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The House of Lords and ideological politics : Lord Salisbury's referendal theory and the Conservative Party, 1846-1922

Author: Corinne Comstock Weston
Publisher: Philadelphia, PA : American Philosophical Society, [1995] ©1995
Series: Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, v. 215.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This study of ideological politics in Victorian and Edwardian England centers on a referendal theory promoted by the great Lord Salisbury when he opposed William Gladstone's Liberal governments. It was subsequently carried forward in the form of the referendum by Salisbury's son-in-law and ideological heir, the second Lord Selborne. Salisbury is today recognized as the most successful electorally of Conservative  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Biography
History
Named Person: Robert Cecil Salisbury, Marquess of; Robert Cecil Salisbury, Marquess of; Robert Cecil of Salisbury; Robert Cecil Salisbury, marquis de)
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Corinne Comstock Weston
ISBN: 0871692155 9780871692153
OCLC Number: 33230972
Description: ix, 242 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
The emergent theory, 1846-68 --
Salisbury and the Irish Church Bill --
"Legislating by picnic" --
The Great Scenario --
Selborne and the imperial factor --
The closing door.
Series Title: Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, v. 215.
Responsibility: Corinne Comstock Weston.

Abstract:

"This study of ideological politics in Victorian and Edwardian England centers on a referendal theory promoted by the great Lord Salisbury when he opposed William Gladstone's Liberal governments. It was subsequently carried forward in the form of the referendum by Salisbury's son-in-law and ideological heir, the second Lord Selborne. Salisbury is today recognized as the most successful electorally of Conservative leaders." "Selborne, though not as well known to historians, had a high contemporary reputation as an imperial proconsul who had united South Africa. According to the referendal theory, the house of lords had a duty to refer disputed legislation to the electorate when the house of commons, in the lords' judgment, lacked a mandate for the measure in question. That is, the lords' political barometer was not the commons, as Gladstone contended, but the nation at large." "If this proposition prevailed, the lords could freely exercise an independent legislative veto in an age of expanding democracy. Not until the Liberals passed the Parliament Act (1911) were they able to counter the theory effectively. But well before this stage was reached, Selborne's advocacy of the referendum was challenged by another Conservative leader, Lord Curzon, who had served for a decade as viceroy of India. The rivalry that followed two imperial proconsuls provides this study with one of its most provocative and illuminating themes."--Jacket.

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