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Holocaust testimony of Miro Auferber : transcript of audiotaped interview

Author: Miro Auferber; Vera Rosenberg; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
Publisher: Melrose Park, PA : Gratz College, 1987.
Series: Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive, no. 106.
Edition/Format:   Book : Biography : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Miro Auferber was interviewed in Haifa, Israel in Yiddish which his interviewer translated into English. He was born in Osijek, Croatia, November 22, 1913. His father was a manufacturer and his family was active in the Jewish community and belonged to Zionist organizations. Miro was taken to forced labor, his parents perished in Auschwitz and his pregnant wife was killed by the Ustasha. He also served as a reserve  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Personal narratives
Personal narratives, Jewish
Named Person: Miro Auferber
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Miro Auferber; Vera Rosenberg; Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive.
OCLC Number: 43924746
Notes: Typescript.
Accompanied by 1 sound cassette translated from Yiddish into English.
Transcript of taped interview conducted on June 16, 1987.
Description: 1 v. (unpaged) ; 28 cm. + 1 sound cassettes.
Series Title: Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive, no. 106.
Responsibility: interviewer, Vera Rosenberg.

Abstract:

Miro Auferber was interviewed in Haifa, Israel in Yiddish which his interviewer translated into English. He was born in Osijek, Croatia, November 22, 1913. His father was a manufacturer and his family was active in the Jewish community and belonged to Zionist organizations. Miro was taken to forced labor, his parents perished in Auschwitz and his pregnant wife was killed by the Ustasha. He also served as a reserve officer in the Yugoslav army in 1941, became a prisoner of war but managed to escape. Miro talks about his experiences, often in great detail, as a slave laborer and a prisoner, in Gospic harvesting crops, and in Jasenovac working at a steam power plant in 1941. He gives a detailed account of the detention camp where his group and Jews from Pag were imprisoned; both Jews and Serbs were brutalized and starved, as well as cruel treatment by Ustasha guards. No written records of prisoners were kept until 1942. He explains how a leather factory established by Sylvio Alkali, a Sarajevan, and Avraham Dimayo, a Jew from Belgrade, enabled the prisoners to survive. In 1942 the Ustashi liquidated thousands of Jews they brought to Jasenovac. In April 1945, the population of Jasenova was liquidated and the buildings destroyed. 250 of the leather workers, includiong Miro, resisted but all but eight were killed. Miro joined the partisans, the Yugoslav People's Army. He mentions his return to Osijek, subsequent arrest and release. Miro talks about his feelings of shame and guilt. He again details the atrocities the Ustashi committed against Serbs and Jews. Mr. Auferber emigrated to Israel in 1948.

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