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Global resources and the environment

Author: Chadwick Dearing Oliver; Fatma Arf Oliver
Publisher: Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In the past few decades, sustainability of natural resources and the social and environmental issues that surround them have become increasingly topical. This multidisciplinary book discusses the complex relationships between society, natural resources and the environment. Major resources including water, agriculture, energy, minerals and forests are considered, as well as different facets of the environment  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Chadwick Dearing Oliver; Fatma Arf Oliver
ISBN: 9781107172937 1107172934 9781316625415 1316625419
OCLC Number: 1010996554
Description: xxv, 512 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 25 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1.Introduction --
1.1.Resources, Environment, and People --
1.2.Focus of the Book --
1.3.Recurrent Themes --
1.4.Socioenvironmental Systems --
1.5.Spatial and Temporal Scales --
1.6.Organization of the Book --
References --
2.A Perspective on Dynamic Systems --
2.1.Systems Theory and Complexity --
2.2.Some Terminology of Complex Systems --
2.3.A Conceptual Scheme of Complex Systems --
2.4.Modeling --
2.5.Hierarchies and Networks --
References --
3.Change, Sustainability, and Related Concepts --
3.1.Change --
3.2.Sustainability --
3.3.Resilience, Tipping Points, and Regime Shifts --
3.4.Case Studies --
3.5.Frameworks --
3.6.Management --
References --
4.How People Communicate and Interact --
4.1.Human Settlements, Communication, Interactions --
4.2.Communication Technologies --
4.3.Transportation --
4.4.Population Concentrations and Amenities --
4.5.Population Densities and Dwellings --
References --
5.People, Societies, Populations, and Changes Note continued: 5.1.Human Development and the Current Situation --
5.2.Urban and Rural Changes --
5.3.Economic Development and Social Changes --
5.4.Fertility Rates and Population Changes --
5.5.Future World Population --
References --
6.Influences on Human Well-Being and Cultures, Societies, and Technologies --
6.1.Measures of Social Development/Well-Being --
6.2.Comparisons of Four Measures of Well-Being --
6.3.Factors Related to Social Development and Well-Being --
6.4.Cultures, Groupthink, Mental Models, Societies, and Institutions --
6.5.Social and Technological Changes --
References --
7.Global Distribution of Climates --
7.1.Distribution of Climates and Vegetation --
7.2.Energy and Heating of the Earth --
7.3.Air Movement and the Atmosphere --
7.4.Prevailing Winds, Evaporation, and Precipitation --
7.5.Oceans, Currents, and Climates --
7.6.Earth's Tilt and Seasons --
7.7.Other Climate Behaviors --
References --
8.Greenhouse Gases, Atmosphere, and Climates Note continued: 8.1.Layers and Composition of the Atmosphere --
8.2.Carbon Dioxide --
8.3.Other Greenhouse Gases --
8.4.Heating the Atmosphere --
References --
9.Past and Future Climate Changes --
9.1.Long-Term Climate History --
9.2.Ice Ages and Glaciers --
9.3.Milankovitch Cycles and Glaciation --
9.4.Shorter Climate Fluctuations --
9.5.Future Climate Scenarios --
9.6.Managing Climate Changes --
References --
10.Landforms and Soils --
10.1.Distribution, Soils, and Management --
10.2.Soil Properties and Variations --
10.3.Soil Chemical Composition and Development --
10.4.Distribution of Landforms --
10.5.Managing Landforms --
References --
11.Bedrock Landforms --
11.1.Weathered Shield Bedrock --
11.2.Recent Igneous and Old Metamorphic Bedrock --
11.3.Recent Metamorphic and Old Sedimentary Bedrock --
11.4.Large Basalt Flow Bedrock --
11.5.Karst Landforms --
11.6.Mountains --
References --
12.Landforms of Transported Materials --
12.1.Volcanic Ash and Tuff Note continued: 12.2.Sand Dunes --
12.3.Loess --
12.4.Alluvial Floodplains --
12.5.Coastal Plains --
12.6.Glaciated Areas --
12.7.Bogs --
12.8.Permafrost --
12.9.Wetlands --
References --
13.Biodiversity: Individual Species --
13.1.Biodiversity Overview --
13.2.Classifications and Variations of Organisms --
13.3.Niche, Food Web, Island Biogeography --
13.4.Species Pump, Carrying Capacity, Exotics --
13.5.Plant, Animal, and Microbial Behaviors --
References --
14.Biodiversity: Communities and Landscapes --
14.1.Ecosystems and a Paradigm Shift --
14.2.Plant Community Dynamics --
14.3.Emergent Patterns: Plant Community Structures --
14.4.Animals' Habitats, Movements, and Behaviors --
