skip to content
A history of French architecture, Preview this item
ClosePreview this item

A history of French architecture,

Author: Reginald Theodore Blomfield, Sir
Publisher: New York, Hacker Art Books [1973]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

More like this


Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...


Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Blomfield, Reginald Theodore, Sir, 1856-1942.
History of French architecture.
New York, Hacker Art Books [1973]
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Reginald Theodore Blomfield, Sir
OCLC Number: 2545308
Notes: Plates printed on both sides.
Description: 4 volumes in 2 cc plates (including plans, facsimiles) 26 cm
Contents: v. 1-2. From the reign of Charles VIII till the death of Mazarin, 1494-1661.--
v. 3-4. From the death of Mazarin till the death of Louis XV, 1661-1774.
Responsibility: by Reginald Blomfield. London, G. Bell and sons, ltd., 1921.

Table of Contents:

by smurray (WorldCat user on 2006-02-23)

V. 1-2 Introduction v-xvi List of Illustrations xxiii Bibliography xxvii 1. The Italians in France 1-21 The Renaissance a continuous movement - Divergent views as to the status of the master builders - a change inevitable - Monument at Le Mans - and Laurana - Italian expeditions of Charles VIII - The Juste family - Tombs at Dol, Tours, and of Louis XII at St. Denis - Ornament - "Il Boccador" and the Hotel de Ville, Paris - Francois I and the arts - Fontainebleau - The builders - The decorators - Il Rosso and his men - Primaticcio - not an architect - Serlio, and Fontainebleau, and Ancy le Franc - Francois I his own architect - His influence on the art. 2. "The Master Builders" 22-39 Methods of procedure in building in time of Francois I - Fontainebleau - De Champeverne and the Commissions - The "Devis" of Fonteinebleau - Interposition of the King - The Chambiges, Martin at Beauvais, Pierre at Chantilly - Robert and Pierre the Second - Pierre Nepveu - Master mason of Chambord - Charles Billard and Ecouen - Gilles le Breton and Fontainebleau - Families of builders - Sohier and St. Pierre at Caen - The Bacheliers of Toulouse - Hugues Sambin - The master builders not architects in the modern sense, and their work ignorant and immature. 3. The New Manner and Francois I 40-58 The effect of the Italian expeditions - The Renaissance and domestic architecture - Gaillon - The work of the Italians confined to ornament - Monument to D'Amboise at Rouen compared with the monument to Louis de Breze - The new manner still uncertain and exceptional - Chenonceaux, Azay le Rideau, and Nantouillet - Passion of Francois I for building - Blois - Fontainebleau - The "Devis" - The Cour Ovale - Salle de Bal - Aile de la Belle Cheminee and Serlio - St. Germain-en-Laye - Villars Cotteretes - Chambord - The Chateau de Madrid, and Jerome della Robbia 4. The New Manner till the Death of Francois I 59-72 The Court always on the more - The hunting lodges - La Muette, Chaluau - Domestic architecture so far the work of amateurs and builders - The new manner not liked by the builders - Conservativism of owners of great houses - Bhateaubriant and La Rochefoucauld - Ecouen - Ancy le Franc, and Serlio and Primaticcio - The houses of the financiers - Samblancay at Tours - The Hotel Bourgtheroulde at Rouen - Sculpture and ornament used for hte sake of ornament, and without regard to its architectural value - Advance shown in Hotel d'Ecoville at Caen - Architecture of materials - Auffay - Boos - St. Marguerite - Manoir d'Ango - The immense roofs - Fontaine Henri - The influence of the Italians - No tradition as yet established, and no real advance in planning --French architecture far behind Italian, but the ground broken up for the advance of Neo-Classic architecture. 5. Philibert de L'Orme 73-92 Francois I and Henri II in relation to the arts - The new men - De l'Orme born at Lyons, his work in Italy, return to Lyons - St. Maur des Fosses - De l'Orme conductor-general of fortifications in Brittany, 1547 - Inspector of the royal buildings - De l'Orme and the builders' work at Fontainebleau, La Muette, Villars Cotterets, Vincennes, and St. Germain-en-Laye - His revenues - Anet - Monument to Francois I - De l'Orme's dismissal - His defence - His "architecture" and "Nouvelles Inventions" - Chenonceaux - The Tuileries - His death - His services to French architecture - His defects as an artist - His character - Buildings attributed to De l'Orme. 6. Jean Bullant 93-107 Bullant of Amiens not Jean Bullant - Nothing known of Jean Bullant's training - His work for Anne de Montmorency - The artists of Ecouen - Bullant's work there - The three frontispieces - Fere-en-Tardenois - Bullant appointed Controller of Buildings - His dismissal - The Chatelet at Chantilly - Recueuil d'Horlogiographie - Petit traite de Geometrie - Reigle Generale - Succeeds De l'Orme at the Tuileries - His work there - The Hotel de Soissons - His death - The Chapelle Funeraire at Anet - Bullant as an artist. 