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Ibn Taymiyya's Theodicy of perpetual optimism

Author: Jon Hoover
Publisher: Leiden : Brill, 2007.
Series: Islamic philosophy, theology, and science, v.73.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The Muslim jurist Ibn Taymiyya (d. 1328) is famous for polemic against Islamic philosophy, theology and rationalizing mysticism, but his positive theological contribution has not been well understood. This comprehensive study of Ibn Taymiyya's theodicy helps to rectify this lack. Exposition and analysis of Ibn Taymiyya's writings on God's justice and wise purpose, divine determination and human agency, the problem  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Hoover, Jon.
Ibn Taymiyya's Theodicy of perpetual optimism.
Leiden : Brill, 2007
(OCoLC)646562908
Named Person: Aḥmad ibn ʻAbd al-Ḥalīm Ibn Taymīyah; Aḥmad Ibn-ʻAbd-al-Ḥalīm Ibn-Taimīya
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jon Hoover
ISBN: 9789004158474 9004158472
OCLC Number: 137334645
Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph.D. - Birmingham, 2002) under the title: An Islamic Theodicy: Ibn Taymiyya on the Wise Purpose of God, Human Agency, and Problems of Evil and Justice.
Description: xii, 270 p. ; 25 cm.
Contents: Introduction ----
I. Worship, religious epistemology and theological jurisprudence. 1. Ibn Taymiyya as a theological jurist ---
2. The centrality of worshipping God alone ---
3. The correspondence of reason and revelation ---
4. On knowing that God Exists and that he alone should be worshipped ---
5. The methodology of theological jurisprudence ---
6. The apologetic quality of Ibn Taymiyya's theological jurisprudence ----
II. God's wise purpose, perpetual activity and self-sufficiency. 1. The problematic of God's goodness and God's self-sufficiency ---
2. Joseph Bell on God's wise purpose and self-sufficiency in Ibn Taymiyya's theology ---
3. Ibn Taymiyya's classification of views on wise purpose/causality in the will of God ---
4. The Ash'ari case against causality in the will of God : it entails imperfection and origination in God, as well as an infinite regress ---
5. Ibn Taymiyya's case for a God who acts perpetually for wise purposes and creates from eternity ---
6. Ibn Taymiyya on God's voluntary acts subsisting in God's essence ---
7. Ibn Taymiyya on God's sufficiency apart from the worlds in the exercise of wise purpose ----
III. God's creation and God's command. 1. Ibn Taymiyya's creation/command hermeneutic ---
2. Ibn Taymiyya's classification of errors in creation and command ---
3. Ibn Taymiyya : analogy is the cause of error in creation and command ---
4. Modes of expressing creation and command in Ibn Taymiyya's thought ---
5. Ibn Taymiyya defending the coherence of creation and command ----
IV. God's creation of acts in the human agent. 1. Ibn Taymiyya's view of the human act in prior research ---
2. The theological and philosophical context ---
3. Ibn Taymiyya on the compatibility of divine creation and human action ---
4. Ibn Taymiyya's view of divine creation by means of secondary causes ---
5. Ibn Taymiyya on controversial Kalam terms relating to human agency ---
6. Ibn Taymiyya's compatibilism as the golden mean (wasat) ----
V. The wise purpose and origin of evil. 1. Ibn Taymiyya and the explanation of evil in Islamic theodicies ---
2. Ibn Taymiyya's evil attribution typology ---
3. Ibn Taymiyya on Godʹs wise purposes in the creation of evil ---
4. Ibn Taymiyya's location of the origin of evil in nonexistence (ʹadam) ----
VI. The justice of God and the best of all possible worlds. 1. Introduction ---
2. Ibn Taymiyya's three-fold typology on God's justice (adl) ---
3. Ibn Taymiyya on God's power and al-Ghazali's best of all possible worlds ----
Conclusion.
Series Title: Islamic philosophy, theology, and science, v.73.
Responsibility: by Jon Hoover.

Abstract:

This comprehensive study of Muslim jurist Ibn Taymiyya's (d. 1328) theodicy of perpetual optimism exposits and analyses his writings on God's justice and wise purpose, divine determination and human  Read more...

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"...essential reading for all scholars working on any aspect of Ibn Taymiyya's thought, or on questions of free will and predetermination in Islamic tradition." Yossef Rapoport, Queen Mary University Read more...

 
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schema:description"Introduction ---- I. Worship, religious epistemology and theological jurisprudence. 1. Ibn Taymiyya as a theological jurist --- 2. The centrality of worshipping God alone --- 3. The correspondence of reason and revelation --- 4. On knowing that God Exists and that he alone should be worshipped --- 5. The methodology of theological jurisprudence --- 6. The apologetic quality of Ibn Taymiyya's theological jurisprudence ---- II. God's wise purpose, perpetual activity and self-sufficiency. 1. The problematic of God's goodness and God's self-sufficiency --- 2. Joseph Bell on God's wise purpose and self-sufficiency in Ibn Taymiyya's theology --- 3. Ibn Taymiyya's classification of views on wise purpose/causality in the will of God --- 4. The Ash'ari case against causality in the will of God : it entails imperfection and origination in God, as well as an infinite regress --- 5. Ibn Taymiyya's case for a God who acts perpetually for wise purposes and creates from eternity --- 6. Ibn Taymiyya on God's voluntary acts subsisting in God's essence --- 7. Ibn Taymiyya on God's sufficiency apart from the worlds in the exercise of wise purpose ---- III. God's creation and God's command. 1. Ibn Taymiyya's creation/command hermeneutic --- 2. Ibn Taymiyya's classification of errors in creation and command --- 3. Ibn Taymiyya : analogy is the cause of error in creation and command --- 4. Modes of expressing creation and command in Ibn Taymiyya's thought --- 5. Ibn Taymiyya defending the coherence of creation and command ---- IV. God's creation of acts in the human agent. 1. Ibn Taymiyya's view of the human act in prior research --- 2. The theological and philosophical context --- 3. Ibn Taymiyya on the compatibility of divine creation and human action --- 4. Ibn Taymiyya's view of divine creation by means of secondary causes --- 5. Ibn Taymiyya on controversial Kalam terms relating to human agency --- 6. Ibn Taymiyya's compatibilism as the golden mean (wasat) ---- V. The wise purpose and origin of evil. 1. Ibn Taymiyya and the explanation of evil in Islamic theodicies --- 2. Ibn Taymiyya's evil attribution typology --- 3. Ibn Taymiyya on Godʹs wise purposes in the creation of evil --- 4. Ibn Taymiyya's location of the origin of evil in nonexistence (ʹadam) ---- VI. The justice of God and the best of all possible worlds. 1. Introduction --- 2. Ibn Taymiyya's three-fold typology on God's justice (adl) --- 3. Ibn Taymiyya on God's power and al-Ghazali's best of all possible worlds ---- Conclusion."
schema:description"The Muslim jurist Ibn Taymiyya (d. 1328) is famous for polemic against Islamic philosophy, theology and rationalizing mysticism, but his positive theological contribution has not been well understood. This comprehensive study of Ibn Taymiyya's theodicy helps to rectify this lack. Exposition and analysis of Ibn Taymiyya's writings on God's justice and wise purpose, divine determination and human agency, the problem of evil, and juristic method in theological doctrine show that he articulates a theodicy of optimism in which God in His essence perpetually wills the best possible world from eternity. This sets Ibn Taymiyya's theodicy apart from Ashar divine voluntarism, the free-will theodicy of the Mutazils, and the essentially timeless God of other optimists like Ibn Sn and Ibn Arab. -- Back cover."
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