14.5.Landscapes of Multiple Plant Communities --
14.6.Species Movements with Climate Change --
References --
15.Robust and Threatened Communities and Species --
15.1.Coarse Filter Conservation --
15.2.Floristic Realms --
15.3.Vegetation, Land Covers, Biodiversity Hotspots Note continued: 15.4.Fine Filter Conservation --
References --
16.Managing Biodiversity --
16.1.People's Effects on Biodiversity --
16.2.Approaches to Promoting Biodiversity --
16.3.Policies for Promoting Biodiversity --
16.4.Activities to Promote Biodiversity --
References --
17.Hydrologic Cycle --
17.1.Distribution and Properties of Water --
17.2.Hydrologic Cycle --
17.3.Saltwater and Atmospheric Water Stocks --
17.4.Surface Terrestrial Water Stocks --
17.5.Below-Surface Terrestrial Water Stocks --
17.6.Water Flows --
References --
18.Annual Hydrographs and Water Use --
18.1.Patterns of Water Flow --
18.2.Transboundary Water Use and Conflict --
18.3.Water Use, Land Use, and Water Flow --
18.4.Protection from Water --
References --
19.Managing and Mitigating Hydrologic Systems --
19.1.Changing the Hydrologic Systems --
19.2.Aquifers --
19.3.Surface Waters --
19.4.Conserving Existing Water --
19.5.Obtaining More Water Sustainably --
References Note continued: 20.Food Groups and Nutrition --
20.1.Agriculture, Food, and Nutrients --
20.2.Food Groups, Nutrients, and Consumption --
20.3.Physiology of Food Synthesis --
20.4.Plant Food Groups and Production --
20.5.Animal Food Groups and Production --
20.6.Human Food Requirements --
20.7.Nonfood Agriculture Commodities --
References --
21.Agriculture and the Green Revolution --
21.1.Development of Agriculture and Associated Technologies --
21.2.Growth and Use Efficiency of Crops --
21.3.Energy Consumption in Agriculture --
21.4.Plowing, Irrigation, and Chemicals --
21.5.Other Activities --
References --
22.Future Agriculture Production and Distribution --
22.1.Global Distribution of Agriculture Land --
22.2.Hunger and Food Shortages --
22.3.Food Distribution --
22.4.Food Production --
22.5.Options: Intensive, Organic, Range, Pen --
References --
23.Energy Sources, the Energy Cycle, Exergy --
23.1.Defining and Measuring Energy --
23.2.Potential and Kinetic Energy Note continued: 23.3.Electricity and Exergy: Energy Quality --
23.4.Energy Cycle into and out of the Earth --
23.5.Energy Flows Within the Earth --
References --
24.Conserving Energy and Renewable Energy --
24.1.Human Use of Energy --
24.2.Future Energy Infrastructures --
24.3.Emerging Renewable Technologies --
24.4.Energy Conversion, Transport, and Storage --
24.5.Avoiding Energy Use --
24.6.World's Energy Uses --
References --
25.Future Energy: Reducing Fossil Fuel Use --
25.1.Issues Generated by Fossil Fuels --
25.2.Recent Trends in Energy Sources --
25.3.Scenario to Reduce Fossil Fuel Use --
25.4.Other Emerging Issues with Fossil Fuels --
25.5.Renewable Energy as Economic Stimuli --
References --
26.Rocks and Mineral Properties, Mining --
26.1.The Earth's Mineral Composition --
26.2.Metal and Nonmetal Elements --
26.3.Mineral Chemical Structures --
26.4.Minerals and Elements Within --
26.5.Mineral Formation and Concentration Systems --
26.6.Mining Note continued: References --
27.Rocks and Minerals: Production, Use, Distribution --
27.1.Volumes of Minerals Produced --
27.2.Locations of Minerals --
27.3.Forms and Uses of Minerals --
27.4.Mineral Production --
27.5.Sustaining Mineral Systems --
References --
28.Forest Commodity and Non-Commodity Values --
28.1.An Underused Resource --
28.2.Forest Values and Stand Structures --
28.3.Non-Commodity Values --
28.4.Non-Timber Forest Products --
28.5.Timber Products --
References --
29.Forest Distribution, Area, and Volume Changes --
29.1.Forest Area and Timber Volume --
29.2.Forest Ownership --
29.3.Area and Volume Changes --
29.4.Forest Employment --
References --
30.Silviculture, Forest Degradation, Landscape Management --
30.1.Background and Sustained Yield --
30.2.Silviculture Systems, Pathways, and Operations --
30.3.Forest Degradation --
30.4.Landscape Management and Sustainability --
30.5.Broad Temporal and Spatial Scales and Land Use Note continued: 30.6.Agro-Forestry and Intensive Plantations --
30.7.Enhancing Biodiversity and Rural Employment --
References --
31.Integrating the Environment, Resources, and People --
31.1.Managing Dynamic Socioenvironmental Systems --
31.2.Future Climate Scenarios --
31.3.Population Changes --
31.4.Constructing Infrastructures --
31.5.Biodiversity --
31.6.The Resources --
References.
