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Gewerkschaften in Indonesien
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Gewerkschaften in Indonesien

Author: Eva-Maria Garang-Schaarschmidt
Edition/Format: Article Article : German
Publication:Verfassung und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America, v15 n3 (19820101): 333-349
Summary:
The development of the Indonesian trade union movement is connected with the people's fight for independence from Dutch colonialism. This fight united the diverging forces, of which Islam and communism, both strongly amalgated with nationalism, have been the main ones, at least at times, whereas after independence having been reached, a variety of trade unions and union federations were formed. Before 1965 - the PKI  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Eva-Maria Garang-Schaarschmidt
ISSN:0506-7286
Language Note: German
Unique Identifier: 5797873960
Awards:

Abstract:

The development of the Indonesian trade union movement is connected with the people's fight for independence from Dutch colonialism. This fight united the diverging forces, of which Islam and communism, both strongly amalgated with nationalism, have been the main ones, at least at times, whereas after independence having been reached, a variety of trade unions and union federations were formed. Before 1965 - the PKI dominated federation SOBSI with a membership of about 60 % of all organized workers - the Islam orientated federation GASBIINDO, - the PNI dominated KBKI have been the most important ones among hundreds of registered unions and union federations. But military had also already as early as 1961 tried to take part in the trade union movement. The cleavage between Islam and Communism could not be overcome even during Guided Democracy; while communism allied itself with nationalism, Islam began to strengthen its position in associating with military. Although SOBSI has not been involved in the Coup d'Etat of 1965, it has been prohibited, many of its members have been prosecuted, killed or jailed. The technocratically oriented »new order« government under Suharto enforced trials already initiated under »old order« government of Sukarno to reduce the variety of existing trade unions to one centralized federation with a structure along industrial lines. After several failures, GASBIINDO acted as initiator of the 1975 founded FBSI - Federasi Buruh Seluruh Indonesia (All Indonesian Trade Union Federation). In its structure it follows the model of the German Federation DGB, in its program the Pancasila (Five-Principles) ideology once created by Sukarno; i.e. in respect to labour problems Five Tasks, Five Principles, including cooperation with government and entrepreneurs instead of fighting for better conditions of the organized workers. Althouhg structure and programme of FBSI are declaredly democratic in practice this federation under leadership of Agus Sudono, former leader of GASBIINDO, is not an organization by the workers for the workers but in fact a government lead institution lakking, consequently, any mass backing.

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