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The golden deer of Eurasia : Scythian and Sarmatian treasures from the Russian steppes : the State Hermitage, Saint Petersburg, and the Archaeological Museum, Ufa

Author: Joan Aruz; Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
Publisher: New York : Metropolitan Museum of Art ; [New Haven, CT] : Yale University Press, ©2000.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Spectacular works of art were excavated between 1986 and 1990 from burial mounds at Filippovka, in Russia, on the border of Europe and Asia. The objects were created from about the fifth to the fourth century B.C. by pastoral people who lived on the steppes near the southern Ural Mountains. The large funerary deposits include wooden, deerlike creatures with predatory mouths and elongated snouts and ears, overlaid
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Genre/Form: Ausstellung
Exhibition catalogs
New York (NY, 2000)
Exhibitions
Expositions
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Joan Aruz; Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
ISBN: 0870999591 9780870999598 0870999605 9780870999604 0300085109 9780300085105
OCLC Number: 44174187
Notes: Catalog of an exhibition held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Oct. 12, 2000-Feb. 4, 2001.
Description: xvi, 303 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 32 cm
Contents: Filippovka and the art of the steppes / Ann Farkas --
The Iranians and the Sarmatians: a note on terminology / Gernot Windfuhr --
The Filippovka kurgans at the heart of the Eurasian steppes / Anatolii Pshenichniuk --
Conservation and technical analyses of the finds from the Filippovka kurgans / Aleksei Bantikov --
Paleoanthropological characteristics of the early nomads of the southern Urals: the evidence from the Filippovka kurgans / R.M. Iusupov --
The Scythians: Asian and European / Andrei Alekseev. The nomads of Kazakhstan, the Altai, and Tuva / Leonid Marsadolov --
The Sarmatians: masters of the steppes after the Scythians / Elena Korolkova --
Scythian gods and customs / Liudmila Galanina --
Images of the mounted steppe warrior ; Ritual vessels of the nomads / Elena Korolkova --
Bone spoons and wooden vessels of the nomads and the cult of Soma/Hauma / Vitalii Fedorov. The Filippovka kurgans and the animal style / Elena Korolkova --
Scythian art from the Pontic steppes / Liudmila Galanina --
The nomadic culture of the Altai and the animal style / Liudmila Barkova --
Bronzes from the Minusinsk Basin and goldwork from the Siberian collection of Peter the Great / Maria Zavitukhina.
Responsibility: edited by Joan Aruz [and others].
More information:

Abstract:

Spectacular works of art were excavated between 1986 and 1990 from burial mounds at Filippovka, in Russia, on the border of Europe and Asia. The objects were created from about the fifth to the fourth century B.C. by pastoral people who lived on the steppes near the southern Ural Mountains. The large funerary deposits include wooden, deerlike creatures with predatory mouths and elongated snouts and ears, overlaid with sheets of gold and silver, as well as gold attachments for wooden vessels and gold and silver luxury wares imported from Achaemenid Iran. These treasures are now in the collection of the Archaeological Museum, Ufa, in the Russian republic of Bashkortostan. The discoveries at Filippovka open a new chapter in the history of the material culture of the nomads who in the first millennium B.C. traversed the steppe corridor extending from the Black Sea region to China. Yet the information provided by the Filippovka excavations is complicated and ambiguous. The identity of the people represented by the finds remains uncertain, but the forms and ornamentation of many works from Filippovka, as well as the cemetery's location in the southern Urals, argue for the cultural-chronological designation of this material as Early Sarmatian. Stylistic features, however, point also to the arts of Siberia, Central Asia, and China in the east and to the art of the "Meotian-Scythians" in the west. Imported Achaemenid goods raise questions about their place of production and about the circumstances that brought them to be included in tombs on the southern Ural steppes. Finally, robbers penetrated the burials in antiquity, destroying much of the evidence necessary for understanding the Filippovka nomads' religious and funerary practices. These are among the issues addressed in this volume, the catalogue for an exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art that brings together the remarkable new material from Filippovka and, from the incomparably rich collections of the State Hermitage, Saint Petersburg, related luxury objects found in graves of other Eurasian steppe tribes. Gold and silver objects from the Scythian Black Sea tombs; textiles and leather and wooden works from the Altai Mountains; and gold and bronze pieces from the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Siberia illustrate developments in the art of the steppes in the centuries preceding the Filippovka burials, in contemporary societies, and in later centuries, toward the turn of the first millennium B.C. These outstanding works not only place the Filippovka discoveries in their proper historical and cultural context but are themselves fascinating and enigmatic.

"The four authors have succeeded in producing a book that places the Filippovka discoveries in their proper historical and cultural context, and also shows them ... to be fascinating and enigmatic."--Magazine Antiques.

"The wealth of information both textual and visual will prove of great value to scholars in this field."--Choice Reviews Online.

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