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History of Ohio; the rise and progress of an American state,

Author: E O Randall; Daniel J Ryan
Publisher: New York, Century History Co., 1912.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Randall, E.O. (Emilius Oviatt), 1850-1919.
History of Ohio.
New York, Century History Co., 1912
(OCoLC)578198774
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: E O Randall; Daniel J Ryan
OCLC Number: 343861
Notes: Vols. 1-2 by Emilius O. Randall; v. 3-4 by Daniel J. Ryan; v. 5, "Contributed articles" and index.
Description: 5 volumes frontispieces, plates, portraits, maps, plans, facsimiles 25 cm
Responsibility: by Emilius O. Randall and Daniel J. Ryan ...

Table of Contents:

by WTYILL@KUK (WorldCat user on 2007-10-24)

CHAPTER I. THE MORAVIAN MISSIONS Luther and Loyola 3 The American Catholic Missions 4 Religious Belief of the Indians 5 Longfellow’s Errand of the Priests 6 Influence of Jesuit Missions 7 Moravian Missionaries in Ohio 9 The Moravian Brethren 10 David Zeisberger 11 Settlement at New Bethlehem 12 Shikellamy at Shamokin 13 The Onondaga Mission 14 Heckewelder and Post 15 The Ohio Delawares 16 Initial Mission on the Tuscarawas 18 Failure of the Mission 19 Journeys of Zeisberger 20 Conversion of Glikkikan 21 Zeisberger at Gekelemukpechunk 22 Zeisberger Guest of Natawatwees 23 Settlement at Schoenbrunn 24 Laws of the Mission 25 Mission at Gnadenhutten 26 Journal of David Jones 27 Jones Meets Captain Killbuck 29 Killbuck Favors Church of England 30 CHAPTER II THE OHIO INDIAN CONFEDERACY Geography of Ohio Tribes 35 Mingoes, Ottawas and Wyandots 36 Locations of the Mingoes 37 The Shawnees 38 Cornstalk Their Chief 39 Confederacy of Ohio Tribes 40 First Congress of Ohio Indians 41 Second Congress 43 Errand of Agastarax 44 Diplomacy of William Johnson 45 Progress of the Ohio Confederacy 46 Shawnee Chiefs at Fort Pitt 47 Lord Dunmore Claims Fort Pitt 48 Efforts of John Connolly 49 Settlers on Ohio Warned 50 CHAPTER III CRESAP’S WAR History of the Cresaps 55 Expedition to Yellow Creek 57 Cabin of Joshua Baker 58 The Massacre at Baker’s 59 Killing of Logan’s Sister 61 Logan’s Family 62 Logan’s Wives 63 Innocence of Michael Cresap 64 Revengefulness of Logan 66 Logan Threatens Roberts 67 Killing of Bald Eagle and Silver Heels 68 Dilemma of the Moravian Indians 69 Expedition of Angus McDonald 70 Result of the Expedition 72 Ohio Indians Consult Johnson 73 Conference at Johnson Hall 74 Death of William Johnson 75 CHAPTER IV DUNMORE’S WAR Virginia Claims Ohio 79 Quebec Act of 1774 80 Dunmore Summons Burgesses 81 Dunmore Calls for Troops 82 Army in Two Divisions 83 Dunmore Descends the Ohio 84 Builds Fort Gower 85 General Andrew Lewis 86 Composition of His Army 87 Lewis Moves Down the Kanawha 89 Reaches Point Pleasant 90 Cornstalk’s Army of Braves 91 Battle of Point Pleasant 92 Defeat of Cornstalk 97 First Battle of the Revolution 98 Motives of Lord Dunmore 99 Cornstalk Retires to Pickaway Plains 104 Dunmore’s Camp Charlotte 105 CHAPTER 5 LOGAN’S SPEECH Terms of Reconciliation 109 Logan Summoned to the Council 110 Gibson Received Logan’s Speech 111 Jefferson Quotes the Speech 112 Martin-Jefferson Controversy 113 Alleged Guilt of Cresap 114 Testimony of Tomlinson 115 Statement of Butterfield 116 Gibson’s Affidavit 117 Conclusion as to the Speech 118 Alfred