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Imperial borderland : Bobrikov and the attempted Russification of Finland, 1898-1904

Author: Tuomo Polvinen
Publisher: Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, ©1995.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"'Currently I am worrying my head over whom I shall appoint to Vilnius as Governor-General ... In the autumn Ignatiev will leave the post in Kiev - again one empty position; and there has not been a Governor-General in Finland for over a year. All this is not particularly agreeable, mother dear, but I firmly believe that God will help me find the honest and useful men who are needed.'" "Tsar Nicholas II wrote this  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Biography
Named Person: Nikolaĭ Ivanovich Bobrikov; Nikolaĭ Ivanovich Bobrikov; Nikolaî̈ Ivanovitch Bobrikov; Nikolaj I Bobrikov; Nikolaj I Bobrikov
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Tuomo Polvinen
ISBN: 0822315637 9780822315636
OCLC Number: 31377238
Description: ix, 342 pages : illustrations, 1 map ; 23 cm
Other Titles: Valtakunta ja rajamaa.
Responsibility: Tuomo Polvinen ; translated by Steven Huxley.
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Abstract:

"'Currently I am worrying my head over whom I shall appoint to Vilnius as Governor-General ... In the autumn Ignatiev will leave the post in Kiev - again one empty position; and there has not been a Governor-General in Finland for over a year. All this is not particularly agreeable, mother dear, but I firmly believe that God will help me find the honest and useful men who are needed.'" "Tsar Nicholas II wrote this in a letter to his mother, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna, in August 1897. Finally, God directed his attention to the Chief of Staff of the Guards and Military District of St Petersburg, General Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, who was appointed to the post in Helsinki in the summer of 1898. He remained there until his assassination by Eugen Schauman six years later." "Finland, an autonomous Grand Duchy within the Empire since 1808, was a prosperous country with its own political institutions, its own (Lutheran) church, army and gold-based currency, and a liberal middle class who felt a greater affinity with Western countries, especially Sweden, than with Russia and its authoritarian tradition. Now Bobrikov, already with a reputation as a fanatical 'great Russian', was determined that Finland should acknowledge its subordinate status within the Empire and that its 'impudent' independent spirit should be crushed." "Thus almost a century of political equilibrium in Finland ended, and relations between the Empire and the Grand Duchy entered a phase of conflict. Bobrikov appeared to be striving for the total assimilation of Finland, but the political aim was much simpler: to secure the Empire's military interests. Although Nicholas II gave wholehearted support to Bobrikov's policies, they caused differences of opinion in St Petersburg." "Tuomo Polvinen explores the whole of this episode for the first time in detail, making extensive use of Russian primary sources. It is the story of a great but weak empire, its nationality policy challenged by a subject people in an advanced stage of development. The author's use of direct quotations from ministerial, diplomatic and, above all, private correspondence exposes the intimate motives and feelings of those most deeply involved, and highlights an extraordinary political drama."--Jacket.

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"Polvinen is the first historian to provide an original, scholarly synthesis of the events in Finland at the beginning of the twentieth century. He is the dean of Finnish historians who are concerned Read more...

 
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