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Industrial galactomannan polysaccharides

Author: N K Mathur
Publisher: Boca Raton, Fla. : Taylor & Francis, ©2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Quite possibly the first comprehensive text on galactomannans, Industrial Galactomannan Polysaccharides compiles information on their industrial uses in the form of gums including locust bean, guar, tara, fenugreek, cassia-tara, and Sesbania-bisipinasa varieties. The book describes how galactomannans are currently produced commercially and how they have become industrial commodities. It provides a simple and clear
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: N K Mathur
ISBN: 9781439846285 1439846286
OCLC Number: 746753221
Description: xxi, 165 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: General Introduction to CarbohydratesCarbohydrates, the Primary Products of PhotosynthesisRelative Abundance of Common CarbohydratesClassification of CarbohydratesPhotosynthesis of CarbohydratesConformation of PolysaccharidesFunctions of PolysaccharidesFurther ReadingsGalactomannan PolysaccharidesIntroductionBiological Functions of Galactomannans and Their ClassificationBiosynthetic Route for the Formation of Galactomannan Polysaccharides in Plants Galactomannan-Bearing Plants General Structural Features of Legume Pods and SeedsCommercial Production of GalactomannansGeneral Chemical Structural Features of Galactomannan Gums GlucomannansCommercial Need of Galactomannans Having Different Functional PropertiesFuture Prospects Hydrocolloids or GumsDefining a Colloidal System, Polymeric and Nonpolymeric ColloidsPolymeric Colloidal Systems and the Size of Colloidal ParticlesReversible and Irreversible Colloidal Systems: HydrocolloidsChemical Structure of Polysaccharide Hydrocolloids Polydispersibility and Conformation of HydrocolloidsFunctional Properties of Hydrocolloids and Their Structure-Function CorrelationStructure-Solubility Relationship in HydrocolloidsInteraction of Hydrocolloids and WaterBinding of Molecular Clusters of Water by Hydrocolloids Gels as Colloidal Systems and Gel Forming Hydrocolloids Synergy among HydrocolloidsEmulsification by HydrocolloidsApplications of Galactomannan Hydrocolloids in Food and Nonfood Industries Interactions of GalactomannansIntroductionTypes of Interactions of GalactomannansConfigurational Differences between Glucose Polymers and Galactomannan PolymersHydrogen Bonding Interactions in CarbohydratesSynergic Increase in Viscosity and Gelling of Galactomannans with Other Polysaccharides Super Entanglement of GalactomannanHigh Surfactant Activity of Fenugreek Galactomannan Adsorption of Galactomannans on Hydrophilic Solids: Applications in the Paper Industry Galactomannans As a Depressant/Flocculent in Nonferrous Mineral BeneficiationModulation of Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Formation of Fused, Five-Member Ring by Cis-Pair of Hydroxyl Groups in GalactomannansInteraction with Cross-Linking Agents and Its ApplicationsCross-Linking with Transition Metal Ions Interaction with Racemic Mixtures Involving Chiral-Selective Interactions of GalactomannansMoisturizing Action and Gelling of Glucomannan Polysaccharide in Aloe vera PlantRheology of HydrocolloidsIntroductionRheology of Hydrocolloid SolsViscosity Defined Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids: Pseudoplasticity Thixotropic FluidsHydration and Solubility of PolysaccharidesDependence of Viscosity of Polymeric Molecules on Their Size, Shape, and ConformationEffect of Charge on the Viscosity of Linear PolymerGel Formation and ViscoelasticityRheology Measuring Instruments and MethodologyDerivatization of PolysaccharidesIntroductionDifference between the Whole Seed Powder and an Industrial Polysaccharide Need for Modification or Derivatization of Polysaccharides Polysaccharide DerivativesApproval of Derivatized Polysaccharides as Food AdditivesProduction of Galactomannan Derivatives Reactivity of Various Hydroxyl Groups of a Polysaccharide during a Derivatization ReactionDegree of Substitution and Molecular Substitution Why Was Derivatization Technology Developed? Derivatization Using Gum Powder (Carboxymethylation)Derivatization Using Guar Split Polysaccharide Derivatives Currently Being Manufactured and PatentedCommon Derivatizing Reagents and Reactions Determination of Degree of Substitution Typical Methods for Determination of DSPreparation of Common Derivatizing ReagentsGuar Gum: The Premium GalactomannanIntroduction and Transdomestication of Guar CropGuar Seed As a Source of an Industrial Galactomannan Gum Development of Guar Crop As the Source of an Industrial Galactomannan Estimates of Guar Gum Production and Its Consumption General Structural Features of Guar GalactomannanGuar Gum or Guaran: A Galactomannan PolysaccharideDevelopment of Guar Seed Processing Technology in India Newer Developments and Export of Processed Guar Products from IndiaGuar Crop Agronomy and Economics Guar Plant Marketing and Export Biotechnological AspectsNutritional Aspects of Guar Seed Protein Chemical and Structural Studies of GalactomannansFine Structure of Guar Galactomannan Some Physicochemical Properties of Guar Gum Manufacture of Guar Gum from Seed Production of Guar Split Production of Guar Gum Powder from Guar Splits Modified Guar Gum Products Guar Gum Derivatives Testing and Quality Control of Guar Gum ProductsRheology of Guar Gum Pastes Factors Influencing Viscosity of Guar Gum Solutions Super Entanglement of Guar Galactomannan Molecules Solubility and Hydration Rate of Guar Gum Specific Interactions of Mannan Chain in Guar Gum and Its ApplicationsUses and Applications of Guar GumLocust Bean Gum, or Carob GumHistorical Introduction Carob TreeCarob Seed, the Traditional Source of a Galactomannan Gum Carob Gum or Locust Bean Gum Agronomy of Carob TreeRegional Considerations Important Carob Plantation Regions in the worldManufacturing of Locust Bean Gum Flow Sheet Showing Various Steps of Manufacturing LBGPotential Amounts of Marketable LBG and Price Variation Functional Properties of LBG Rheology of LBGMechanism of Binary Gel Formation with LBG Specific Structural Features of LBG Fine Structure of LBG Molecular Conformation of LBGSolubility Behavior of Commercial LBGPreparation of LBG Solution or Paste and Structure-Solubility CorrelationSynergism of Viscosity and Binary Gel FormationBinary Gelling Substitutes of Locust Bean GumSubstitutes for Locust Bean GumCross-Linking Reactions and Interactions of LBG with Other PolysaccharidesModifications and Derivatization of LBGApplications and Uses of LBG Fenugreek Gum: The New Food GalactomannanIntroductionFactors That Influence Commercialization of Potential Polysaccharide GumsFenugreek Galactomannan As an Emerging Industrial PolysaccharideFenugreek Crop Composition of Fenugreek Seed Manufacturing of Fenugreek Galactomannan Gum Dry versus Wet Methods of Extraction of Seed Galactomannans Need to Adopt Dry Processing for Commercial Manufacturing Fenugreek Gum Chemical Structure of Fenugreek Galactomannan Conformation of Fenugreek GalactomannanPhysical Properties and Rheology of Fenugreek Gum Surface Activity and Emulsifying Property of Fenugreek Gum Medicinal and Other Uses of Fenugreek GumTara Gum: An Exclusive Food Additive with Limited ProductionIntroductionTara TreeTara GumStructural Features of Tara GumManufacture of Tara Gum Applications of Tara Gum Can India Develop an Equivalent of Tara Gum from Cassia fistula Gum?Cassia tora Gum: An Emerging Commercial GalactomannanIntroductionCommercially Produced Galactomannan Gums Chemical Structure of Cassia tora Gum Dependence of the Functional Properties of Galactomannans on Their M:G Ratio Gelling Gums Mechanism of Binary Gelling Common Toxic Constituents in Legume SeedsAnthraquinone Pigments in Legume SeedsCassia tora Crop Cassia tora SeedCassia tora Gum and Its Structure Rheology of Cassia tora Gum GRAS Specification and E Numbers for Food AdditivesPresent Status of CT GumMiscellaneous, Less Common Galactomannans and GlucomannansIntroductionCassia fistula Tree Cassia fistula Seed Gum: Need to Explore Production and Commercialization Extraction of Cassia fistula Seed Gum: Dry Grinding and Wet Extraction MethodsFunctional Properties of Cassia fistula GumStructural Features of Cassia fistula Galactomannan Why Explore and Commercialize Cassia fistula Gum? What Can Be the Possible Uses of Cassia fistula Gum? Galactomannan from Pods of Prosopis julifloraGlucomannan Polysaccharides Konjak GlucomannanUses and Applications of Konjak GlucomannanAloe vera Glucomannan Aloe vera Glucomannan, Gel or Fluid
Responsibility: N.K. Mathur.