Lee’s Tribute 119 CHAPTER VI RESULT OF THE DUNMORE WAR Advance of Lewis into Ohio 123 Lewis and Dunmore in Accord 124 Return of Lewis to Virginia 126 Crawford’s Letter to Washington 127 Declaration of Independence at Fort Gower 129 Site of Fort Gower 132 Dunmore Returns to Williamsburg 133 Bancroft on Dunmore’s Campaign 134 Guy Johnson and the Six Nations 136 Continental Congress and the Indians 137 Indian Departments Created 138 Indian Congress at Fort Dunmore 139 Heckwelder’s Account of the Congress 140 Camp Charlotte Treaty Affirmed 141 CHAPTER VII THE WARPATH OF THE REVOLUTION Virginian Claims to Ohio 145 Plans of Richard Henderson 146 Treaty with the Cherokees 147 Daniel Boone Starts for Kentucky 148 Boonesborough and Harrodstown 149 Scheme for Transylvania 150 Machinations of Connolly 151 Tribal Gatherings at Detroit 152 Continental Congress and Indians 153 Resolution of Congress 154 Transylvania’s Delegates to Congress 155 County of Kentucky 156 Assassination of Cornstalk 157 Opening of Revolution in Ohio 159 The Girtys 160 Simon Girty, the Elder 161 Dispersion of the Sons 162 Simon Girty Friendly to England 163 Embassy of James Wood 164 CHAPTER VIII FIRST SEIGE AT FORT HENRY Henry Hamilton at Detroit 169 The Chillicothes 170 Girty Not at Fort Henry 171 Shepherd Commands the Fort 172 Bravery of Women Inmates 173 McCullough’s Leap 174 Fate of William Foreman 177 English Employ Indians 178 Capture of Daniel Boone 179 Black Fish Adopts Boone 180 Escape of Boone 181 Siege of Boonesborough 182 The Renegade Triumvirate 183 The Renegades at Goschochgung 184 Delawares Adhere to Americans 185 CHAPTER IX CLARK’S CONQUEST OF THE WEST English in Northwest 189 Structure of Western Posts 190 Patrick Henry Approves Clark’s Plan 191 Army of George Rogers Clark 192 Clark Starts from Redstone 193 Clark Reaches Fort Massac 194 Capture of Kaskaskia 195 Aid of Father Gibault 196 Detour of Joseph Bowman 197 Indian Chiefs at Vincennes 198 Clark Pacifies the Indians 199 Attempt to Capture Clark 200 News of Clark’s Conquest 201 Indian Council at Detroit 202 British Use of Indians 203 Hamilton the Hair-Buyer 204 Hamilton Starts for Vincennes 205 Surrender of Vincennes 206 Clark Starts for Vincennes 207 Difficulties of the March 208 Attack on Fort Sackville 209 Hamilton Surrenders to Clark 210 Creation of County of Illinois 211 CHAPTER X McINTOSH BUILDS FORT LAURENS Detroit Western British Headquarters 215 Attack on Fort Randolph 216 Squaw Campaign 217 Sullivan’s Spying Tour 218 Plan for Invading the West 219 McIntosh Commands Fort Pitt 220 Indian Meeting at Fort Pitt 221 Death of White Eyes 222 Building of Fort McIntosh 224 Site of Fort Laurens 225 Gibson at Fort Laurens 226 Activity of the Renegades 227 CHAPTER XI CAPTIVITY OF SIMON KENTON Kenton “alias” Butler 231 Kenton with George Rogers Clark 232 Kenton with Colonel Bowman 233 Kenton a Prisoner 234 Kenton’s Captivity 236 Kenton Sentenced to Death 238 Kenton at Machecheek 239 McClung’s Account 240 Girty’s Speech 242 Girty Entertains Kenton 244 Death Decree of Kenton 245 Appearance of Pierre Druillard 247 Kenton Reaches Detroit 249 CHAPTER XII SIEGE OF FORT LAURENS Girty’s Indians Attack the Fort 253 Repulse of Rescuing Parties 254 Captain Bird at Upper Sandusky 255 Unsuccessful Sortie from the Fort 256 Sufferings of the Garrison 257 Relief Expedition of McIntosh 