7. Lescot and Goujon 108-122 Little known of Lescot's early training - The Jube of St. Germain L'Auxerrois - He introduces Goujon - No evidence to show that Lescot designed the Jube - The rebuilding of the Louvre - Revision of the design under Henri II - Lescot's scheme for rebuilding - Work at the Louvre - Lescot not the architect of the Chapel of the Valois, or of the Hotel Carnavalet - The architectural value of the design for the Louvre - Lescot and Goujon always associated - Goujon probably the designer - Jean Goujon and Rouen - His work at the Hotel Carnavalet - at Ecouen - His knowledge of architecture - The Diana and stag of Anet - He disappears from Paris - Death at Bologna - Loss to French art - Goujon unique among French artists of the sixteenth century. 8. French Sculptors in the Sixteenth Century 123-139 French mediaeval sculpture - Its disappearance before the invasion of Flemish art - The Flemish imagers - Colombe not the reformer of French sculpture - His work - The tomb of Francois II of Brittany at Nantes - The Troyes School - Low standard of their work, and ignorance of the theory of sculpture - Dominique Florentin - Jacques Julyot - Failure of the Troyes School - Goujon and his contemporaries the true reformers - Pierre Bontemps - The urn of St. Denis and the tomb of Francois I - Figures of Chabot, De Magny, and Du Bellay - Germain Pilon - The three Graces - Tomb of Henri II - Break in the development of the arts at the end of the sixteenth century - The Burgundians - Ligier Richier - Dijon - Hugues Sambin - Toulouse - Teutonism in art - Tendency of the sculptors to specialize. 9. The Du Cerceau Family 140-156 The detente at end of the sixteenth century - Catherine de Medicis - Families of artists and the Du Cerceau - Jacques Androuet du Cerceau born at Montargis - De Geymuller's theories of his studies in Italy - No evidence for this, or for work by him at churches of Montargis or Tonnerre - His publications - Retires to Montargis - "Les plus excellens Bastiments" - De Geymuller's theory that he was architect of Verneuil and Charleval without foundation - His real work that of a draughtsman and engraver - Du Cerceau as an archaeologist - as a designer - as a draughtsman - Du Cerceau's family - Baptiste, architect of Charleval and the Pont Neuf - Charleval - Jehan de Brosse and Verneuil - The Du Cerceau typical of a period of relapse in architecture. 10. Neo-Classic Architecture in the Sixteenth Century 157-169 From the end of the fifteenth century till death of Francois I, the age of the amateur - Types of plan - The courtyard plan - The block plan - Martainville - Remodelling of old buildings - Effort concentrated on ornament, not on architectural composition - Position of the art at death of Francois I and end of first period - Henri II and the new generation - Failure of the builders, rise of the architects - Their duties and status defined for the first time - But tradition of Neo-Classic not yet established - The pattern books - Work so far individual - Advance made in planning, in larger design, in technical details - and in the relation of the arts, their co-operation at Fontainebleau and Ecouen - Close of second period and failure of the arts in the last quarter of the sixteenth century. V. 3-4 List of Illustrations xi Introduction xv Bibliography xxiii A List of Surintendants des Batiments and of Directeurs de l'Academie de France a Rome xxix 1. Louis XIV, Colbert, and the Academies 1 Development of French Architecture continuous from Francois I till death of Louis XV - Mazarin and the arts: change of direction after his death - Louis XIV: his character - Colbert - The Academies and the Maitrise - The Academy of Painting and Sculpture (1648) - Revolt of the students - Reorganization of the Academy - Its abolition and re-establishment. 