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The impact of family composition on educational achievement

Author: Stacey H Chen; Yen-Chien Chen; Jin-Tan Liu; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 20443.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Parents preferring sons tend to go on to have more children until one or more boys are born, and to concentrate investment in boys for a given sibsize. Therefore, having a brother may affect child outcomes in two ways: indirectly, by decreasing sibsize, and directly, where sibsize remains constant. We develop an identification strategy that allows us to separate these two effects. We then apply this to capture the  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Stacey H Chen; Yen-Chien Chen; Jin-Tan Liu; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 891107410
Notes: "August 2014"
Description: 1 online resource (31 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 20443.
Responsibility: Stacey H. Chen, Yen-Chien Chen, Jin-Tan Liu.

Abstract:

Parents preferring sons tend to go on to have more children until one or more boys are born, and to concentrate investment in boys for a given sibsize. Therefore, having a brother may affect child outcomes in two ways: indirectly, by decreasing sibsize, and directly, where sibsize remains constant. We develop an identification strategy that allows us to separate these two effects. We then apply this to capture the heterogeneous effects of male siblings in both direct and indirect channels, using 0.8 million Taiwanese first-borns. Our empirical evidence indicates that neither effect is important in explaining first-born boys' education levels. In contrast, both effects for first-born girls are evident but go in opposite directions, resulting in a near-zero total effect which has previously been a measure of gender bias. These results offer new evidence of sibling rivalry and gender bias in family settings that has not been detected in the literature.

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