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|Document Type:||Visual material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||SBS-TV.|
|Notes:||First broadcast 9th, 16th, and 23rd January 2011.|
|Description:||1 videodisc (DVD) (162 min.) : sound, color ; 4 3/4 in.|
In the first episode, when the Commonwealth of Australia was founded in 1901, the very last thing the nation wanted to be was multicultural. The measures taken to ensure this would be the case not only caused great human suffering, but in a supreme historical irony, actually helped create the very threat Australia feared the most - invasion from the Asian north. In episode two, the Second World War had far reaching effects on the history of the 'Immigration Nation'. With no Asian migrants allowed and the pool of available Britons decreasing, Australia faced a crisis. Not only were there fears that Australia couldn't defend itself, experts also believed the country would not grow economically without more people. So the nation's first ever Immigration Minister, Arthur Calwell, made a momentous decision to bring in non-British European immigrants for the first time. Yet the nation, which is 99% white, is not easily persuaded this is a good idea. Despite the horrors of the Nazi death camps, the arrival of Jewish migrants like Dachau survivor Willie Lermer was greeted with scathing attacks in the press. When the arrival of the first migrant boat from Egypt provokes a similar reaction, Calwell, the war time Minister for Information, decides he must use his skills in propaganda to prepare the nation for mass non-British migration.
The final episode covers events from the 1950s up to the present day. Despite causing widespread criticism overseas, in the fifties under the Menzies government, Australia's whites only immigration policy seemed as popular as ever. Indeed, the rise of Communism in the region added extra justification to the need to prevent Asians entering the country. By the 1960s a new generation were questioning Australia's racist immigration policies and the exclusion of our Asian neighbours. The staged kidnap of a six-year-old Indian-Fijian girl by Aboriginal activist Charles Perkins exposed the injustice of the system. But it took the Vietnam War and the following humanitarian crisis to force the country to banish the ideal of a White Australia once and for all and sow the seeds for the Immigration Nation we live in today.
- Australia -- Population policy.
- White Australia policy.
- Multiculturalism -- Australia.
- Immigrants -- Australia.
- Ethnology -- Australia.
- Cultural pluralism -- Australia.
- Australia -- Emigration and immigration.
- Australia -- Social conditions.
- Australia -- Race relations.
- Cultural pluralism.
- Emigration and immigration.
- Population policy.
- Race relations.
- Social conditions.