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Holocaust testimony of Hertha Scholz Beese : transcript of audiotaped interview

Author: Hertha Scholz Beese; Hanna Silver; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
Publisher: Melrose Park, PA : Gratz College, 1983.
Series: Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive, no. 104.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Hertha Scholz Beese was born in Berlin, Germany September 10, 1902 into a non-Jewish German family. Her parents were active in the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and trade unions. Hertha attended schools in Berlin, pre-World War I with Jews and Catholics. She was forced to participate in Protestant religious instruction of the Landeskirche because she was not baptized. In 1933, she and other SPD members lost their  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Personal narratives
Personal narratives, German
Named Person: Hertha Scholz Beese
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Hertha Scholz Beese; Hanna Silver; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
OCLC Number: 42868922
Notes: Typescript.
Accompanied by 2 sound cassettes in German.
Translated transcript of taped interview conducted on October 15, 1983.
Description: 1 volume (unpaged) ; 28 cm + 2 audiocassettes.
Series Title: Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive, no. 104.
Responsibility: interviewer, Hanna Silver.

Abstract:

Hertha Scholz Beese was born in Berlin, Germany September 10, 1902 into a non-Jewish German family. Her parents were active in the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and trade unions. Hertha attended schools in Berlin, pre-World War I with Jews and Catholics. She was forced to participate in Protestant religious instruction of the Landeskirche because she was not baptized. In 1933, she and other SPD members lost their jobs. She describes Nazi persecution of Socialists and Communists as well as Jews. Her resistance group, one of the more than 20 in Berlin, hid people until they could cross the mountains into Switzerland. She details sheltering Jews and non-Jews in her home. She testifies to the beating of her brother by SA stormtroopers, prior to 1933, and the terrorization of non-Jewish Berliners. In Berchtesgaden, she observed resentment of local residents toward the SS and the exploitation of German laborers. She describes her refusal to fly the Nazi flag, her children's refusal to join the Hitler Youth, and the devious means she used to avoid serving in the Luftschutz. She had to work in the Arbeitsdienst from 1943 to 1945 as a teacher in the Spreewald area. She also worked illegally as a bookkeeper for Jewish cattle dealers who were SPD members who joined the Nazi party to avoid deportation. A local farmer hid several Jewish Berliners she brought to him. She became vice-chair of the Brandenburg SPD in 1945, chaired an anti-fascist commission in Potsdam, and was deputy mayor of Reinickendorf, 1948-1965. She was honored with the Golden Rose of Paris for aid to French prisoners of war and was declared an "Elder Statesman" of Berlin.

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