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High marginal tax rates on the top 1%? : Lessons from a life cycle model with idiosyncratic income risk

Author: Fabian Kindermann; Dirk Krueger; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 20601.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In this paper we argue that very high marginal labor income tax rates are an effective tool for social insurance even when households have preferences with high labor supply elasticity, make dynamic savings decisions, and policies have general equilibrium effects. To make this point we construct a large scale Overlapping Generations Model with uninsurable labor productivity risk, show that it has a wealth  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Fabian Kindermann; Dirk Krueger; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 895001588
Notes: "October 2014"
Description: 1 online resource (51 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 20601.
Responsibility: Fabian Kindermann, Dirk Krueger.

Abstract:

In this paper we argue that very high marginal labor income tax rates are an effective tool for social insurance even when households have preferences with high labor supply elasticity, make dynamic savings decisions, and policies have general equilibrium effects. To make this point we construct a large scale Overlapping Generations Model with uninsurable labor productivity risk, show that it has a wealth distribution that matches the data well, and then use it to characterize fiscal policies that achieve a desired degree of redistribution in society. We find that marginal tax rates on the top 1% of the earnings distribution of close to 90% are optimal. We document that this result is robust to plausible variation in the labor supply elasticity and holds regardless of whether social welfare is measured at the steady state only or includes transitional generations.

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