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Goethe's "exposure of Newton's theory" : a polemic on Newton's theory of light and colour

Author: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Michael John Duck; Michael Petry
Publisher: London : Imperial College Press, [2016] ©2016
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, although best known for his literary work, was also a keen and outspoken natural scientist. In the second polemic part of Zur Farbenlehre (Theory of Colours), for example, Goethe attacked Isaac Newton's ground-breaking revelation that light is heterogeneous and not immutable, as was previously thought. This polemic was unanimously rejected by the physicists of the day, and has often been  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: (DLC) 2015048814
(OCoLC)920820730
Named Person: Isaac Newton; Isaac Newton; Isaac Newton; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Isaac Newton
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Michael John Duck; Michael Petry
ISBN: 9781783268481 1783268484
OCLC Number: 946084786
Notes: Originally published in German in 1810 as: Zur Farbenlehre.
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Introduction; Goethe's first prismatic observation; A Theory of Colours Johann von Goethe (1810); Volume one: Outline of a Theory of Colour16; Volume two: Exposure of Newton's Theory17; Volume three: Material for a History of Colour Theory18; Four experiments from Newton's Opticks; Goethe's concept of light; Goethe's theology; Triumph of the School; Scepticism of the observer; Conclusion; Preface to the First Edition; Exposure of Newton's Theory; Appendix; Contents; Introduction; Digression; Newtonian Opticks, First Book, First Part. Proposition I. Theorem I. Lights which differ in Colour, differ also in Degrees of RefrangibilityProof by experiment; First experiment; Second experiment; Proposition II. Theorem II The Light of the sun consists of Rays differently Refrangible; Third experiment; Fourth experiment; Fifth experiment; Sixth experiment; Seventh experiment; Eighth experiment; Recapitulation of the first eight experiments; Proposition III. Theorem III The sun's Light consists of Rays differing in reflexibility, and those Rays are more reflexible than others which are more refrangible; Ninth experiment. Tenth experimentNewton's Recapitulation of the first 10 experiments; Review of what follows; Proposition IV. Problem I To separate from one another the heterogeneous Rays of compound Light; Eleventh experiment; Proposition V. Theorem IV Homogeneal Light is refracted regularly without any Dilatation splitting or shattering of the Rays, and the confused Vision of Objects seen through refracting Bodies by heterogeneal Light arises from the different Refrangibility of several sorts of Rays; Twelfth experiment; Thirteenth experiment; Fourteenth experiment. Proposition VI. Theorem V The Sine of Incidence of every Ray considered apart, is to its Sine of Refraction in a given RatioFifteenth experiment; Proposition VII. Theorem VI The Perfection of Telescopes is impeded by the different Refrangibility of the Rays of Light; Sixteenth experiment; Proposition VIII. Problem II To shorten telescopes; Newtonian Opticks, First Book, Second Part; Proposition I. Theorem I The phenomena of colours in refracted Light are not caused by new modifications of the Light variously impress'd, according to the various Terminations of the Light and Shadow. First experimentSecond experiment; Third experiment; Fourth experiment; Proposition II. Theorem II All homogeneal Light has its proper Colour answering to its Degree of Refrangibility, and that Colour cannot be changed by Reflections and Refractions; Fifth experiment; Sixth experiment; Definition; Coloured Rays to speak properly are not coloured. In them there is nothing else than a certain Power and Disposition to stir up a Sensation of this or that Colour; Proposition III. Problem I To define the Refrangibility of the several sorts of homogeneal Lights answering to the several Colours.
Other Titles: Zur Farbenlehre.
Exposure of Newton's theory
Responsibility: translated by Michael Duck and Michael Petry ; with an introduction by Michael Duck.

Abstract:

Originally published in German in 1810 as: Zur Farbenlehre.  Read more...

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