Responsibility: Chadwick Dearing Oliver, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University and Fatma Arf Oliver, Engineer, retired from The Boeing Company, Seattle.

Abstract:

An illustrated overview of the sustainability of natural resources and the social and environmental issues surrounding their distribution and demand.  Read more...

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    schema:description ""In the past few decades, sustainability of natural resources and the social and environmental issues that surround them have become increasingly topical. This multidisciplinary book discusses the complex relationships between society, natural resources and the environment. Major resources including water, agriculture, energy, minerals and forests are considered, as well as different facets of the environment including climate, landforms and biodiversity. Each resource is discussed in the context of both environmental and socio-economic factors affecting their present and future distribution and demand. Presenting a balanced, comprehensive overview of the issues surrounding natural resources and sustainability, this accessible volume will be of interest to policy makers, resource managers, graduate students and researchers in the natural and social sciences. Makes predictions for the future of resources with an overall positive outlook, describing how potential pitfalls for sustainability are surmountable with the appropriate measures; Gives a holistic view of environmental and resource issues, allowing readers to understand the dynamics between society, resources and the environment; Takes a broad multidisciplinary approach, compiling information and data from multiple disciplines in a single reference" -- From the publisher."@en ;
    schema:description "Note continued: 12.2.Sand Dunes -- 12.3.Loess -- 12.4.Alluvial Floodplains -- 12.5.Coastal Plains -- 12.6.Glaciated Areas -- 12.7.Bogs -- 12.8.Permafrost -- 12.9.Wetlands -- References -- 13.Biodiversity: Individual Species -- 13.1.Biodiversity Overview -- 13.2.Classifications and Variations of Organisms -- 13.3.Niche, Food Web, Island Biogeography -- 13.4.Species Pump, Carrying Capacity, Exotics -- 13.5.Plant, Animal, and Microbial Behaviors -- References -- 14.Biodiversity: Communities and Landscapes -- 14.1.Ecosystems and a Paradigm Shift -- 14.2.Plant Community Dynamics -- 14.3.Emergent Patterns: Plant Community Structures -- 14.4.Animals' Habitats, Movements, and Behaviors -- 14.5.Landscapes of Multiple Plant Communities -- 14.6.Species Movements with Climate Change -- References -- 15.Robust and Threatened Communities and Species -- 15.1.Coarse Filter Conservation -- 15.2.Floristic Realms -- 15.3.Vegetation, Land Covers, Biodiversity Hotspots"@en ;
    schema:description "Note continued: 20.Food Groups and Nutrition -- 20.1.Agriculture, Food, and Nutrients -- 20.2.Food Groups, Nutrients, and Consumption -- 20.3.Physiology of Food Synthesis -- 20.4.Plant Food Groups and Production -- 20.5.Animal Food Groups and Production -- 20.6.Human Food Requirements -- 20.7.Nonfood Agriculture Commodities -- References -- 21.Agriculture and the Green Revolution -- 21.1.Development of Agriculture and Associated Technologies -- 21.2.Growth and Use Efficiency of Crops -- 21.3.Energy Consumption in Agriculture -- 21.4.Plowing, Irrigation, and Chemicals -- 21.5.Other Activities -- References -- 22.Future Agriculture Production and Distribution -- 22.1.Global Distribution of Agriculture Land -- 22.2.Hunger and Food Shortages -- 22.3.Food Distribution -- 22.4.Food Production -- 22.5.Options: Intensive, Organic, Range, Pen -- References -- 23.Energy Sources, the Energy Cycle, Exergy -- 23.1.Defining and Measuring Energy -- 23.2.Potential and Kinetic Energy"@en ;
