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Human illnesses.

Author: Peter Williamson Md; John Allman Phd.
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, [2011]
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The genetic correlates of neuropsychiatric disorders are now known, but none have come close to explaining the great variety of human psychiatric illnesses. This volume, written by a neuropsychiatrist and an evolutionary biologist, offers a new paradigm for understanding these disorders. Proposing that neuronal pathways which underlie neuropsychiatric conditions mirror unique human capabilities, the authors iterate  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Peter Williamson Md; John Allman Phd.
ISBN: 0199709483 9780199709489
OCLC Number: 953436299
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Chapter 1 The Human Illnesses; John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911); Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926); Leo Kanner (1894-1981); Arnold Pick (1851-1924); Current DSM-IV-TR Classification; Debates About the Usefulness of Current Classifications; Could the Human Brain Tell Us Something About These Disorders?; Overview of the Volume; Chapter 2 Background on the Brain; Brain Development; Relevant Brain Regions; Neuronal Circuits Related to Learning New Behaviors; Neuronal Circuits Related to Emotional Regulation; Summary; Chapter 3 Unique Aspects of the Human Brain; The Emergence of Homo sapiens. Brain Size and MorphologyAre There Unique Cell Types?; Genetic Studies; Human Cognition Compared to Non-human Cognition; Consciousness; Summary; Chapter 4 Schizophrenia; Epidemiology and Natural Course; Neuropsychological Findings; Electrophysiological Findings; Neurotransmitter Abnormalities; Neuropathological Studies; Genetic Investigations; Brain Imaging Studies; Schizophrenia, Increased Apolipoprotein L-1, and Resistance to Trypanosome Brain Infection; Overview; Chapter 5 Bipolar Disorders; Epidemiology and Natural Course; Neuropsychological Findings; Psychophysiological Findings. Neurotransmitter AbnormalitiesNeuropathological Studies; Genetic Investigations; Brain Imaging Studies; Depression and Inflammation; Overview; Chapter 6 Autism, ADHD, and Anorexia Nervosa; Autism; Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); Anorexia Nervosa, Self-Awareness, and Autism Spectrum Disorders; Overview; Chapter 7 Frontotemporal Dementia; Epidemiology and Natural Course; Neuropsychological Findings; Neuropathological Studies; Genetic Investigations; Brain Imaging Studies; Overview; Chapter 8 Self-Monitoring Systems; Brain Imaging Studies of Self-Awareness. Corollary Discharge SystemsTheory of Mind; Default Network; Overview; Chapter 9 Language Systems; The Nature of Language; Do Primates Have Language?; Imaging Language; Language Anomalies in Neuropsychiatric Disorders; Language Cannot Be Considered in Isolation; Chapter 10 Affective Processing and the Social Brain; Emotional Processing in Animals; Neurobiology of Emotions in Humans; The Social Brain; Self-Awareness, Empathy, and Intuition; Eating Together and the Complex Social Emotions; Implications for Neuropsychiatric Disorders; Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Genetic Imprinting; Overview. Chapter 11 Why Do We Have These Disorders?Representation in the Human Brain; Schizophrenia; Bipolar Disorder; Autism; Frontotemporal Dementia; Neuropsychiatric Disorders and the Representational Brain; Genetic Correlates; Overview; Chapter 12 Implications; The Search for Final Common Pathways; Should We Give Up on Gene Studies?; What Do Neuropsychiatric Disorders Tell Us About the Human Brain?; What About Other Neuropsychiatric Disorders?; The Default Network and the Representational Brain; The Representational Brain, Attentional Networks, and Human Awareness.

Abstract:

The genetic correlates of neuropsychiatric disorders are now known, but none have come close to explaining the great variety of human psychiatric illnesses. This volume, written by a neuropsychiatrist and an evolutionary biologist, offers a new paradigm for understanding these disorders. Proposing that neuronal pathways which underlie neuropsychiatric conditions mirror unique human capabilities, the authors iterate a new paradigm by which to understand human psychiatric illnesses. Human capabilities such as theory of mind, language, and complex social behaviors are explored through their histo.

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