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Highway runoff in areas of karst topography

Author: Bridget M Donaldson; Virginia Transportation Research Council.; Virginia. Department of Transportation.; United States. Federal Highway Administration.
Publisher: Charlottesville, Va. : Virginia Transportation Research Council ; [Springfield, Va.] : [Available to the public through NTIS], 2004.
Series: VTRC (Series), 04-R13.
Edition/Format:   Print book : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Karst terrain is characterized by sinkholes, depressions, caves, and underground drainage, generally underlain by soluble rocks such as limestone and dolomite. Because natural filtration through soil is limited in karst areas, pollutants in highway stormwater runoff can directly infiltrate underground sources of drinking water and environments that are habitats for sensitive species. Although the Virginia Department  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Bridget M Donaldson; Virginia Transportation Research Council.; Virginia. Department of Transportation.; United States. Federal Highway Administration.
OCLC Number: 54838602
Notes: "March 2004."
Description: iii, 17 pages ; 28 cm.
Series Title: VTRC (Series), 04-R13.
Responsibility: Bridget M. Donaldson.

Abstract:

Karst terrain is characterized by sinkholes, depressions, caves, and underground drainage, generally underlain by soluble rocks such as limestone and dolomite. Because natural filtration through soil is limited in karst areas, pollutants in highway stormwater runoff can directly infiltrate underground sources of drinking water and environments that are habitats for sensitive species. Although the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) has implemented guidelines for construction projects in karst areas to ameliorate this problem, there has been considerable activity at the state level in recent years concerning the protection of karst groundwater. New regulations or requirements regarding karst area runoff could add significantly to VDOT's construction and maintenance activities. This report summarizes the research and regulations to position VDOT to manage karst topography issues appropriately. Although more studies of karst groundwater contamination are needed, the literature does not currently support the need for more stringent regulatory controls than are already in place.

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