    schema:description "Note continued: 23.3.Electricity and Exergy: Energy Quality -- 23.4.Energy Cycle into and out of the Earth -- 23.5.Energy Flows Within the Earth -- References -- 24.Conserving Energy and Renewable Energy -- 24.1.Human Use of Energy -- 24.2.Future Energy Infrastructures -- 24.3.Emerging Renewable Technologies -- 24.4.Energy Conversion, Transport, and Storage -- 24.5.Avoiding Energy Use -- 24.6.World's Energy Uses -- References -- 25.Future Energy: Reducing Fossil Fuel Use -- 25.1.Issues Generated by Fossil Fuels -- 25.2.Recent Trends in Energy Sources -- 25.3.Scenario to Reduce Fossil Fuel Use -- 25.4.Other Emerging Issues with Fossil Fuels -- 25.5.Renewable Energy as Economic Stimuli -- References -- 26.Rocks and Mineral Properties, Mining -- 26.1.The Earth's Mineral Composition -- 26.2.Metal and Nonmetal Elements -- 26.3.Mineral Chemical Structures -- 26.4.Minerals and Elements Within -- 26.5.Mineral Formation and Concentration Systems -- 26.6.Mining"@en ;
    schema:description "Note continued: 15.4.Fine Filter Conservation -- References -- 16.Managing Biodiversity -- 16.1.People's Effects on Biodiversity -- 16.2.Approaches to Promoting Biodiversity -- 16.3.Policies for Promoting Biodiversity -- 16.4.Activities to Promote Biodiversity -- References -- 17.Hydrologic Cycle -- 17.1.Distribution and Properties of Water -- 17.2.Hydrologic Cycle -- 17.3.Saltwater and Atmospheric Water Stocks -- 17.4.Surface Terrestrial Water Stocks -- 17.5.Below-Surface Terrestrial Water Stocks -- 17.6.Water Flows -- References -- 18.Annual Hydrographs and Water Use -- 18.1.Patterns of Water Flow -- 18.2.Transboundary Water Use and Conflict -- 18.3.Water Use, Land Use, and Water Flow -- 18.4.Protection from Water -- References -- 19.Managing and Mitigating Hydrologic Systems -- 19.1.Changing the Hydrologic Systems -- 19.2.Aquifers -- 19.3.Surface Waters -- 19.4.Conserving Existing Water -- 19.5.Obtaining More Water Sustainably -- References"@en ;
    schema:description "Note continued: References -- 27.Rocks and Minerals: Production, Use, Distribution -- 27.1.Volumes of Minerals Produced -- 27.2.Locations of Minerals -- 27.3.Forms and Uses of Minerals -- 27.4.Mineral Production -- 27.5.Sustaining Mineral Systems -- References -- 28.Forest Commodity and Non-Commodity Values -- 28.1.An Underused Resource -- 28.2.Forest Values and Stand Structures -- 28.3.Non-Commodity Values -- 28.4.Non-Timber Forest Products -- 28.5.Timber Products -- References -- 29.Forest Distribution, Area, and Volume Changes -- 29.1.Forest Area and Timber Volume -- 29.2.Forest Ownership -- 29.3.Area and Volume Changes -- 29.4.Forest Employment -- References -- 30.Silviculture, Forest Degradation, Landscape Management -- 30.1.Background and Sustained Yield -- 30.2.Silviculture Systems, Pathways, and Operations -- 30.3.Forest Degradation -- 30.4.Landscape Management and Sustainability -- 30.5.Broad Temporal and Spatial Scales and Land Use"@en ;
    schema:description "Note continued: 8.1.Layers and Composition of the Atmosphere -- 8.2.Carbon Dioxide -- 8.3.Other Greenhouse Gases -- 8.4.Heating the Atmosphere -- References -- 9.Past and Future Climate Changes -- 9.1.Long-Term Climate History -- 9.2.Ice Ages and Glaciers -- 9.3.Milankovitch Cycles and Glaciation -- 9.4.Shorter Climate Fluctuations -- 9.5.Future Climate Scenarios -- 9.6.Managing Climate Changes -- References -- 10.Landforms and Soils -- 10.1.Distribution, Soils, and Management -- 10.2.Soil Properties and Variations -- 10.3.Soil Chemical Composition and Development -- 10.4.Distribution of Landforms -- 10.5.Managing Landforms -- References -- 11.Bedrock Landforms -- 11.1.Weathered Shield Bedrock -- 11.2.Recent Igneous and Old Metamorphic Bedrock -- 11.3.Recent Metamorphic and Old Sedimentary Bedrock -- 11.4.Large Basalt Flow Bedrock -- 11.5.Karst Landforms -- 11.6.Mountains -- References -- 12.Landforms of Transported Materials -- 12.1.Volcanic Ash and Tuff"@en ;
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