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Holocaust testimony of Manya Perel, nee Frydman : transcript of audiotaped interview : historical comments by Michael Steinlauf

Author: Manya Perel; Nora Levin; Michael Steinlauf; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
Publisher: Melrose Park, PA : Gratz College, 1996.
Series: Gratz College Oral History Archive, no. 59.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
[1] Manya Perel, nee Frydman, was born in 1924 in Radom, Poland. She was the youngest of ten children in a traditional Jewish family. Her father had a bakery. She describes her education and Jewish life in Radom, Polish antisemitism, the Przytyk pogrom in 1936, and continues with the post-September 1939 German invasion. She mentions persecutions, deportations of younger males to the Belzec labor camp in 1941, the
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Personal narratives
Personal narratives, Jewish
Named Person: Manya Perel; Manya Perel
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Manya Perel; Nora Levin; Michael Steinlauf; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
OCLC Number: 37150805
Notes: Accompanied by 2 sound cassettes.
Transcript of taped interview conducted on Oct. 26, 1982.
Description: 22 pages ; 28 cm + 2 audiocassettes.
Series Title: Gratz College Oral History Archive, no. 59.
Responsibility: interviewer, Nora Levin.

Abstract:

[1] Manya Perel, nee Frydman, was born in 1924 in Radom, Poland. She was the youngest of ten children in a traditional Jewish family. Her father had a bakery. She describes her education and Jewish life in Radom, Polish antisemitism, the Przytyk pogrom in 1936, and continues with the post-September 1939 German invasion. She mentions persecutions, deportations of younger males to the Belzec labor camp in 1941, the establishment of the ghetto in Radom, the collaboration of Volksdeutsche and Ukrainians in brutalities, and some help by Jewish police. She details the August 1942 "resettlement" of Radom Jews to the Treblinka gas chambers, with younger able-bodied persons retained for forced labor in factories near Radom. She describes her efforts to hide her five-year-old niece in the barracks of a Majdenek sub-camp.

[2] She was transfered to Majdenek, then to Plaszow and to Auschwitz. She describes the conditions in these camps and the even harsher conditions in Gundelsdorf, Oberfranken, Germany, where slave laborers were taken as the Russian army approached. She experienced near starvation in early 1945 during the flight with guards to the Camps Ravensbrück and Reichlin. She nearly dies of typhus after liberation. After she recovered, she made her way back to Radom to search for her family and found continued antisemitism there. She remembers the German promise of safe exit to Radom Jews with foreign passports in exchange for prisoners of war and how they were executed instead. She went to Stuttgart with the help of the U.N.R.R.A and the Joint Distribution Committee. After 3 years of rehabilitation, she emigrated to Montreal, Canada, in 1948 and moved to Philadelphia in 1958.

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Primary Entity

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