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Holocaust testimony of K.R. : transcript of audiotaped interview

Author: K R; Ellen Rofman; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
Publisher: Melrose Park, PA : Gratz College, 1985.
Series: Gratz College Oral History Archive, no. 44.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
[1] "K. R. was born in Ternopilʹ (Ukraine) [then Tarnopol, Poland], March 31, 1922. Her father was a businessman. Her family was greatly influenced by Viennese culture. She briefly describes the start of overt anti-Semitism in her schools. She was a member of Hanoar Hatzioni and active in Zionist youth groups in Ternopilʹ and Lwów [then Lv́ov]. In 1940, she and a group of Hanoar Hatzioni members were arrested as
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Genre/Form: Personal narratives
Personal narratives, Jewish
Named Person: K R
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: K R; Ellen Rofman; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
OCLC Number: 35776505
Notes: Accompanied by 2 sound cassettes.
Transcript of taped interview conducted on Oct. 1, 1985.
Description: 22 pages ; 28 cm + 2 audiocassettes.
Series Title: Gratz College Oral History Archive, no. 44.
Responsibility: interviewer, Ellen Rofman.

Abstract:

[1] "K. R. was born in Ternopilʹ (Ukraine) [then Tarnopol, Poland], March 31, 1922. Her father was a businessman. Her family was greatly influenced by Viennese culture. She briefly describes the start of overt anti-Semitism in her schools. She was a member of Hanoar Hatzioni and active in Zionist youth groups in Ternopilʹ and Lwów [then Lv́ov]. In 1940, she and a group of Hanoar Hatzioni members were arrested as they tried to cross the border illegally. K.R. was sent to prison and later transferred to a labor camp near the Arctic Circle. She describes the harsh conditions in the camp and why some of her fellow prisoners did not survive. She was released because she was Polish but given Soviet citizenship and sent to another part of Russia by train. Many strangers helped her during this time.

[2] "She worked as a bookkeeper at a kolkhoz near the Russian Gevichi [sic] Gorky. When the German Army advanced she was deported to Kazakstan by train. She describes the conditions under which she lived. She worked as a bookkeeper in Kustonay. After the war, she returned to Ternopilʹ and found it almost completely destroyed. She joined a kibbutz in Lodz and worked with Hashomer Hatzair to prepare young Russian refugees for life in Palestine. She organized and led illegal border crossings to get there. During this time she met and married her husband. They went to Palestine from Cyprus, on a ship called The State of Israel in 1948, escorting a group of young Jewish children who had been hidden in monasteries or by Polish families. K.R. then reflects about how experiences have shaped her outlook on life and her views about human behavior."--Summary.

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