257 Major Ward Left in Command 258 Girty’s Plot Against Zeisberger 259 End of Fort Laurens Siege 260 Evacuation of the Fort 261 Scouting of Samuel Brady 262 Brady’s Leap 263 Scene of Brady’s Leap 265 CHAPTER XIII OHIO INVASION BY BOWMAN AND CLARK Preparations of Bowman 269 Attack on Old Chillicothe 270 Death of Black Fish 271 Distribution of Spoils 272 Result of Expedition 273 Solicitude at Detroit 274 Movements of the Girtys 275 Benham’s Adventure 276 Depressing Year of 1780 277 Simon Girty’s Wife 278 Advance on Louisville 279 Sack of Ruddle’s Station 280 Siege of Martin’s Station 281 Last Glimpse of Logan 282 Death of Logan 283 Character of Logan 284 Result of Bird’s Licking Raid 285 Clark’s (1780) Ohio Expedition 286 Battle of Piqua 287 Death of Joseph Rogers 288 CHAPTER XIV BRODHEAD DESTROYS GOSCHOCHGUNG Brodhead Plans against Detroit 293 Lack of Supplies 294 Washington’s Appeal to Congress 295 Hostility of the Delawares 296 Brodhead’s Expedition 297 Brodhead Reaches Goschochgung 298 Treatment of the Captives 299 Report of Brodhead 300 Results of Expedition 301 Moravians Invited to Fort Pitt 302 Moravian Missions Attacked 303 Flight of the Moravians 304 Settle at Captives’ Town 305 Clark’s Plan against Detroit 306 Jefferson’s Approval 307 Clark Starts from Fort Pitt 308 Lochery’s Expedition 309 Slaughter of Lochery’s Party 310 Quarrel Between Brant and Girty 312 Clark Abandons Detroit Plan 313 CHAPTER XV THE MORAVIAN MASSACRE News of Cornwallis’ Surrender 317 Moravians at Detroit 318 De Peyster’s Indian Policy 319 Williamson at Moravian Villages 320 Moravians at Tuscarawas Town 321 Zeisberger Hears of the Massacre 322 Enemies of the Moravians 323 Neutrality of the Moravians 324 Attack on Cabin of Wallace 325 Hostility of Pennsylvanians 326 Williamson’s Expedition 327 Authority for the Expedition 328 Soldiers Assemble at Mingo River 330 Expedition Reaches Gnadenhutten 332 Question of the Slaughter 333 The Scene of Butchery 334 Incidents in the Massacre 335 Christy’s Account of the Massacre 337 CHAPTER XVI THE EXPEDITION AGAINST SANDUSKY Sentiment of the Borderers 341 The Sandusky Plains 342 Headquarters of the Wyandots 343 Names Sandusky 344 Importance of Little Sandusky 345 Plans Against Upper Sandusky 346 Washington-Irvine Correspondence 347 Rendezvous at Mingo Bottom 348 Attire of the Pioneer Soldiers 349 William Crawford Chosen Captain 350 Lieutenant John Rose 351 March to Sandusky 352 Activity of Simon Girty 353 The British and Indians 354 Crawford Reaches Sandusky Plains 355 Approaching the Battlefield 356 Contest for Battle Island 357 Second Day’s Contest 358 Retreat of Crawford 359 Battle of Olentangy 360 CHAPTER XVII THE BURNING OF WILLIAM CRAWFORD Flight of Crawford 365 Capture of Crawford 366 Decision to Burn Crawford 367 Taken to Little Tymochtee 368 Tortures of Crawford 369 Dr. Knight’s Account 370 Death of Crawford 371 Indian Motives for Revenge 372 Fate of Dr. Knight 374 Escape of John Slover 375 CHAPTER XVIII CLOSE OF THE REVOLUTION IN OHIO Indian Conclave at Wapatomica 379 Proposed Attack on Fort Henry 380 Caldwell Attacks Bryant’s Station 381 Americans Entrapped 382 Battle of Blue Licks 383 Caldwell’s Report to de Peyster 384 Advance on Fort Henry 385 Second Siege of Fort Henry 386 Heroism of Betty Zane 387 Secures Powder for the Fort 390 Molly Scott not the Heroine 391 Character