Abstract:

Compiles information on industrial galactomannans such as locust bean gum, guar gum, tara gum, fenugreek gum, cassia-tara gum, and Sasbania-bisipinasa gum. This book describes how they are currently  Read more...

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   schema:description ""Preface I have been associated with the guar gum (an industrial galactomannan polysaccharide) industry at Jodhpur, which is a city in the northwestern Rajasthan state of India, for nearly four decades now. Guar seed processing into its gum was started in India in late 1950s and early 1960s. This was based on transfer of technology by two U.S. companies (General Mills Co. and Stein, Hall & Co.) and establishing guar galactomannan-based industries in India with their collaboration. Subsequently similar industries were also established in Pakistan. With establishment of these industries on the Indian subcontinent, processing of guar seed into gum powder was gradually reduced in the United States and Europe. However the export of guar seed split from India has continued even now to most of Europe, Japan, and the United States, where some value-added specialty guar gum products are still manufactured according to secret and patented procedures. During the past two decades, there has been an increasing trend of outsourcing production of these so-called specialty products to Indian manufacturers. For several years the export-oriented guar gum industry in India, flourished and progressed well. This was mainly due to mastering of the technology of mechanical processing of guar seed into gum powder, without much understanding of underlying science and technology of the process and the product. India currently produces over 70% of the world production of guar seeds, most of which is processed into guar gum products and its by-products, including protein-rich cattle feed. Many guar gum industries in India are now emerging as multihydrocolloid industries processing, importing, or trading in hydrocolloids other than guar gum"--"@en ;
   schema:description ""Quite possibly the first comprehensive text on galactomannans, Industrial Galactomannan Polysaccharides compiles information on their industrial uses in the form of gums including locust bean, guar, tara, fenugreek, cassia-tara, and Sesbania-bisipinasa varieties. The book describes how galactomannans are currently produced commercially and how they have become industrial commodities. It provides a simple and clear introduction to these vital substances, it compares their various sources. HighlightsGeneral chapters on carbohydrates, hydrocolloids and associated rheology, interactions of galactomannans, and derivatization of polysaccharidesA brief history of each product gum, cultivation of the plant sources, seed, habitat, chemical structure, functional properties, manufacturing processes, and applicationsSpecial focus on the most representative galactomannans: guar and locust bean gumsAn in-depth compilation of industrial galactomannans information, this book is designed for the manufacturers, traders, and end users of galactomannans, as well as technologists in polysaccharides-related industries and scientists and academics interested in carbohydrates"--"@en ;
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