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How does trade openness influence budget deficits in developing countries?

Author: Jean-Louis Combès; Tahsin Saadi-Sedik; International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Department.
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : International Monetary Fund, Fiscal Affairs Dept., 2006.
Series: IMF working paper, WP/06/3.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper analyzes the effects of trade openness on budget balances by distinguishing the effects of natural openness from those of trade-policy induced openness. Using the GMMsystem estimator, the econometric analysis focuses on 66 developing countries during 1974-98. The results show that trade openness increases a country's exposure to external shocks regardless of its underlying causes. This reinforces the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jean-Louis Combès; Tahsin Saadi-Sedik; International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Department.
ISBN: 9781451907995 1451907990
OCLC Number: 535146924
Description: 1 online resource (20 pages).
Series Title: IMF working paper, WP/06/3.
Responsibility: prepared by Jean-Louis Combes and Tahsin Saadi-Sedik.

Abstract:

This paper analyzes the effects of trade openness on budget balances by distinguishing the effects of natural openness from those of trade-policy induced openness. Using the GMMsystem estimator, the econometric analysis focuses on 66 developing countries during 1974-98. The results show that trade openness increases a country's exposure to external shocks regardless of its underlying causes. This reinforces the adverse effects of terms of trade instability on budget balances. However, trade openness also influences budget balances through several other channels: corruption, income inequalities, etc. The paper shows that these additional effects of natural openness and trade-policy induced openness on budget balances go in opposite directions: the former deteriorates budget balances whereas the latter improves them.

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