of the Siege 392 Statement of De Haas 393 Battlefield of Blue Licks 394 Clark’s Expedition to Ohio 395 Proceeds to Loramie’s Post 396 Indian Policy of Congress 397 Three Expeditions Proposed 398 Girty’s Last Raid 399 CHAPTER XIX THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY Treaty of Paris 403 Provisions as to Debts 404 Surrender of British Posts 405 Indian Claims to the Country 406 Four Claimant States 407 Claims of Massachusetts 408 Claims of Virginia 409 Cession by New York 410 Cession by Virginia 411 Effect of the Cessions 412 Treaty of Fort Stanwix 413 Cornplanter and Red Jacket 414 Joseph Brant in London 415 Fort McIntosh Treaty 416 General Butler’s Account 417 Fort Finney Treaty Fruitless 418 Brant’s Conferences with British 419 Survey of Northwest Territory 420 CHAPTER XX THE ORDINANCE OF 1787 Petition of Rufus Putnam 425 The Jefferson Ordinance 426 Ordinance Committee of 1786 428 Manasseh Cutler 429 Provisions of 1787 Ordinance 430 Articles of the Ordinance 431 Nature of the Ordinance 432 Authorship of the Ordinance 433 King’s Slavery Clause 434 Ordinance a Composite Document 436 CHAPTER XXI THE OHIO COMPANY OF ASSOCIATES Poverty of the Revolutionary Veterans 439 Rufus Putnam 440 Surveyor in the Revolution 441 Benjamin Tupper 442 Project of Putnam and Tupper 444 Ohio Company of Associates 445 Agency of Manasseh Cutler 446 His Diversity of Talent 447 Putnam and Cutler 448 Cutler before Congress 449 Colonel William Duer 450 Ordinance of Purchase 451 Contract of Sale 452 Result of Purchase 453 Meetings of Ohio Company 454 Settlement to be on Muskingum 455 The Rendezvous at Sumrill’s Ferry 456 The Adventure Galley 457 Character of Migrants 458 Landing at Fort Harmar 459 Site of Marietta 460 Plan of the Town 461 Fourth of July Celebration 462 Officers of the Northwest Territory 463 Arrival of Governor St. Clair 465 First Laws of the Colony 466 County of Washington 467 Cutler visits Marietta 468 CHAPTER XXII SYMMES’ PURCHASE AND THE FRENCH COLONY Opposition to Western Emigration 471 The Miami Country 472 Major Benjamin Stites 473 The Symmes Project 474 Columbia and North Bend 475 Founders of Cincinnati 476 Robert Patterson 477 Filson and Losantiville 478 Disappearance of Filson 479 Erection of Fort Washington 480 Settlement of Dayton 481 Scheme of William Duer 482 Scioto Company proposed 483 Method of Land Sale 484 Joel Barlow Foreign Agent 485 Compagnie du Scioto 486 Operations in Paris 487 Prospectus of the Company 488 Brilliant Promises 489 Hutchins Certifies to Prospectus 490 Volney’s Statement 491 Collapse of the Scioto Company 492 American Trust for the Company 493 Troubles of the Company 494 Character of the Migrants 495 Napoleon’s Intention 496 Company Land at Alexandria 497 Arrival at Gallipolis 498 Friendliness of the Indians 499 Invalidity of Land Titles 500 CHAPTER XXIII POST-REVOLUTION CAMPAIGNS Indians Ignore the Treaties 505 Tribal Council at Detroit 506 Fort Harmar Council 507 Treaties of Stanwix and McIntosh Confirmed 508 Indian Policy of St. Clair 509 Embassy of Antoine Gamelin 510 Incursion of General Harmar 511 Hostile Activities of the British 512 Preparation for Harmar’s Campaign 513 Harmar’s March North 514 Defeat of Harmar 515 Harmar’s Retreat 516 Little Turtle and Wells 517 Court of Inquiry for Harmar 518 Big Bottom Massacre 519 Duplicity of the British Officials 