skip to content
Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications

Author: Feng Tao; William F Schneider; Prashant V Kamat
Publisher: Hobokrn, New Jersey : Wiley, [2015]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"A key technology in the chemical and energy industries, heterogeneous catalysis is growing in importance owing to its potential for solving global energy problems. This volume covers both fundamental concepts and recent advances in the field, offering an in-depth look at the synthesis and characterization of nanocatalysts as well as a mechanistic understanding of catalysis at atomic level for important processes of
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

 

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications.
Hobokrn, New Jersey : Wiley, 2014
(DLC) 2014032523
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Feng Tao; William F Schneider; Prashant V Kamat
ISBN: 9780470952603 0470952601
OCLC Number: 886881388
Description: xv, 326 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
Contents: Contributors xiii 1 Introduction 1 Franklin (Feng) Tao, William F. Schneider, and Prashant V. Kamat 2 Chemical Synthesis of Nanoscale Heterogeneous Catalysts 9 Jianbo Wu and Hong Yang 2.1 Introduction 9 2.2 Brief Overview of Heterogeneous Catalysts 10 2.3 Chemical Synthetic Approaches 11 2.3.1 Colloidal Synthesis 11 2.3.2 Shape Control of Catalysts in Colloidal Synthesis 12 2.3.3 Control of Crystalline Phase of Intermetallic Nanostructures 14 2.3.4 Other Modes of Formation for Complex Nanostructures 17 2.4 Core Shell Nanoparticles and Controls of Surface Compositions and Surface Atomic Arrangements 21 2.4.1 New Development on the Preparation of Colloidal Core Shell Nanoparticles 21 2.4.2 Electrochemical Methods to Core Shell Nanostructures 22 2.4.3 Control of Surface Composition via Surface Segregation 24 2.5 Summary 25 3 Physical Fabrication of Nanostructured Heterogeneous Catalysts 31 Chunrong Yin, Eric C. Tyo, and Stefan Vajda 3.1 Introduction 31 3.2 Cluster Sources 34 3.2.1 T hermal Vaporization Source 34 3.2.2 Laser Ablation Source 36 3.2.3 Magnetron Cluster Source 37 3.2.4 Arc Cluster Ion Source 38 3.3 Mass Analyzers 39 3.3.1 Neutral Cluster Beams 40 3.3.2 Quadrupole Mass Analyzer 41 3.3.3 Lateral TOF Mass Filter 42 3.3.4 Magnetic Sector Mass Selector 43 3.3.5 Quadrupole Deflector (Bender) 44 3.4 Survey of Cluster Deposition Apparatuses in Catalysis Studies 44 3.4.1 Laser Ablation Source with a Quadrupole Mass Analyzer at Argonne National Lab 44 3.4.2 ACIS with a Quadrupole Deflector at the Universitat Rostock 46 3.4.3 Magnetron Cluster Source with a Lateral TOF Mass Filter at the University of Birmingham 47 3.4.4 Laser Ablation Cluster Source with a Quadrupole Mass Selector at the Technische Universitat Munchen 48 3.4.5 Laser Ablation Cluster Source with a Quadrupole Mass Analyzer at the University of Utah 49 3.4.6 Laser Ablation Cluster Source with a Magnetic Sector Mass Selector at the University of California, Santa Barbara 49 3.4.7 Magnetron Cluster Source with a Quadrupole Mass Filter at the Toyota Technological Institute 51 3.4.8 PACIS with a Magnetic Sector Mass Selector at Universitat Konstanz 52 3.4.9 Magnetron Cluster Source with a Magnetic Sector at Johns Hopkins University 53 3.4.10 Magnetron Cluster Source with a Magnetic Sector at HZB 53 3.4.11 Magnetron Sputtering Source with a Quadrupole Mass Filter at the Technical University of Denmark 54 3.4.12 CORDIS with a Quadrupole Mass Filter at the Lausanne Group 56 3.4.13 Electron Impact Source with a Quadrupole Mass Selector at the Universitat Karlsruhe 56 3.4.14 CORDIS with a Quadrupole Mass Analyzer at the Universitat Ulm 58 3.4.15 Magnetron Cluster Source with a Lateral TOF Mass Filter at the Universitat Dortmund 59 3.4.16 Z-Spray Source with a Quadrupole Mass Filter for Gas-Phase Investigations at FELIX 60 3.4.17 Laser Ablation Source with an Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer for Gas-Phase Investigations at the Technische Universitat Berlin 61 4 Ex Situ Characterization 69 Minghua Qiao, Songhai Xie, Yan Pei, and Kangnian Fan 4.1 Introduction 69 4.2 Ex Situ Characterization Techniques 70 4.2.1 X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy 71 4.2.2 Electron Spectroscopy 72 4.2.3 Electron Microscopy 74 4.2.4 Scanning Probe Microscopy 75 4.2.5 Mossbauer Spectroscopy 76 4.3 Some Examples on Ex Situ Characterization of Nanocatalysts for Energy Applications 77 4.3.1 Illustrating Structural and Electronic Properties of Complex Nanocatalysts 77 4.3.2 Elucidating Structural Characteristics of Catalysts at the Nanometer or Atomic Level 81 4.3.3 Pinpointing the Nature of the Active Sites on Nanocatalysts 85 4.4 Conclusions 88 5 Applications of Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy for In Situ Studies of Catalysts at Nanoscale 93 Xingyi Deng, Xiaoli Gu, and Franklin (Feng) Tao 5.1 Introduction 93 5.2 In Situ SXAS under Reaction Conditions 96 5.3 Examples of In Situ SXAS Studies under Reaction Conditions Using Reaction Cells 99 5.3.1 Atmospheric Corrosion of Metal Films 99 5.3.2 Cobalt Nanoparticles under Reaction Conditions 101 5.3.3 Electrochemical Corrosion of Cu in Aqueous NaHCO3 Solution 108 5.4 Summary 112 6 First-Principles Approaches to Understanding Heterogeneous Catalysis 115 Dorrell C. McCalman and William F. Schneider 6.1 Introduction 115 6.2 Computational Models 116 6.2.1 Electronic Structure Methods 116 6.2.2 System Models 117 6.3 NOx Reduction 118 6.4 Adsorption at Metal Surfaces 119 6.4.1 Neutral Adsorbates 119 6.4.2 Charged Adsorbates 122 6.5 Elementary Surface Reactions Between Adsorbates 125 6.5.1 Reaction Thermodynamics 125 6.5.2 Reaction Kinetics 129 6.6 Coverage Effects on Reaction and Activation Energies at Metal Surfaces 131 6.7 Summary 135 7 Computational Screening for Improved Heterogeneous Catalysts and Electrocatalysts 139 Jeffrey Greeley 7.1 Introduction 139 7.2 T rends-Based Studies in Computational Catalysis 140 7.2.1 Early Groundwork for Computational Catalyst Screening 140 7.2.2 Volcano Plots and Rate Theory Models 141 7.2.3 Scaling Relations, BEP Relations, and Descriptor Determination 144 7.3 Computational Screening of Heterogeneous Catalysts and Electrocatalysts 148 7.3.1 Computational Catalyst Screening Strategies 149 7.4 Challenges and New Frontiers in Computational Catalyst Screening 153 7.5 Conclusions 155 8 Catalytic Kinetics and Dynamics 161 Rafael C. Catapan, Matthew A. Christiansen, Amir A. M. Oliveira, and Dionisios G. Vlachos 8.1 Introduction 161 8.2 Basics of Catalyst Functionality, Mechanisms, and Elementary Reactions on Surfaces 163 8.3 T ransition State Theory, Collision Theory, and Rate Constants 166 8.4 Density Functional Theory Calculations 168 8.4.1 Calculation of Energetics and Coverage Effects 169 8.4.2 Calculation of Vibrational Frequencies 172 8.5 T hermodynamic Consistency of the DFT-Predicted Energetics 172 8.6 State Properties from Statistical Thermodynamics 176 8.6.1 Strongly Bound Adsorbates 177 8.6.2 Weakly Bound Adsorbates 177 8.7 Semiempirical Methods for Predicting Thermodynamic Properties and Kinetic Parameters 178 8.7.1 Linear Scaling Relationships 178 8.7.2 Heat Capacity and Surface Entropy Estimation 179 8.7.3 Bronsted-Evans-Polanyi Relationships 180 8.8 Analysis Tools for Microkinetic Modeling 181 8.8.1 Rates in Microkinetic Modeling 181 8.8.2 Reaction Path Analysis and Partial Equilibrium Analysis 181 8.8.3 Rate-Determining Steps, Most Important Surface Intermediates, and Most Abundant Surface Intermediates 184 8.8.4 Calculation of the Overall Reaction Order and Apparent Activation Energy 186 8.9 Concluding Remarks 187 9 Catalysts for Biofuels 191 Gregory T. Neumann, Danielle Garcia, and Jason C. Hicks 9.1 Introduction 191 9.2 Lignocellulosic Biomass 192 9.2.1 Cellulose 192 9.2.2 Hemicellulose 194 9.2.3 Lignin 195 9.3 Carbohydrate Upgrading 