2. The Academy of Architecture 12 Colbert's petit conseil - The new buildings of the Louvre and the "Conseil des Batiments" - The Academy of Architecture (1671): its duties, organization, and discussions - The Academicians practical men: members paid and Architectes du Roi - Examination of quarries, of bridges and foundations - The aqueduct of Maintenon - Academy reorganizaed 1699, abolished 1793, re-established 1795 - Its study of technique, and conception of architecture as a science - Value of its educational work. 3. The French Academy at Rome 25 Henri IV and a "pepiniere d'ouvriers" - Colbert and a state-aided establishment in Rome - Errard the first Director (1666) - Statutes of the French Academy in Rome - The Director also an agent for purchases - Noel Coypel - Errard's return - La Teuliere (1683-1699) and Louvois and J. H. Mansart - Houasse and J. H. Mansart - Disastrous administration - Poerson and D'Antin - Wleughels - De Troy - Correspondence of the Directors - Colbert's aim to make France supreme in the arts by means of state-aided academies and manufactures. 4. The Royal Building Staff 43 Disorganized state of finances under Mazarin - Methods of contract under Francois I - Lack of proper control - Colbert's reforms - The "surintendant" - The "intendants" - The "controleurs" - The "tresoriers" - "Officiers des bastimens" - "Officiers qui ont gages" - Architects assigned to specific buildings - Buildings carried out by measure and value to agreed schedule - Materials found by the State, and prices - Conditions of labour - Faults of Colbert's organization too many officers, too much nepotism - A Note on the Aqueduct of Maintenon. 5. Louis Le Val, Francois D'Orbay, Richer, Lambert, and the last of the Old Regine 55 Three periods in the reign of Louis XIV - Le Vau represents transition from Mazarin to Colbert - Louis Le Vau (1612-1670) - Hotel Lambert - Hotel Sale - Vaux le Vicomte, its design - Le Vau "premier architecte du Roi" - Vincennes - Rincy - S. Sepolcre - Houses for M. Henselin and Hotel de Lyonne, Paris - His work at the Louvre, at Versailles, and the Tuileries - The College des Quatre Nations - Le Vau a competent practitioner, but not a great artist - Francois Le Vau - Francois D'Orbay - His work at Lyons and Montpellier - D'Orbay fils - Richer - Houses in Paris - Lambert, Controleur des Batiments. 6. The Completion of the Louvre, Bernini and Claude Perrault 68 Colbert's anxiety to complete the Louvre - Le Vau - Bernini invited - The intrigues of Charles Perrault - Bernini's designs impracticable - His return to Rome - Claude Perrault's design adopted - His two schemes - The east front, the double columns, and the construction of the masonry - Hostile criticisms by Francois Blondel - Perrault's originality - Undoubtedly the author of the design - The work abandoned and not completed till 1755. 7. Claude Perrault. Francois Blondel 84 The Observatory, Paris - The Arc de Triomphe du Trone (1668) - The work abandoned - Referred to the Academy of Architecture (1685) - Perrault ignored - Hostility of the Academy - Intrigues at the Court - Death of Perrault (1688) - His learning and ability - Comparison with Wren - Francois Blondel commands a galley - Tutor - Professor of mathematics - Diplomat - Engineer - His bridge-building - A member of the Academy of Science - First Director of the Academy of Architecture - Scheme for the improvement of Paris - The Gates of Paris - S. Bernard - S. Antoine and Goujon - S. Denis - Does little architectural work - His Cours d'Architecture - Uncompromising advocate of classical architecture and authority - His theories of art confused and illogical - His controversy with Perrault - A learned but acriomonious pedant. 8. Errard, Mignard, La Valfeniere, and Le Pautre 99 Charles Errard, born 1606 - Studies at Rome - Work at the Palais Royal - Association with Roland Freart de Chambray - Helps to found the Academy of Painting and Sculpture - A Recot of the Academy - Appointed the first Director of the French Academy in Rome - Death, 1689 - His marriage - Designs Church of the Assumption, Rue S. Honore, Paris - Its faults - Le Brun and Church of S. Nicholas du Chardonnet and the French order - Pierre Mignard, born 1640 - Painter and architect - Drawings of old buildings in Languedoc and Provence - Member of Academy of Architecture - Retires to Avignon - The Abbey of Montmajour, near Arles - Death, 1725 - Avignon and Royer de la Valfeniere - Anthoine Le Pautre - Port Royal - His "Oeuves" - The Hotel de Beauvais - S. Ouen - S. Cloud - Superseded at Clagny by J. H. Mansart - His quarrel with his brother - His ability as an architect - The meaning of architecture. 