context of fluvial geomorphology / Gerardo Benito and Paul F. Hudson --
Introduction --
Fluvial geomorphology in flood hazard assessment --
Flood hazards in the context of global climate change --
Geomorphological adjustment to flood management --
Flood hazard management: an integrated approach --
Conclusions --11. Geomorphology and coastal hazards / Harley J. Walker and Molly McGraw --
Introduction --
Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsumani --
Landslides --
Meterological events and coastal disaster --
Other coastal hazards/disasters --
Conclusions--
12. Weathering hazards / Andrew S. Goudie and Heather Viles --
Introduction --
Salt weathering --
Changing dimensions of the salt weathering hazard --
Atmospheric pollution and weathering --
Changing dimensions of the air pollution-induced weathering hazard --
Fire, lightning and thermal fatigue --
Mitigation --
Conclusions --
13. Hazards associated with karst / Francisco Gutiérrez --
Introduction: why are hazards associated with karst important? --
Sinkhole hazard --
Other hazards associated with karst --
Conclusions --
14. Soil erosion / Andrew S. Goudie and John Boardman --
Introduction: the nature of the problem --
Forms of erosion --
Rates of erosion: natural and anthropogenic --
Assessment of current erosion --
Consequences of erosion --
Causation: soil erosion associated with deforestation and agriculture --
Soil erosion produced by fire --
Soil erosion associated with construction and urbanization --
Humans or nature? --
Soil erosion by wind --
Global hotspots of erosion --
Soil conservation: water erosion --
Soil conservation : wind erosion --
Conclusion --
15. Desertification and land degradation in arid and semi-arid regions / Yang Xiaoping --
Introduction --
Regional-scale hazards and causes --
Global-scale hazards --
Conclusions --
16. Dune migration and encroachment / Andrew S. Goudie --
Introduction --
Methods of study --
Rates of dune movement --
Control --
Conclusions. Part II: Processes and applications of geomorphology to risk assessment and management. --
17. GIS for the assessment of risk from geomorphological hazards / Cees J. van Westen --
Introduction --
Spatial data requirements for risk assessment --
Hazard assessment --
Vulnerability and risk assessment --
Risk management --
Conclusions --
18. Hazard assessment for risk analysis and risk management / Michael Crozier and Thomas Glade --
Approach --
Basic concepts and issues --
The contribution of geomorphology to hazard assessment --
Conclusions and perspectives --
19. Vulnerability analysis in geomorphic risk assessment / Gabi Hufschmidt and Thomas Glade --
Rationale --
Different vulnerability approaches towards risk reduction --
Science and technology --
The human ecology approach --
Vulnerability and the applied sciences --
Vulnerability and the structuralist paradigm --
Summary and perspectives --
20. Geomorphological hazards and global climate change / Andrew S. Goudie --
Introduction --
Coastal hazards --
Hydrological hazards --
Mass movement and soil erosion hazards --
Glacial and permafrost hazards --
Aeolian hazards --
Conclusions --
21. Geomorphic hazards and sustainable development / David Higgitt --
Introduction --
Challenges to the dominant paradigm of natural hazards --
Vulnerability and resilience: Asian earthquakes --
Geomorphology, hazards and sustainability --
Flood hazards in Southeast Asia: links with sustainable management --
Conclusions--
22. Geomorphology and disaster prevention / Irasema Alcántara-Ayala --
Geomorphological hazards --
Disasters: the international framework --
1900-2000: beyond a century of disasters --
Geomorphology: a brief account of contributing research, methodologies and techniques --
Conclusions: the future agenda --
23. Geomorphology and the international agenda : concluding remarks / Irasema Alcántara-Ayala.
Responsibility: [edited by] Irasema Alcántara-Ayala, Andrew S. Goudie.
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Abstract:

A state-of-the-art assessment of how geomorphology contributes to the comprehension, mapping and modelling of hazardous Earth surface processes.  Read more...

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