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Industrial policy, employer size, and economic performance in Sweden

Author: Steven J Davis; Magnus Henrekson; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©1995.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 5237.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Abstract: The pre-1990 Swedish tax system strongly disfavored younger, smaller and less capital-intensive firms and sectors and discouraged entrepreneurship and family ownership of businesses in favor of institutional ownership. Credit market regulations, the national pension system, employment security laws and centralized wage setting in Sweden reinforced the distortionary impact of the tax system. We describe the  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Steven J Davis; Magnus Henrekson; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 51530137
Notes: "August 1995."
Description: 1 online resource (38, [27] pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 5237.
Responsibility: Steven J. Davis, Magnus Henrekson.

Abstract:

Abstract: The pre-1990 Swedish tax system strongly disfavored younger, smaller and less capital-intensive firms and sectors and discouraged entrepreneurship and family ownership of businesses in favor of institutional ownership. Credit market regulations, the national pension system, employment security laws and centralized wage setting in Sweden reinforced the distortionary impact of the tax system. We describe the relevant Swedish policies and institutional arrangements, and we explain why the attendant distortions are likely to have hampered the efficient allocation of resources, reduced productivity, and retarded economic growth and recovery. We also develop evidence on the consequences of these distortions for the size structure and industrial distribution of employment. Taking the U.S. industrial distribution as a benchmark that reflects a comparatively neutral set of policies and institutions, Sweden's employment distribution is sharply tilted away from lower wage industries, less capital-intensive industries, and industries characterized by greater employment shares for smaller firms and establishments. Compared to other OECD economies, Sweden has the lowest rate of self employment, a dominant role for larger firms, and highly concentrated ownership and control of private-sector economic activity.

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