9. Cottart, Richer, Robelin, De Lisle, Leve, Girard, Gobert, Le Duc, Gittard 118 Cottart and the Hotel de Bisseuil - Hotel de Ville, Troyes - Church at Villacerf - His pension - The Minor Men: Richer - Houses in Paris - Robelin - The Hotel de Leon - De L'Isle - The Hotel du Grand Prieur - Level - Girard - S. Cloud - Gobert an Academician - The Trianon of S. Cloud - Difficulty of disentangling these men - Le Duc - Church of the Val de Grace - S. Louis en l'Ile - Hotel Falconi - Gittard - Choir of S. Sulpice - S. Jacques et S. Philippe du Haut Pas - Houses in Paris - Chantilly - Connection with J. H. Mansart - The French architects and their workmen. 10. Bruant, Bullet 130 Hereditary callings and monopoly of the official architects and tradesmen - Liberal Bruant - His family "de bonne bourgeoisie Parisienne" - La Salpetriere - Hotel de Mars, ou les Invalides - Fine design - Its faults - The Maison et Bureau of the Merchant Drapers, Paris - Superseded by Mansart - Death, 1697 - Financial embarrassment - Pierre Bullet (1639) - Assistant to F. Blondel - Designs Porte S. Martin, the Quai Pelletier, and Church of the Noviciat General des Dominicains - Academician and Architecte du Roi - Designs for bridges - Archbishop's Palace, Bourges - L'Architecture pratique - Issi - Houses in Paris - Bullet as an architect - Jacques Bruant, fils - Professor or Architecture - Hotel de Belle-Isle - Liberal Bruant (nephew) - The Academy of Architecture a family affair. 11. The Draughtsmen: Jean Marot, Daniel Marot, Jean le Pautre, Pierre le Pautre, Le Blond, Berain, Le Clerc, Israel Silvestre, and Adam Perelle 149 Jean Marot - The family - Prepares designs for the Louvre, houses in Paris, Palace Mannheim - His skill as a draughtsman - The "Petit Marot" - The "Grand Marot" - His designs for grottoes - Daniel Marot - Flies to Holland - Designed gardens, Hampton Court - His drawings and designs - Jean Le Pautre - His invention and draughtmanship - The value of his work - Pierre Le Pautre - Draughtsman and engraver - Use made of him by J. H. Mansart - Jean Berain - The Court draughtsman ad designer - Sebastian Le Clerc - His plate of the building of the Louvre - Israel Silvestre - His topographical work - Mariette's account - The Perelles - Adam Perelle - The best of the topographical draughtsman - Their disappearance - The Academy's insistence on accurate draughtsmanship - Finally spoilt by spurious archaeology - Effect of this on architecture. 12. Andre Le Notre 164 Le Notre and Saint-Simon - Appointed to the Tuileries Gardens - Vaux le Vicomte - Methods of Le Notre - Appointed "Controleur-General des Bastiments" - The Gardens of Versailles - The use of water in French garden design - The Aqueduct of Maintenon - Le Notre and Mansart - S. Germain-en-Laye - Chantilly and the water garden - Cost of these gardens - Sceaux - Death, 1700 - His visit to Italy and the Pope - Member of the Academy of Architecture - Chevalier of S. Michel - His character - High esteem of Saint-Simon and Louis XIV. 13. Jules Hardouin Mansart 181 The problem of Mansart's career - His relationship to Francois Mansart - Supersedes Le Pautre at Clagny - Entrusted with Versailles (1676) - His advancement by Louis XIV - The King and the Royal buildings - The earlier Versailles - Alterations made by Mansart - His methods with the King and lack of chivalry - His energy and adroitness - The cost of Versailles - Architecturally a failure - Saint-Simon's criticisms. 14. Jules Hardouin Mansart 191 The Orangery at Versailles a masterpiece of design - The problem of its author - The sketch by Le Notre - The measured drawings by Desgodetz in Tome - The design of the Orangery so unlike the rest of the design of Versailles that another hand is suggested - Possibly Desgodetz under Mansart - Mansart made Comte de Sagonne - The Ecuries and Grand Commun, Versailles - The Grand Trianon and the Trianon de Porceleine - The episode of the "Fenetre de Trianon" and Louvois - Marly - Its cost and the absurdity of its design. 15. Jules Hardouin Mansart 201 Mansart at Chantilly - His Philistinism - Supersedes Bruand at the Invalides and designs the Church of the Dome - Desgodetz employed in the design, but personal part taken in it by Mansart - Its plan - Comparison with St. Paul's - L'Assurance employed at the Invalides - The "architecte sous clef" - The Hotel de Ville at Arles - The Place des Victoires and the Place Vendome - The chapel at Versailles - S. Cyr - Dampierre - The parish church, Versailles - Mansart becomes surintendant - The value of this appointment - Mansart's death - The bridge at Moulins - Mansart and the Academy - Estimate of Mansart as a man - His unscrupulousness and disloyalty to colleagues - Mansart as an artist - Different opinions - A capable but unscrupulous man and a bad artist. Appendix. On the Flat Vaulting of the Roussillon 221.


