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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Estes, William K.
Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes (Volume 2) : Conditioning and Behavior Theory.
Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, ©2014
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
William K Estes
|Notes:||Originally published in 1975, Volume 2 of this Handbook looks at areas traditionally associated with learning theory such as conditioning, discrimination and behavior theory. It deals with concepts and theories growing principally out of laboratory studies of conditioning and learning. The intention was to treat mechanisms, processes, and principles of some generality - applicable at least to all vertebrates. It was becoming well understood that detailed interpretations of particular behaviors required the authors to take account of the way general principles operate in the context o.|
|Description:||1 online resource (386 pages).|
|Contents:||Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Original Title Page; Original Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Foreword; Introduction to Volume 2; 1. Pavlovian Excitatory and Inhibitory Conditioning; I. Introduction; II. Excitatory Conditioning; III. Inhibitory Conditioning; IV. Conclusion; References; 2. Learning as Adaptation; I. Introduction; II. The Concept of Reinforcement; III. Contingencies of Reinforcement; IV. The Effect of Reinforcement Contingencies; V. Applications to Reinforcement Schedule Effects; VI. Conclusion; References; 3. Adaptational Aspects of Conditioning. I. Inhibition of DelayII. Inhibition with Reinforcement; III. Response Shaping; IV. Diminution of the Unconditioned Response; V. Postacquisition Consequences; VI. Overview; References; 4. Classical Conditioning: Some Methodological-Conceptual Issues; I. Introduction; II. The Classical-Conditioning Paradigm; III. Axiomic Use of Classical Conditioning; IV. Mechanisms of Conditioned Stimulus-Conditioned Response Acquisition; V. Summary; References; 5. The Classical-Instrumental Distinction: Reflexes, Voluntary Behavior, and Categories of Associative Learning; I. Introduction. II. Some Historical PerspectivesIII. Classical versus Instrumental Conditioning; IV. Conclusions and Prospectus; References; 6. Perspectives on the Behavioral Unit: Choice Behavior in Animals; I. Decision Making and Conservative Behaviorism; II. Decision Making and Liberal Behaviorism; III. Choice Behavior: Data from Discrete-Trials Paradigms; IV. Choice Behavior: Data from Free-Operant Paradigms; V. Choice Behavior: Theories; VI. Conclusions; References; 7. Stimulus Selection in Associative Learning; I. Introduction; II. Nonselective Elementistic Theory; III. Selective Elementistic Theory. IV. Nonselective Configural TheoryV. Selective Configural Theory; VI. Conclusion; References; 8. Stimulus Generalization; I. Some Basic Terms; II. Theories of Generalization; III. Comments on Experimental Methods; IV. Results of Experiments; V. Concluding Remarks; References; Author Index; Subject Index.|
|Series Title:||Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes.|