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Hydrodynamic Target Response to an Induced Spatial Incoherence-Smoothed Laser Beam.

Author: M H Emery; J H Gardner; R H Lehmberg; S P Obenschain; NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC.
Publisher: Ft. Belvoir : Defense Technical Information Center, 23 JUL 1991.
Edition/Format:   Book : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
One of the critical elements for high gain target designs is the high degree of symmetry that must be maintained in the implosion process. The induced spatial incoherence (ISI) concept has some promise for reducing ablation pressure nonuniformities to about 1%. The ISI method produces a spatial irradiance profile that undergoes large random fluctuations on picosecond time scales but is smooth on long time scales.  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: M H Emery; J H Gardner; R H Lehmberg; S P Obenschain; NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC.
OCLC Number: 227771719
Notes: Memorandum rept.
Description: 43 p. ; 23 x 29 cm.

Abstract:

One of the critical elements for high gain target designs is the high degree of symmetry that must be maintained in the implosion process. The induced spatial incoherence (ISI) concept has some promise for reducing ablation pressure nonuniformities to about 1%. The ISI method produces a spatial irradiance profile that undergoes large random fluctuations on picosecond time scales but is smooth on long time scales. The ability of the ISI method to produce a nearly uniform ablation pressure is contingent on both temporal smoothing and thermal diffusion. In the startup phase of a shaped reactor-like laser pulse, the target is directly illuminated by the laser light and thermal diffusion is not effective at smoothing residual nonuniformities in the laser beam. During this period in the laser pulse, the target response is dominated by the initial shock generated by the laser pulse and the results indicate that this first shock can be the determining factor in the success or failure of the implosion process. The results of numerical simulations of several target/laser pulse designs which were investigated in an attempt to mitigate the impact of the initial shock structure stemming from the early temporal phase of an ISI- smoothed laser beam are presented. It is shown that foam like layers, multiple laser wavelengths and shallow angles of incidence can sharply reduce the perturbation level stemming from the first shock.

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