User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...


Be the first.

Similar Items

Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data

Primary Entity

<> # A history of French architecture,
    a schema:CreativeWork, schema:Book ;
   library:oclcnum "2545308" ;
   library:placeOfPublication <> ;
   library:placeOfPublication <> ; # New York
   schema:about <> ; # Architecture--France--History
   schema:about <> ;
   schema:about <> ; # France.
   schema:about <> ; # Architecture
   schema:about <> ;
   schema:bookFormat bgn:PrintBook ;
   schema:creator <> ; # Sir Reginald Theodore Blomfield
   schema:datePublished "1973" ;
   schema:description "v. 1-2. From the reign of Charles VIII till the death of Mazarin, 1494-1661.-- v. 3-4. From the death of Mazarin till the death of Louis XV, 1661-1774."@en ;
   schema:exampleOfWork <> ;
   schema:genre "History"@en ;
   schema:inLanguage "en" ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <> ;
   schema:name "A history of French architecture,"@en ;
   schema:productID "2545308" ;
   schema:publication <> ;
   schema:publisher <> ; # Hacker Art Books
   wdrs:describedby <> ;

Related Entities

<> # New York
    a schema:Place ;
   schema:name "New York" ;

<> # Hacker Art Books
    a bgn:Agent ;
   schema:name "Hacker Art Books" ;

<> # France.
    a schema:Place ;
   schema:name "France." ;

<> # Architecture
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Architecture"@en ;

<> # Sir Reginald Theodore Blomfield
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1856" ;
   schema:deathDate "1942" ;
   schema:familyName "Blomfield" ;
   schema:givenName "Reginald Theodore" ;
   schema:name "Sir Reginald Theodore Blomfield" ;

    a schema:CreativeWork ;
   rdfs:label "History of French architecture." ;
   schema:description "Online version:" ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <> ; # A history of French architecture,

Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.