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Innovation, dual use, and security : managing the risks of emerging biological and chemical technologies

Autor: Jonathan B Tucker
Editorial: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, ©2012.
Edición/Formato:   Libro : Inglés (eng)Ver todas las ediciones y todos los formatos
Base de datos:WorldCat
Resumen:
Recent advances in disciplines such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, and neuropharmacology entail a "dual-use dilemma" because they promise benefits for human health and welfare yet pose the risk of misuse for hostile purposes. The emerging field of synthetic genomics, for example, can produce custom DNA molecules for life-saving drugs but also makes possible the creation of deadly viral agents for biological  Leer más
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Tipo de material: Recurso en Internet
Tipo de documento: Libro/Texto, Recurso en Internet
Todos autores / colaboradores: Jonathan B Tucker
ISBN: 9780262017176 0262017172 9780262516969 0262516969
Número OCLC: 757838194
Descripción: x, 356 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contenido: Review of the literature on dual use / Jonathan B. Tucker --
Current dual-use governance measures / Lori P. Knowles --
The decision framework / Jonathan B. Tucker --
Combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening / Jonathan B. Tucker --
DNA shuffling and directed evolution / Gerald L. Epstein --
Protein engineering / Catherine Jefferson --
Synthesis of viral genomes / Filippa Lentzos, Pamela Silver --
Synthetic biology with standard parts / Alexander Kelle --
Development of psychoactive drugs / Malcolm R. Dando --
Synthesis of peptide bioregulators / Ralf Trapp --
Immunological modulation / Nancy Connell --
Personal genomics / Nishal Mohan --
RNA interference / Matthew Metz --
Transcranial magnetic stimulation / Jonathan D. Moreno --
Chemical micro process devices / Amy E. Smithson --
Gene therapy / Gail Javitt, Anya Prince --
Aerosol vaccines / Raymond A. Zilinskas, Hussein Alramini --
Development of the V-series nerve agents / Caitriona McLeish, Brian Balmer --
The use and misuse of LSD by the U.S. Army and the CIA / Mark Wheelis --
Governance of emerging dual-use technologies / Kirk C. Bansak, Jonathan B. Tucker.
Responsabilidad: edited by Jonathan B. Tucker ; foreword by Richard Danzig.

Resumen:

Recent advances in disciplines such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, and neuropharmacology entail a "dual-use dilemma" because they promise benefits for human health and welfare yet pose the risk of misuse for hostile purposes. The emerging field of synthetic genomics, for example, can produce custom DNA molecules for life-saving drugs but also makes possible the creation of deadly viral agents for biological warfare or terrorism. The challenge for policymakers is to prevent the misuse of these new technologies without forgoing their benefits . Innovation, Dual Use, and Security offers a systematic approach for managing the dual-use dilemma. The book presents a "decision framework" for assessing the security risks of emerging technologies and fashioning governance strategies to manage those risks. This framework is applied to fourteen contemporary case studies, including synthetic genomics, DNA shuffling and directed evolution, combinatorial chemistry, protein engineering, immunological modulation, and aerosol vaccines. The book also draws useful lessons from two historical cases: the development of the V-series nerve agents in Britain and the use and misuse of LSD by the U.S. Army and the CIA. Innovation, Dual Use, and Security offers a comprehensive, multifaceted introduction to the challenges of governing dual-use technologies in an era of rapid innovation. The book will be of interest to government officials and other practitioners as well as to students and scholars in security studies, science and technology studies, biology, and chemistry.

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"...The book gives an excellent comprehensive analysis of the dual-use dilemma for technologies that have not only beneficial uses but also the potential to cause serious harm. It is a valuable Leer más

 
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Datos enlazados


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