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Has private participation in water and sewerage improved coverage? : empirical evidence from Latin America

Author: George Clarke; Katrina Kosec; World Bank.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : World Bank, Development Research Group, Growth and Investment Team, 2004.
Series: Policy research working papers, 3445.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Introducing private sector participation (PSP) into the water and sewerage sectors in developing countries is difficult and controversial. Empirical studies on its effects are scant and generally inconclusive. Case studies tend to find improvements in the sector following privatization, but they suffer from selection bias and it is difficult to generalize their results. To explore empirically the effects of PSP on  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Case studies
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Clarke, George.
Has private participation in water and sewerage improved coverage?.
Washington, D.C. : World Bank, Development Research Group, Growth and Investment Team, 2004
(OCoLC)57412394
Material Type: Document, Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: George Clarke; Katrina Kosec; World Bank.
OCLC Number: 647681046
Notes: "November 2004"--Cover.
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (63 pages) : illustrations.
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Series Title: Policy research working papers, 3445.
Responsibility: George Clarke, Katrina Kosec, and Scott Wallsten.

Abstract:

"Introducing private sector participation (PSP) into the water and sewerage sectors in developing countries is difficult and controversial. Empirical studies on its effects are scant and generally inconclusive. Case studies tend to find improvements in the sector following privatization, but they suffer from selection bias and it is difficult to generalize their results. To explore empirically the effects of PSP on coverage, Clarke, Kosec, and Wallsten assemble a new dataset of connections to water and sewerage services at the city and province level based on household surveys in Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. The household surveys, conducted over a number of years, allow them to compile data before and after the introduction of PSP, as well as from similar (control) regions that never privatized at all. Their analysis reveals that, in general, connection rates to piped water and sewerage improved following the introduction of PSP, consistent with the case study literature. The authors also find, however, that connection rates similarly improved in the control regions, suggesting that PSP may not have been responsible for those improvements. On the other hand, connection rates for the poorest households also tended to increase in the regions with PSP and in the control regions, suggesting that--in terms of connections at least--PSP did not harm the poor. This paper--a product of the Growth and Investment Team, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to study the impact of infrastructure reform on poor households"--World Bank web site.

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