520 Expedition of Scott and Wilkinson 521 Preparations for St. Clair’s Campaign 522 Start for Fort Hamilton 523 Ambuscade at the Wabash 524 Slaughter of St. Clair’s Army 525 St. Clair’s Loss of Men and Stores 526 Wilkinson’s Visit to the Field 527 Washington Receives the News 528 Discomfiture of the Government 530 Efforts for Peace with the Indians 531 Councils with the Tribes 532 Attitude of British Government 533 CHAPTER XXIV FALLEN TIMBERS AND THE GREENVILLE TREATY Wayne Assembles an Army 537 Lowry Attacked by Little Turtle 538 Wayne Establishes Fort Greenville 539 William Wells the Scout 540 Possession of Site of Fort Recovery 541 Little Turtle attacks Fort Recovery 542 British Occupy Fort Miami 543 Hostility of British Authorities 544 Wayne Builds Fort Defiance 545 Fate of Scout May 546 War Council of the Indians 547 Advance to Fallen Timbers 548 Wayne’s Report of the Battle 549 Rout of the Indians 550 Forces in the Battle 551 Wayne Returns to Fort Wayne 552 Indian Council at Detroit 553 The Chiefs Desire a Treaty 554 Indians assemble at Greenville 555 Proceedings at Greenville 556 Articles of the Treaty 557 John Jay in England 558 The Jay Treaty 559 Death of Wayne 560 Tarhe, the Crane 561 Tarhe, Friendly to the Whites 562 Tarhe at Franklinton Council 563 Tecumseh, the Shawnee 564 Journeys of Tecumseh 565 Tecumseh’s Brother, the Prophet 566 Battle of Tippecanoe 567 Tecumseh Joins the British 568 Battle of the Thames 569 Tecumseh’s Heroic Traits 570 CHAPTER XXV THE WESTERN RESERVE The Moravians at Detroit 573 Settlement at Pilgerruh 574 The Moravian Ohio Land 575 Connecticut’s Charter 576 The Western Reserve 575 The “Firelands” 578 Sale of the Western Reserve 579 Connecticut Land Company 580 The Company Starts West 581 Arrival at Post Independence 582 Council with the Indians 583 Settlement on the Cuyahoga 584 Moses Cleaveland 585 Survey of the Western Reserve 586 The Land Speculation 587 Non-Jurisdiction of the Reserve 588 Controversy over Jurisdiction 589 John Marshall’s Solution 590 Settlement of the Reserve 591 Nathaniel Massie 592 Manchester Settlement 593 Massie Founds Chillicothe 594 Lucas Sullivant and Franklinton 595 Territorial Legislature 596 Ohio Becomes a State 597 Ethnology of the Ohioan 598 The Fusion of the Races 599 The Ohioan and the American 600 ILLUSTRATIONS Arthur St. Clair Frontispiece David Zeisberger Facing Page 11 John Heckewelder “ “ 15 Zeisberger Preaching “ “ 25 Map of the Pickaway Plains “ “ 105 Simon Kenton “ “ 233 Chief Joseph Brant “ “ 312 Colonel William Crawford “ “ 367 Burning of Crawford “ “ 371 Rufus Putnam “ “ 440 Home of Rufus Putnam “ “ 440 Manasseh Cutler “ “ 447 Home of Manasseh Cutler “ “ 447 The Galley Adventure “ “ 459 The Campus Martius “ “ 459 Fort Harmar in 1790 “ “ 463 Washington’s Ohio Land Warrant “ “ 467 John Cleves Symmes “ “ 473 Robert Patterson “ “ 477 John Filson “ “ 481 Joel Barlow “ “ 485 Original Gallipolis “ “ 485 Land Grants and Surveys “ “ 487 Cincinnati in 1800 “ “ 497 General Josiah Harmar “ “ 513 Fort Washington “ “ 513 General Anthony Wayne “ “ 539 The Greenville Treaty “ “ 557 Chief Little Turtle “ “ 559 Chief Tecumseh “ “ 563 Elkswatawa, the Prophet “ “ 565 Fort Defiance “ “ 571 Moses Cleaveland “ “ 580 Cleveland in 1800 “ “ 584 Nathaniel Massie “ “ 593 Lucas Sullivant “ “ 595

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