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Indicators and associated decay of Engelmann spruce in Colorado

Author: Thomas E Hinds; Frank G Hawksworth; United States. Department of Agriculture.; Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)
Publisher: Fort Collins, Colo. : Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1966.
Series: U.S. Forest Service research paper RM, 25.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Average cull deductions for 11 cull indicators were determined from over 2,000 abnormalities on 1,027 merchantable Engelmann spruce in 21 stands throughout Colorado. On a board-foot basis, Fomes pini punk knots or sporophores caused an 81 percent deduction. Deduction for broken tops or dead tops with adjacent dead rust brooms amounted to 24 percent. Basal wounds, dead rust brooms, a dead leader, frost cracks, all  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Hinds, Thomas E.
Indicators and associated decay of Engelmann spruce in Colorado.
Fort Collins, Colo. : Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1966
(OCoLC)624442204
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Thomas E Hinds; Frank G Hawksworth; United States. Department of Agriculture.; Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)
OCLC Number: 19228636
Description: 15 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Series Title: U.S. Forest Service research paper RM, 25.
Responsibility: by Thomas E. Hinds and Frank G. Hawksworth.

Abstract:

"Average cull deductions for 11 cull indicators were determined from over 2,000 abnormalities on 1,027 merchantable Engelmann spruce in 21 stands throughout Colorado. On a board-foot basis, Fomes pini punk knots or sporophores caused an 81 percent deduction. Deduction for broken tops or dead tops with adjacent dead rust brooms amounted to 24 percent. Basal wounds, dead rust brooms, a dead leader, frost cracks, all forks, joined at the base to another tree, spike top, and trunk wounds were each responsible for a 10 percent deduction. Fomes pini was the most important decay fungus."

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