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Impact cratering : processes and products

Author: Gordon R Osinski; Elisabetta Pierazzo
Publisher: Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell, [2013]
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Impact cratering is arguably the most ubiquitous geological process in the Solar System. It has played an important role in Earth's history, shaping the geological landscape, affecting the evolution of life, and generating economic resources. However, it was only in the latter half of the 20th century that the importance of impact cratering as a geological process was recognized and only during the past couple of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Impact cratering.
Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons Inc., [2013]
(DLC) 2012018762
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gordon R Osinski; Elisabetta Pierazzo
ISBN: 9781118447321 1118447328 9781118447314 111844731X 9781118447338 1118447336 9781118447307 1118447301 1299157769 9781299157767
OCLC Number: 798093647
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Title page; Copyright page; Dedication; Contents; Preface; List of contributors; ONE: Impact cratering: processes and products; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Formation of hypervelocity impact craters; 1.2.1 Contact and compression; 1.2.2 Excavation stage; 1.2.3 Modification stage; 1.2.4 Post-impact hydrothermal activity; 1.3 Morphology and morphometry of impact craters; 1.3.1 Simple craters; 1.3.2 Complex craters; 1.3.3 Multi-ring basins; 1.4 Impactites; 1.4.1 Classification of impactites; 1.4.2 Impact melt-bearing impactites; 1.5 Recognition of impact craters. 1.6 Destructive effects of impact events1.7 Beneficial effects of impact events; 1.7.1 Microbiological effects; 1.7.2 Economic effects; 1.8 When a crater does not exist: other evidence for impact events; 1.9 Concluding remarks; References; TWO: Population of impactors and the impact cratering rate in the inner Solar System; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Population of impactors in the inner Solar System; 2.3 Impact frequency of NEOs with the Earth; 2.4 Comparison with the impact record on terrestrial planets; 2.4.1 The Earth; 2.4.2 The other terrestrial planets. 2.5 Variability of the impact frequency during the last 3 Ga2.6 The early cratering history of the Solar System; 2.7 Conclusions; References; THREE: The contact and compression stage of impact cratering; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Maximum pressures during contact and compression; 3.2.1 The planar impact approximation; 3.2.2 Energy partition during compression; 3.2.3 Unloading of the projectile; 3.3 Jetting during contact and compression; 3.4 The isobaric core; 3.5 Oblique impact; 3.6 The end of contact and compression; References; FOUR: Excavation and impact ejecta emplacement; 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Excavation4.3 Impact plume; 4.4 Generation of continuous ejecta blankets; 4.5 Rayed craters; 4.6 Generation of multiple ejecta layers; 4.6.1 Observations; 4.6.2 Initial impact melt production and early emplacement; 4.6.3 Late-stage melt emplacement --
the surface melt flow phase; 4.7 Distal impact ejecta; 4.8 Depth of excavation; References; FIVE: The modification stage of crater formation; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Morphology and morphometry of simple and complex impact craters; 5.2.1 Simple crater morphology; 5.2.2 Complex crater morphology; 5.2.3 Crater morphology as a function of size. 5.3 Kinematics of crater collapse5.3.1 Kinematics of simple crater formation; 5.3.2 Kinematics of complex crater formation; 5.4 Subsurface structure of complex impact craters; 5.4.1 Crater rim; 5.4.2 Ring syncline; 5.4.3 Central uplift; 5.4.4 Peak ring; 5.5 Mechanics of cavity collapse: what makes the target so weak?; 5.5.1 Target disintegration into blocks; 5.5.2 Distributed and localized brittle deformation; 5.5.3 Localized melting; 5.5.4 Temporary weakening; 5.6 Effects of oblique impact incidences on cavity collapse; 5.7 Effects of rheologically complex targets on cavity modification.
Responsibility: edited by Gordon R. Osinski and Elisabetta Pierazzo.
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Abstract:

First book to summarise geological significance of cratering, with an emphasis on planet earth Takes a process-based approach -- not just a catalogue of known impact structures Chapters are written  Read more...

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"I fully recommend this book to anyone interested in impacts and their geological influence. Impact Cratering is first class, fascinating reading to the expert, I am sure, as well as the novice (like Read more...

 
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