195 9.3.1 Zeolitic Upgrading of Cellulosic Feedstocks 196 9.3.2 Levulinic Acid Upgrading 199 9.3.3 GVL Upgrading 201 9.3.4 Aqueous-Phase Processing 202 9.4 Lignin Conversion 205 9.4.1 Zeolite Upgrading of Lignin Feedstocks 206 9.4.2 Catalysts for Hydrodeoxygenation of Lignin 208 9.4.3 Selective Unsupported Catalyst for Lignin Depolymerization 211 9.5 Continued Efforts for the Development of Robust Catalysts 212 10 Development of New Gold Catalysts for Removing CO from H2 217 Zhen Ma, Franklin (Feng) Tao, and Xiaoli Gu 10.1 Introduction 217 10.2 General Description of Catalyst Development 218 10.3 Development of WGS catalysts 220 10.3.1 Initially Developed Catalysts 220 10.3.2 Fe2O3-Based Gold Catalysts 221 10.3.3 CeO2-Based Gold Catalysts 221 10.3.4 TiO2- or ZrO2-Based Gold Catalysts 223 10.3.5 Mixed-Oxide Supports with 1:1 Composition 223 10.3.6 Bimetallic Catalysts 224 10.4 Development of New Gold Catalysts for PROX 225 10.4.1 General Considerations 225 10.4.2 CeO2-Based Gold Catalysts 226 10.4.3 TiO2-Based Gold Catalysts 227 10.4.4 Al2O3-Based Gold Catalysts 228 10.4.5 Mixed Oxide Supports with 1:1 Composition 228 10.4.6 Other Oxide-Based Gold Catalysts 229 10.4.7 Supported Bimetallic catalysts 229 10.5 Perspectives 229 11 Photocatalysis in Generation of Hydrogen from Water 239 Kazuhiro Takanabe and Kazunari Domen 11.1 Solar Energy Conversion 239 11.1.1 Solar Energy Conversion Technology for Producing Fuels and Chemicals 239 11.1.2 Solar Spectrum and STH Efficiency 242 11.2 Semiconductor Particles: Optical and Electronic Nature 244 11.2.1 Reaction Sequence and Principles of Overall Water Splitting and Reaction Step Timescales 244 11.2.2 Number of Photons Striking a Single Particle 245 11.2.3 Absorption Depth of Light Incident on Powder Photocatalyst 247 11.2.4 Degree of Band Bending in Semiconductor Powder 248 11.2.5 Band Gap and Flat-Band Potential of Semiconductor 250 11.3 Photocatalyst Materials for Overall Water Splitting: UV to Visible Light Response 251 11.3.1 UV Photocatalysts: Oxides 251 11.3.2 Visible-Light Photocatalysts: Band Engineering of Semiconductor Materials Containing Transition Metals 253 11.3.3 Visible-Light Photocatalysts: Organic Semiconductors as Water-Splitting Photocatalysts 255 11.3.4 Z-Scheme Approach: Two-Photon Process 257 11.3.5 Defects and Recombination in Semiconductor Bulk 257 11.4 Cocatalysts for Photocatalytic Overall Water Splitting 259 11.4.1 Metal Nanoparticles as Hydrogen Evolution Cocatalysts: Novel Core/Shell Structure 259 11.4.2 Reaction Rate Expression on Active Catalytic Centers for Redox Reaction in Solution 261 11.4.3 Measurement of Potentials at Semiconductor and Metal Particles Under Irradiation 264 11.4.4 Metal Oxides as Oxygen Evolution Cocatalyst 266 11.5 Concluding Remarks 268 12 Photocatalysis in Conversion of Greenhouse Gases 271 Kentaro Teramura and Tsunehiro Tanaka 12.1 Introduction 271 12.2 Outline of Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 273 12.3 Reaction Mechanism for the Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 276 12.3.1 Adsorption of CO2 and H2 276 12.3.2 Assignment of Adsorbed Species by FT-IR Spectroscopy 279 12.3.3 Observation of Photoactive Species by Photoluminescence (PL) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopies 281 12.4 Summary 283 13 Electrocatalyst Design in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells for Automotive Application 285 Anusorn Kongkanand, Wenbin Gu, and Frederick T. Wagner 13.1 Introduction 285 13.2 Advanced Electrocatalysts 288 13.2.1 Pt-Alloy and Dealloyed Catalysts 288 13.2.2 Pt Monolayer Catalysts 290 13.2.3 Continuous-Layer Catalysts 293 13.2.4 Controlled Crystal Face Catalysts 296 13.2.5 Hollow Pt Catalysts 298 13.3 Electrode Designs 299 13.3.1 Dispersed-Catalyst Electrodes 299 13.3.2 NSTF Electrodes 302 13.4 Concluding Remarks 307 Index 315
Responsibility: edited by Franklin (Feng) Tao, William F. Schneider, Prashant V. Kamat.

