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The heterogeneity of the cigarette price effect on body mass index

Author: George Labib Wehby; Charles Joseph Courtemanche; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2012.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 18087.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Previous studies estimate the average effect of cigarette price on body mass index (BMI), with recent research showing that their different methodologies all point to a negative effect after several years. This literature, however, ignores the possibility that the effect could vary throughout the BMI distribution or across socioeconomic and demographic groups due to differences in underlying preferences for health  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: George Labib Wehby; Charles Joseph Courtemanche; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 794288556
Notes: Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/18087 viewed May 25, 2012.
"May 2012."
Description: 1 online resource.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 18087.
Responsibility: George Wehby, Charles J. Courtemanche.

Abstract:

Previous studies estimate the average effect of cigarette price on body mass index (BMI), with recent research showing that their different methodologies all point to a negative effect after several years. This literature, however, ignores the possibility that the effect could vary throughout the BMI distribution or across socioeconomic and demographic groups due to differences in underlying preferences for health or risks for obesity. We evaluate heterogeneity in the long-run impact of cigarette price on BMI by performing quantile regressions and stratifying the sample by race, education, age, and sex. Cigarette price has a highly heterogeneous negative effect that is more than three times as strong at high BMI levels -- where weight loss is most beneficial for health -- than at low levels. The effects are also strongest for blacks, college graduates, middle-aged adults, and women. We also assess the implications for disparities, conduct robustness checks, and evaluate potential mechanisms.

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