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Happiness for all? : unequal hopes and lives in pursuit of the American dream

Author: Carol Graham
Publisher: Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2017] ©2017
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The Declaration of Independence states that all people are endowed with certain unalienable rights, and that among these is the pursuit of happiness. But is happiness available equally to everyone in America today? How about elsewhere in the world? Carol Graham draws on cutting-edge research linking income inequality with well-being to show how the widening prosperity gap has led to rising inequality in people's  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Carol Graham
ISBN: 9780691169460 0691169462
OCLC Number: 958799347
Description: xv, 192 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: Chapter 1. Introduction. Happiness for All: Living the Dream? --
Chapter 2. What Happened to Horatio Alger? U.S. Trends in Inequality and Opportunity in Comparative Perspective --
Chapter 3. Who Believes in the American Dream? Public Attitudes about Mobility in the United States and Beyond --
Chapter 4. High Costs of Being Poor in the Land of the Dream: Stress, Insecurity, and Lack of Hope --
Chapter 5. Well-Being, Aspirations, and Outcomes: What Do We Know? --
Chapter 6. Can We Save the Dream?.
Responsibility: Carol Graham.

Abstract:

The Declaration of Independence states that all people are endowed with certain unalienable rights, and that among these is the pursuit of happiness. But is happiness available equally to everyone in America today? How about elsewhere in the world? Carol Graham draws on cutting-edge research linking income inequality with well-being to show how the widening prosperity gap has led to rising inequality in people's beliefs, hopes, and aspirations. For the United States and other developed countries, the high costs of being poor are most evident not in material deprivation but rather in stress, insecurity, and lack of hope. The result is an optimism gap between rich and poor that, if left unchecked, could lead to an increasingly divided society. Graham reveals how people who do not believe in their own futures are unlikely to invest in them, and how the consequences can range from job instability and poor education to greater mortality rates, failed marriages, and higher rates of incarceration. She describes how the optimism gap is reflected in the very words people use--the wealthy use words that reflect knowledge acquisition and healthy behaviors, while the words of the poor reflect desperation, short-term outlooks, and patchwork solutions. She also explains why the least optimistic people in America are poor whites, not poor blacks or Hispanics. Happiness for All? highlights the importance of well-being measures in identifying and monitoring trends in life satisfaction and optimism--and misery and despair--and demonstrates how hope and happiness can lead to improved economic outcomes.

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"A persuasive and well-supported study. Highly recommended."--Karen Shook, Times Higher Education "Graham is one of the few scholars who have traced the effects of a dramatic increase in inequality Read more...

 
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