Abstract:

This book presents both the fundamentals concepts and latest achievements of a field that is growing in importance since it represents a possible solution for global energy problems. It focuses on  Read more...

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/886881388> # Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications
    a schema:Book, schema:CreativeWork ;
   library:oclcnum "886881388" ;
   library:placeOfPublication <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/countries/nju> ;
   schema:about <http://dewey.info/class/621.3101541395/e23/> ;
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Topic/nanochemistry> ; # Nanochemistry
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Topic/science_chemistry_physical_&_theoretical> ; # SCIENCE--Chemistry--Physical & Theoretical
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Topic/heterogeneous_catalysis> ; # Heterogeneous catalysis
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Topic/energy_conversion> ; # Energy conversion
   schema:bookFormat bgn:PrintBook ;
   schema:datePublished "2015" ;
   schema:description ""A key technology in the chemical and energy industries, heterogeneous catalysis is growing in importance owing to its potential for solving global energy problems. This volume covers both fundamental concepts and recent advances in the field, offering an in-depth look at the synthesis and characterization of nanocatalysts as well as a mechanistic understanding of catalysis at atomic level for important processes of energy conversion. Comprehensive and authoritative, the book provides scientists and engineers with a foundation for pioneering the next technical catalysts for energy efficient technologies"--"@en ;
   schema:description ""Covers both fundamental concepts and recent advances in the field of heterogeneous catalysis, offering an in-depth look at the synthesis and characterization of nanocatalysts as well as a mechanistic understanding of catalysis at the atomic level for important processes of energy conversion"--"@en ;
   schema:editor <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Person/kamat_prashant_v> ; # Prashant V. Kamat
   schema:editor <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Person/schneider_william_f_1964> ; # William F. Schneider
   schema:editor <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Person/tao_feng_1971> ; # Feng Tao
   schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/2450472198> ;
   schema:inLanguage "en" ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#CreativeWork/heterogeneous_catalysis_at_nanoscale_for_energy_applications> ;
   schema:name "Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications"@en ;
   schema:productID "886881388" ;
   schema:workExample <http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780470952603> ;
   umbel:isLike <http://bnb.data.bl.uk/id/resource/GBB357127> ;
   wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/886881388> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Person/kamat_prashant_v> # Prashant V. Kamat
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Kamat" ;
   schema:givenName "Prashant V." ;
   schema:name "Prashant V. Kamat" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Person/schneider_william_f_1964> # William F. Schneider
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1964" ;
   schema:familyName "Schneider" ;
   schema:givenName "William F." ;
   schema:name "William F. Schneider" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Topic/heterogeneous_catalysis> # Heterogeneous catalysis
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Heterogeneous catalysis"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#Topic/science_chemistry_physical_&_theoretical> # SCIENCE--Chemistry--Physical & Theoretical
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "SCIENCE--Chemistry--Physical & Theoretical"@en ;
    .

<http://worldcat.org/entity/work/data/2450472198#CreativeWork/heterogeneous_catalysis_at_nanoscale_for_energy_applications>
    a schema:CreativeWork ;
   rdfs:label "Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications." ;
   schema:description "Online version:" ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/886881388> ; # Heterogeneous catalysis at nanoscale for energy applications
    .

<http://worldcat.org/isbn/9780470952603>
    a schema:ProductModel ;
   schema:isbn "0470952601" ;
   schema:isbn "9780470952603" ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.