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Immigration, poverty, and socioeconomic inequality

Author: David E Card; Steven Raphael
Publisher: New York : Russell Sage Foundation, [2013]
Series: National Poverty Center series on poverty and public policy.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The rapid rise in the proportion of foreign-born residents in the U.S. since the mid-1960s is one of the most important demographic events of the past fifty years. The increase in immigration, especially among the less-skilled and less-educated, has prompted fears that the newcomers may have depressed the wages and employment of the native-born, burdened state and local budgets, and slowed the U.S. economy as a  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: David E Card; Steven Raphael
ISBN: 9780871544988 0871544989
OCLC Number: 836557503
Notes: Editors introduction / by David Card and Steven Raphael -- Composition, competition, and the geography of immigrant poverty -- The impact of immigration on native poverty through labor market competition / by Giovanni Peri -- Immigrant-native substitutability : the role of language ability / by Ethan Lewis -- Immigration, segregation, and poverty in the U.S. / by Michael Stoll -- "New destinations" and immigrant poverty / by Mark Ellis, Richard Wright, and Matthew Townley -- Intergenerational mobility within immigrant communities -- Intergenerational mobility among immigrants and their descendants / by Renee Reichl Luthra and Roger Waldinger -- Opportunity horizons and cultures of mobility : frames of achievement among second generation Mexicans, Chinese, and Vietnamese / by Jennifer Lee and Min Zhou -- Assessing human capital and intergenerational mobility among 1.5 generation undocumented young adults / by Roberto G. Gonzales -- Public policy and poverty among the foreign born -- The new Latino underclass : immigration enforcement as a race-making institution / by Douglas S. Massey -- Employment effects of state legislation against the hiring of undocumented workers / by Sarah Bohn and Magnus Lofstrom -- Immigration, welfare reform, and the U.S. safety net / by Marianne Bitler and Hilary W. Hoynes -- Immigration and redistributive social policy / by Cybelle Fox, Irene Bloemraad, and Christel Kesler -- Immigrants in Europe -- Immigration : the European experience / by Christian Dustmann and Tomasso Frattini -- Index.
Description: xiv, 469 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: Introduction / David Card and Steven Raphael --
Part I. COMPOSITION, COMPETITION, AND THE GEOGRAPHY OF IMMIGRANT POVERTY. IMMIGRATION, NATIVE POVERTY AND THE LABOR MARKET COMPETITION / Giovanni Peri ; IMMIGRANT-NATIVE SUBSTITUTABILITY AND THE ROLE OF LANGUAGE / Ethan Lewis ; IMMIGRATION, SEGREGATION, AND POVERTY / Michael A. Stoll ; "NEW DESTINATIONS" AND IMMIGRANT POVERTY / Mark Ellis, Richard Wright, and Matthew Townley --
Part II. INTERGENERATIONAL MOBILITY WITHIN IMMIGRANT COMMUNITIES. INTERGENERATIONAL MOBILITY / Renee Reichl Luthra and Roger Waldinger ; FRAMES OF ACHIEVEMENT AND OPPORTUNITY HORIZONS / Jennifer Lee and Min Zhou ; REASSESSING HUMAN CAPITAL AND INTERGENERATIONAL MOBILITY / Roberto G. Gonzales --
Part III. PUBLIC POLICY AND POVERTY AMONG THE FOREIGN BORN. IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT AS A RACE-MAKING INSTITUTION / Douglas S. Massey ; EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS OF STATE LEGISLATION / Sarah Bohn and Magnus Lofstrom ; IMMIGRATION, WELFARE REFORM, AND THE U.S. SAFETY NET / Marianne P. Bitler and Hilary W. Hoynes ; IMMIGRATION AND REDISTRIBUTIVE SOCIAL POLICY / Cybelle Fox, Irene Bloemraad, and Christel Kesler --
Part IV. IMMIGRANTS IN EUROPE. IMMIGRATION : THE EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE / Christian Dustmann and Tomasso Frattini.
Series Title: National Poverty Center series on poverty and public policy.
Responsibility: David Card and Steven Raphael, editors.

Abstract:

"The rapid rise in the proportion of foreign-born residents in the U.S. since the mid-1960s is one of the most important demographic events of the past fifty years. The increase in immigration, especially among the less-skilled and less-educated, has prompted fears that the newcomers may have depressed the wages and employment of the native-born, burdened state and local budgets, and slowed the U.S. economy as a whole. Would the poverty rate be lower in the absence of immigration? How does the undocumented status of an increasing segment of the foreign-born population impact wages in the U.S.? In Immigration, Poverty and Socioeconomic Inequality, noted labor economists David Card and Steven Raphael and an interdisciplinary team of scholars provide a comprehensive assessment of the costs and benefits of the latest era of immigration to the U.S. Immigration, Poverty and Socioeconomic Inequality rigorously explores shifts in population trends, labor market competition, and socioeconomic segregation to investigate how the recent rise in immigration affects economic disadvantage in the U.S. Giovanni Peri analyzes the changing skill composition of immigrants to the U.S. over the past two decades to assess their impact on the labor market outcomes of native-born workers. Despite concerns over labor market competition, he shows that the overall effect has been benign for most native groups. Moreover, immigration appears to have had negligible impacts on native poverty rates. Ethan Lewis examines whether differences in English proficiency explain this lack of competition between immigrant and native-born workers. He finds that parallel Spanish-speaking labor markets emerge in areas where Spanish speakers are sufficiently numerous, thereby limiting the impact of immigration on the wages of native-born residents. While the increase in the number of immigrants may not necessarily hurt the job prospects of native-born workers, low-skilled migration appears to suppress the wages of immigrants themselves. Michael Stoll shows that linguistic isolation and residential crowding in specific metropolitan areas has contributed to high poverty rates among immigrants. Have these economic disadvantages among low-skilled immigrants increased their dependence on the U.S. social safety net? Marianne Bitler and Hilary Hoynes analyze the consequences of welfare reform, which limited eligibility for major cash assistance programs. Their analysis documents sizable declines in program participation for foreign-born families since the 1990s and suggests that the safety net has become less effective in lowering child poverty among immigrant households. As the debate over immigration reform reemerges on the national agenda, Immigration, Poverty and Socioeconomic Inequality provides a timely and authoritative review of the immigrant experience in the United States."--Publisher's website.

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